For using latex with different languages' what does one do? I want to write versions of the same paragraphs in different languages. Have installed texlive, auctex, and have seen some examples using babel (although babel was used to specify a single language).

I use lualatex to make the pdf file.

  • lualatex and xelatex I think using pollyglossia and not babel, So, \usepackage{pollyglossia} and then \setmainlanguage{english} and \setotherlanguage{italian} would be sufficient. You can change between languages by using \begin{italian} and \end{italian} etc. (XeLaTeX actually needs pollyglossia... lualatex possibly can handle both... not sure)
    – koleygr
    Sep 2, 2022 at 11:03
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    Surely you can use babel with lualatex and xelatex. You can declare the languages you want as options when loading the package and then you can use commands \selectlanguage or` \foreignlanguage` to call any language you declared except with the last one declared in options which is the default. For example when loading the package \usepackage[english,french,greek]{babel}, Greek is the default language and English and French are the foreign secondary languages which you can call as mentioned before.
    – miltos
    Sep 2, 2022 at 11:25
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    @koleygr Babel fully supports pdflatex, xelatex and lualatex. Please, see the manual (raw.githubusercontent.com/latex3/babel/v.3.79/babel.pdf) and the babel site (latex3.github.io/babel). Sep 2, 2022 at 15:13
  • Thank you ... just remembered that I had decided to go on with polyglossia many years before for some reasons that had to do with greek. Thank you.
    – koleygr
    Sep 2, 2022 at 16:15
  • There are many examples here. For example, tex.stackexchange.com/a/513667/5735 . The babel manual (linked above) contains many examples (eg, in sec 1.2) and there are full document samples in the GitHub repository: github.com/latex3/babel/tree/main/samples . Sep 3, 2022 at 6:30

1 Answer 1


Here is an example:

% !TeX program = lualatex
\setmainfont{STIX Two Text}\setsansfont{FiraSans}\setmonofont{Consolas}
    Αυτά είναι Ελληνικά
    \selectlanguage{english} This is in English
    Αυτή είναι η προεπιλεγμένη γλώσσα = \selectlanguage{english} This is the default language
    \selectlanguage{greek} Ελληνικά και πάλι!=\selectlanguage{french} Grec encore !
    \foreignlanguage{english}{This sentence is in English}
    \selectlanguage{french} C' est la vie!
    \foreignlanguage{french}{Je suis...}
    Και μετά συνεχίζεις στην προεπιλεγμένη γλώσσα.=\foreignlanguage{french}{Et puis vous continuez dans la langue par défaut.}=\foreignlanguage{english}{And then you continue in the default language.}

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