In the following two paragraphs, the line spacing seems to be wider in the bottom paragraph, and I can't for the life of my fathom why:

Paragrahps of text

The code for this part plus a little before and after is

    \noindent\vb{Systems of First-Order Linear ODEs}\\
    %parts omitted for brevity
    \noindent\vb{Sturm-Liouville Theory}\\
    Introduction and motivation to Sturm-Liouville problems, SL eigenvalues problems,
    expanding functions in eigenfunctions, convergence of expansions, applications to non-
    homogeneous BVPs and linear PDEs, transforming ODEs to SL form, singular SL problems and 
    the Bessel equation, solving the wave equation in 2D.
    \noindent\vb{The Laplace Transform}\\
    Introduction to the Laplace transform, calculating the Laplace transform for various
    simple functions and products, using the Laplace transform to solve second-order linear 
    ODEs, and ODEs with discontinuous or impulsive forcing, convolutions, application of 
    convolution theorem to ODEs and integral equations.


Thanks in advance.

  • 2
    why the low level markup \noindent\vb{Systems of First-Order Linear ODEs}\\ instead of a section heading??? You also get warnings about the mis-use of \\ which should never be used at the end of a paragraph. Dec 4, 2021 at 9:56

1 Answer 1


Always include a blank line before ending the scope of a size change. The scope of \smallchanges at the }but the second paragraph has not been set yet so it is set with the baselineskip restored at the }designed for \normalsize, even though it used the small font.

Unrelated but

\noindent\vb{The Laplace Transform}\\

generates warnings due to the mis-use of \\ and does not include any of the features LaTex normaly uses for a heading such as preventing a page break after the heading. It would be better marked up as

\section*{The Laplace Transform}

  • 1
    Adding the blank line at the end of the \small section helps, thank you. Dec 4, 2021 at 10:26

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.