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I'm writing an article in LaTeX. In the last paragraph of conclusion section, the space between lines shrinks unexpectedly. I do not understand what is happening. How can I make things have uniform spacing?

enter image description here

The link for testing on Overleaf is below:

https://www.overleaf.com/8292319135hqrvdnmywszc

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  • There's also a spacing anomaly in the third paragraph of section 7, but there the space is wider, so it's slightly less obvious. Aug 10, 2021 at 2:56
  • ...also remove the spurious \vspaces that are placed within paragraphs (the cause behind @barbarabeeton's comment).
    – Werner
    Aug 10, 2021 at 6:06

1 Answer 1

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Don't use the strip environment for the set of equations you list. Instead, use a figure* environment to allow the block of equations to flow to the next page (across both columns) and then reword you paragraph to identify the equations you're referencing. Something like:

As mentioned section 3, the robot dynamics requires matrices related to its inertial movement. Their definitions are in equations (10)-(13) below for reference.

enter image description here

As mentioned in section \ref{sec:dynamics_control}, the robot dynamics 
requires matrices related to its inertial movement. Their definitions 
are in equations (\ref{eq:M})-(\ref{eq:nu}) below for reference. 

\begin{figure*}[t]
    % your equations here
\end{figure*}

% rest of your document

I added a \label{eq:M} for the first equation in order to reference it properly.

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  • Nice. Thank you for the advice. Out-of-the-box solution
    – Bruno Lobo
    Aug 10, 2021 at 12:30
  • I don't want to open a new question. Because of that, could you help me understanding why do the table captions appear hyphenized?
    – Bruno Lobo
    Aug 10, 2021 at 23:06
  • @BrunoHenriquePeixoto: The use of the caption package (or subcaption which includes caption) causes the problem - the class defines their own way of handling \captions depending on whether it's a figure or table. Adding \usepackage{caption} or \usepackage{subcaption} already reports a warning in the .log of an unknown package/class, and then redefines the way \caption works... this is the root of the problem. You should redo your figures to use a tabular structure for layout out sub-figures; that would be my suggestion.
    – Werner
    Aug 10, 2021 at 23:29
  • I want to fix only the table. Is it possible without redefinition of all figures?
    – Bruno Lobo
    Aug 11, 2021 at 21:07

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