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I am having issues working with multirow in my table, I cannot figure out how to center a vertical row and how to color all the cells related to it.

I am trying to create this table:

Table and its problems

This is the code that I am using to create the table above:

\usepackage{adjustbox}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[table, x11names]{xcolor}
\usepackage{array}

\newcolumntype{M}[1]{>{\raggedright\arraybackslash}m{#1}}

\begin{table}
\caption{Just a nice table}
\begin{center}
\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{5.5}
\begin{tabular}{|c|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|}
\hline
\multicolumn{2}{|M{2.0cm}|}{name A} & name B & name C & name D & name E & name F\\
\hline
\multirow{2}{*}{\parbox[t]{2mm}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A1}}} & B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\multirow{2}{*}{\parbox[t]{2mm}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A2}}}\cellcolor{blue!25} & B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{center}
\label{tab:multicol}
\end{table}

Probably I am messing it up using \arraystretch regarding the centering problem, but I need to use it because the "Classification" name would go out of the table. Is there a different way to handle it?

The color problem I don't know if there is a function to deal with multiple rows without painting over the written part.

Another problem when I use the multirow is that a white or "ghost" row appears between the colored rows. As you can see below:

enter image description here

Any help would be very welcome.

1
  1. The first \multirow should cover 3 rows instead of 2.
  2. You must color both cells that the second \multirow covers. But then you should put the \multirowin the last row with a negative count to prevent the color overwriting the text (see themultirow` documentation).
  3. You might also have a look at the tabular package which is more powerful for complicated tables (although I wouldn't classify this one as complicated).
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{adjustbox}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[table, x11names]{xcolor}
\usepackage{array}

\newcolumntype{M}[1]{>{\raggedright\arraybackslash}m{#1}}
\begin{document}

\begin{table}
\caption{Just a nice table}
\begin{center}
\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{5.5}
\begin{tabular}{|c|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|}
\hline
\multicolumn{2}{|M{2.0cm}|}{name A} & name B & name C & name D & name E & name F\\
\hline
\multirow{3}{*}{\parbox[t]{2mm}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A1}}} & B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\cellcolor{blue!25} & B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
\multirow{-2}{*}{\parbox[t]{2mm}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A2}}}\cellcolor{blue!25}& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{center}
\label{tab:multicol}
\end{table}

\end{document}

enter image description here

0
2

The first argument of \multirow is for standard (one-lined) rows, so you have to determine, by trial & error the number of equivalent standard rows. Note this number is not necessarily an integer.

For the coloured \multirow, you have to use \cellcolor{…} also in the empty cells covered by the multirow.

Ol also simplified a bit your code; using \parbox is not necessary for the rotated boxes.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{geometry}
\usepackage{adjustbox}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[table, x11names]{xcolor}
\usepackage{array}

\newcolumntype{M}[1]{>{\raggedright\arraybackslash}m{#1}}

\begin{document}

\begin{table}
\caption{Just a nice table}
\begin{center}
\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{5.5}
\begin{tabular}{|c|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|M{2.0cm}|}
\hline
\multicolumn{2}{|M{2.0cm}|}{name A} & name B & name C & name D & name E & name F\\
\hline
\multirow{3.1}{*}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A1}} & B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\cellcolor{blue!25}& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\cline{2-7}
\multirow{-2}{*}{\cellcolor{blue!25} \rotatebox[origin=c]{90}{Classification A2}}& B & C & D & E & F & G\\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{center}
\label{tab:multicol}
\end{table}

\end{document} 

enter image description here

10
  • Thank you, it worked! Just one question regarding the color. When I zoom in on the blue area of the table, there is a white (ghost) row dividing the multirow (between the 2 Bs). This white row crosses the 'a' of "Classification A2". I've added a print in the question, to better understand the problem. Do you know how to solve this?
    – Codewraith
    Dec 1 '21 at 16:10
  • Are you using Acrobat Reader to view the PDF? I have heard that this is an artefact of how PDF viewers do the rounding of pixels and that Acrobat Reader is the only one that does it correctly. Dec 1 '21 at 16:18
  • I am using Overleaf to write my article. I am not sure which PDF reader it uses. The only way to "solve" this problem, is using the nicematrix package, but if there is a way to solve this without an extra package I guess it would be better...
    – Codewraith
    Dec 1 '21 at 16:28
  • 1
    @Codewraith: I've checked. Indeed there remains a very thin padding of the \hhline , which remains uncoloured. Your white lines are to the ], which results from a mistyping. Anyway, there is a simple solution without hhline: replace \cline{2-7} with \noalign{\vskip 0.2pt} \cline{2-7}. On my pdfviewer, there's no white thin line in the first column.
    – Bernard
    Dec 2 '21 at 10:31
  • 1
    @Codewraith: I'm sorry, I mistyped, forgetting the , and forgot to check what I wrote. Actually, in my LaTeX editor, I used $vskip –0.2pt.
    – Bernard
    Dec 3 '21 at 9:31

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