I am trying to figure out how to reference a paper that has been submitted for publication using the following required format (consider this example):

[1] Author 1, Author 2, and Author 3, "Proof of Pythagoras's theorem", submitted for publication to Conference in Pure Mathematics May 2022

How can we create a bibtex entry in this format?

  • Welcome to TeX.SE.
    – Mico
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:13
  • Which bibliography style do you employ?
    – Mico
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:13
  • Is it crucial that the publication's title be surrounded by quotation marks?
    – Mico
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:20
  • Hello, thank you very much!, the style I am using is abbrv. Moreover, it is curcial for the publication title to have these quotation mark. @Mico
    – UserX
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:24
  • If it's crucial to encase the title in quotation marks, you are out of luck with the abbrv bib style.
    – Mico
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:30

1 Answer 1


In what follows, I will assume that it's not crucial for the publication's title to be surrounded by quotation marks.

If this assumption is valid, you could employ the natbib citation package with the option numbers, load the abbrvnat bib style, and choose the @misc entry type the entry in question. Alternatively, I suppose you could employ the cite citation management package and the abbrv bib style.

  author = {Author~1 and Author~2 and Author~3},
  title  = {Proof of the {Pythagorean} theorem},
  note   = {Submitted for publication to \emph{Conference 
            in Pure Mathematics} May 2022}

This setup should work with any bib style that can create numeric-style citation call-outs, and not just the abbrvnat and abbrv bib styles.

  • Thank you for your answer, it solves 99% of the question except that I wasn't aware that inserting quotation marks would be challenging in bibtex but then again bibtex is a pain in the...
    – UserX
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:34
  • @SofiaYaseveya - It's not challenging if you use a suitable bib style. Unfortunately, abbrv is not one of them. I guess you could use a kludge such as title = {``{Proof} of the {Pythagorean} theorem''}, i.e., hard-code the quotation marks. I wouldn't do it, though.
    – Mico
    Aug 4, 2022 at 14:36

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