I'm using \bibliographystyle{ecca} along with a .bib for citing and to generate my bibliography. The style works perfectly other than it replacing repeated authors with "---" in the bibliography list, which I do not want. I tried editing the ecca.bst (calling it myecca.bst then loading \bibliographystyle{myecca.bst}), but I think I have been unable to identify the command that is doing the replacing. the ecca.bst is available here if anyone is able to help: http://tug.ctan.org/tex-archive/biblio/bibtex/contrib/economic/ecca.bst. Would be super grateful for any help! Thanks!

  • I haven't tested this, but you are probably looking for this function FUNCTION {compare.name} that will replace the names with --- if they are identical to the ones in the previous entries (as defined by the functions before that one). Removing this one function should do what you want, but, as I said, I didn't test it myself.
    – Markus G.
    Sep 9, 2021 at 15:47
  • egreg's solution below worked perfectly!
    – hannahelw
    Sep 10, 2021 at 23:46

1 Answer 1


Add a % in front of compare.name in the function format.names

FUNCTION {format.names}
{ 'bibinfo :=
  duplicate$ empty$ 'skip$ {
  namestring 'oldnames := % Copy the stored names to the oldnames list
  "" 'namestring :=       % and blank the current name string
  's :=
  "" 't :=
  #1 'nameptr :=
  s num.names$ 'numnames :=
  numnames 'namesleft :=
    { namesleft #0 > }
    { s nameptr
      "{vv~}{ll}{, f.}{, jj}"
      %compare.name % Save the current name to our storage list

The line number is 509.

Save the file as ecca-mod.bst (or whatever name you prefer).


  author={A. Uthor},
  title={Title one},
  author={A. Uthor},
  title={Title two},
  author={W. Riter},
  title={Title three},







enter image description here

  • Thank you so much, egreg! Your solution was exactly what I was after. I had failed to spot the compare.name in the function format.names. I had commented out the whole function compare.name instead which didn't quite work.
    – hannahelw
    Sep 10, 2021 at 23:45

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