How do I code an indirect citation using the APA style, as here: https://library.csp.edu/c.php?g=982644&p=8146056

(Smith, 2015, as cited in Jonson, 2019).

I want to refer to a figure made by an author with data retrieved from the World Bank.

Thank you

  • This isn’t answerable without telling us what bibliography package you are using.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Dec 8, 2021 at 13:27
  • I use these commands: \usepackage[nameinlink, capitalise, noabbrev]{cleveref} \usepackage{natbib} \bibliographystyle{apalike} Commented Dec 8, 2021 at 14:05

1 Answer 1


The natbib package provides an alternate citation command \citealp for \citep which removes the parentheses but keeps the internal formatting of the citation callout. So to generate the citation you can use two of these commands inside parentheses that you provide manually. There is actually a natbib macro to insert the parentheses: \citetext. The one possible advantage of using it over just typing the parentheses yourself is that it will adjust to the bracket style chosen (round vs square) automatically.


    author = {P Niyogi and Rc Berwick},
    journal = {Linguistics and Philosophy},
    pages = {697-719},
    title = {Evolutionary Consequences of Language Learning},
    volume = {20},
    year = {1997}}

    address = {The Hague},
    author = {Noam Chomsky},
    publisher = {Mouton},
    title = {Syntactic Structures},
    year = {1957}}
This is a citation (\citealp{Chomsky1957} as cited in \citealp{Niyogi1997})
% alternative version:
% \citetext{\citealp{Chomsky1957} as cited in \citealp{Niyogi1997}}

output of code

  • I would use \citetext instead of a parenthesis. \citetext{\citealp{Chomsky1957} as cited in \citealp{Niyogi1997}}.
    – Denis
    Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 8:05
  • @Denis Thanks. I was unaware of that macro (mainly using biblatex these days). I've updated the answer to show both versions.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 16:35

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