# How to typeset French quotation marks in plain TeX?

How to typeset French quotation marks in plain TeX?

<<~This is the {\LaTeX} way.~>>


I might need to use European Computer Modern (or Latin Modern?) but I'm not sure how to do so.

• If I try to use those LaTeX ligatures in a TeX file, I end up with inverted exclamation marks (which is the expected behaviour). Aug 20 at 11:13


\font\rm=ecrm1000 \rm

<<~This is the {\TeX} way.~>>

\bye

• That was easier than what I thought, thanks Aug 20 at 11:26
• On the other hand, something like \'equipe would no longer really work. Aug 20 at 11:31
• @egreg true but if someone chooses to use plain tex they presumably know how to set up document commands such as accents. It's only possible to answer the questions as asked, not define an entire format suitable for document production in an answer here. Aug 20 at 11:35
• équipe would work just fine with a latin-1 file encoding Aug 21 at 16:49

You can use opmac (the documentation is quite scanty, though).

\input opmac
\input t1code
\csaccents

\fontfam[LM Fonts]

<<~\'equipe~>>

\bye


If you feel like using L2FSS, you may try

\input plnfss
%\input t1lm.pfd % optional
\usefont{T1}{lmr}{m}{n}

<<~This is the plnfss way.~>>

\bye


If your document is Latin1 encoded, you may type accented letters directly; otherwise, for UTF8, add

\newcount\n
\catcode\^^c3=\active