# Figures side by side: captions and size problems

I'm quite new to Latex and I'm having some problems placing figures side by side. I want the first image to be shifted a bit on left side of the text as well as the second a little bit on the right, so that I can make them bigger without them overlapping. Moreover, I want sub-captions centered with respect to the graph. So I would like to ask you:

• what is wrong in my code?
• Are there better ways to do what I want to do?
• How can I enlarge the space between text and images?

I attach what I was able to do.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{report}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[greek,english]{babel}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\setlength{\parindent}{10pt}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{ae}
\usepackage{mwe}

\begin{document}

\lipsum[1-2]

\begin{figure}[h]
\centering
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.499\textwidth}%
\hspace{-2.5 cm}%
\includegraphics[scale=0.4]{{example-image-a}}%
\subcaption{Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura}%
\end{subfigure}%
\hfill%
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.499\textwidth}%
\includegraphics[scale=0.4]{{example-image-a}}%
\subcaption{Quel ramo del lago di Como, che volge a mezzogiorno, tra due catene non interrotte di monti}%
\hspace{-2.5 cm}%
\end{subfigure}
\caption{Caption}
\end{figure}

\lipsum[3-4]

\end{document}


Thanks a lot!

• Welcome to TeX.SE!
– Mico
Nov 28 '21 at 11:58

If you like to have image wider than text width, changepage package can help you:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{ae}
\usepackage[greek,english]{babel}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage[font=small, labelfont=bf]{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\usepackage[strict]{changepage}
\setlength{\parindent}{10pt}

\usepackage{lipsum}

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]
\begin{figure}[ht]
\parbox{\linewidth}{% I don't know why is needed that caption has expected width
\setkeys{Gin}{width=\linewidth}
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.48\linewidth}%
\includegraphics{example-image-a}%
\subcaption{Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura}%
\end{subfigure}%
\hfill%
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.48\linewidth}%
\includegraphics{example-image-b}%
\subcaption{Quel ramo del lago di Como, che volge a mezzogiorno, tra due catene non interrotte di monti}%
\end{subfigure}

\caption{Caption}
}% end of parbox
\end{figure}

\lipsum[2-3]
\end{document}


• Thank you for your answer, I tried it and it works well. however is it possible to add label to each figure (subfigure)? Because I have some problems Dec 7 '21 at 8:49
• @user257608, each subfigure has a label: (a), (b)! What you mean with add a label? Dec 7 '21 at 9:17

If you want to prevent overlap between the images, it's best to use the option width=\linewidth instead of the somewhat indirect scale=0.4. (And I'd set that width to 0.48\textwidth, not 0.499\textwidth...) With this adjustment in place, it's not necessary to employ \hspace* directives either.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{report}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[greek,english,italian]{babel}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}

\setlength{\parindent}{10pt}
\usepackage{lipsum}

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]

\begin{figure}[h]
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.48\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-a}
\caption{Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura}
\end{subfigure}%
\hfill
\begin{subfigure}[t]{0.48\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-b}
\caption{Quel ramo del lago di Como, che volge a mezzogiorno, tra due catene non interrotte di monti}
\end{subfigure}

\caption{Caption} % overall caption
\end{figure}

\lipsum[3]
\end{document}

• Thank you Mico, I tried your code but for my purposes it works better solution by zarko. Anyway thank you for your time! Dec 7 '21 at 8:47

A subfigure is just a minipage with captions. Not sure why I need \struts around \hfill.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{report}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[greek,english]{babel}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\setlength{\parindent}{10pt}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{ae}
\usepackage{mwe}

\begin{document}

\lipsum[1-2]

\begin{figure}[h]
\hspace*{-2.5 cm}%
\begin{subfigure}[t]{\dimexpr 0.5\textwidth+2.5cm-0.5\columnsep}
\centering
\includegraphics[scale=0.4]{{example-image-a}}%
\caption{Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura}%
\end{subfigure}%
\strut\hfill\strut
\begin{subfigure}[t]{\dimexpr 0.5\textwidth+2.5cm-0.5\columnsep}
\centering
\includegraphics[scale=0.4]{{example-image-a}}%
\caption{Quel ramo del lago di Como, che volge a mezzogiorno, tra due catene non interrotte di monti}%
\end{subfigure}%
\hspace*{-2.5 cm}
\caption{Caption}
\end{figure}

\lipsum[3-4]

\end{document}

• Hi John Kormylo, thank you for your answer. I will try as soon as possible your code! Dec 7 '21 at 8:50