I am trying to get the following:

....United States of America (USA, Example et al., 2017). So I would like to have an abbreviation as normal text and a citation within one bracket unfortunately I cannot make it work.

I have tried: \citep{{USA},example2017} but that results in (USA; (?) I have tried different variations with and without ,

Can someone help me? I am using the package \usepackage[natbibapa]{apacite}

  • You probably want to use the optional arguments to \citep, something like \citep[USA,][]{example2017}, but it's a little unclear what kind of "abbreviation" this is. Is this arbitrary text, or a \citealias abbreviation, or something else? A minimal working example would help. What does \citep{example2017} by itself generate?
    – frabjous
    Sep 3, 2022 at 17:27
  • Thank you so much! \citep[USA,][]{example2017} this worked!
    – Grace
    Sep 5, 2022 at 8:43

1 Answer 1


I believe this may work if you are alright with hand-typing the ‘USA’ every time that you cite.

The cite command has a built in option that can be used, in my experience, for adding page numbers: \cite[pagenumber]{source}. So, in your example, if you were to type

As per a study conducted in the United States of America \cite[U.S.A.]{example2017}...

where example2017 is the title of one of the entries in the .bib, then it should output:

As per a study conducted in the United States of America (JohnDoe, 2017, U.S.A.)...

I hope this helped.

  • Probably worth mentioning that \cite takes two optional arguments, and if you use both, the first one goes before the citation info and the second goes after. This is usually used like \cite[see also][pagenumber]{citekey}, but here it could be used to put the USA before the citation, \cite[USA,][]{citekey} to get (USA, JoneDoe, 2017) as in the OP's question.
    – frabjous
    Sep 5, 2022 at 15:43

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