I want to cite some lecture notes in my thesis where the main and only source is a webpage (including some PDFs which are the lecture notes).

I am using Bibtex.

I tried @webpage, like:

    Author = {Rajeev Alur and Thomas A. Henzinger},
    Date-Added = {2012-07-10 03:24:13 +0000},
    Date-Modified = {2012-07-10 03:30:02 +0000},
    Institution = {MTC EPFL},
    Lastchecked = {2012-07-10},
    Title = {Computer-Aided Verification},
    Url = {http://mtc.epfl.ch/courses/CAV_WS2004/},
    Year = {2004}}

in my bib-file but that gave me the warning Warning--entry type for "CAVR112" isn't style-file defined and the URL was not shown in the bibliography section (\bibliographystyle{alpha} \bibliography{bibliography}).

I also tried @misc but the URL is also not shown. As the URL is quite important for this source, I want to have it shown but I'm not sure what bibtex entry type I should use.

Just found this very related question. It works by using howpublished = {\url{...}}. Not sure if I should close this as duplicate or if my other questions are relevant (e.g. I'm still not sure about the entry type here...).

  • 2
    In addition to the provided answers, if your bst do not support url and you are forced to use that bst, you can use the field note, as for example: note = {\url{...}},
    – JLDiaz
    Commented Jul 10, 2012 at 8:52

2 Answers 2


http://www.ctan.org/pkg/urlbst has a collection of bibtex styles that have support for webpage, url and lastchecked entry types.

the bundle also provides a script that will edit an existing .bst to offer those entry types.

the incidental text in the styles is in english (herbert's suggested styles are in german).



has BibTeX style files which know the entry type url= {...} for article, book, aso Save one of the styles into your local $TEXMF, eg /usr/local/texlive/texmf.local/bibtex/bst/ and run texhash. In your document use \usepackage {url} if you do not load hyperref

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