I am using the IEEE template in Overleaf and it show a indentation after the ninth reference at the first line as demonstrated below

enter image description here

Here is the documentclass and packages that I exploited


Meanwhile, I wrote the references at the end of the manuscript as

S. Jin and S. Roy, “FMCW radar network: Multiple access and interference mitigation," \emph{IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process.}, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 968--979, Jun. 2021.

C. H. Cox and E. I. Ackerman, “Review of radar system needs, and performance of techniques, for STAR," in \emph{Proc. IEEE Radar Conf.}, Mar. 2022.

M. Heino, J. Marin, K. Hiltunen, and T. Riihonen, “On the prospects of in-band full-duplex radios as monostatic continuous-wave noise radars," in \emph{Proc. IEEE Radar Conf.}, Mar. 2022.

A. Sabharwal, P. Schniter, D. Guo, D. W. Bliss, S. Rangarajan, and R. Wichman, “In-band full-duplex wireless: Challenges and opportunities," \emph{IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.}, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1637--1652, Sep. 2014.

Y. Hua, “Advanced properties of full-duplex radio for securing wireless network," \emph{IEEE Trans. Signal Process.}, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 120--135, Jan. 2019.

A. Yadav, O. A. Dobre, and H. V. Poor, “Is self-interference in full-duplex communications a foe or a friend?," \emph{IEEE Signal Process. Lett.}, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 951--955, Jul. 2018. 

C. B. Barneto, S. D. Liyanaarachchi, M. Heino, T. Riihonen, and M. Valkama, “Full duplex radio/radar technology: The enabler for advanced joint communication and sensing," \emph{IEEE Wireless Commun.}, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 82--88, Feb. 2021.

K. V. Mishra, M. R. Bhavani Shankar, V. Koivunen, B. Ottersten, and S. A. Vorobyov, “Toward millimeter-wave joint radar communications: A signal processing perspective,” \emph{IEEE Signal Process. Mag.}, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 100--114, Sep. 2019.

J. A. Zhang \emph{et al.}, “An overview of signal processing techniques for joint communication and radar sensing," \emph{IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process.}, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1295--1315, Nov. 2021.

K. E. Kolodziej, J. P. Doane, B. T. Perry, and J. S. Herd, “Adaptive beamforming for multi-function in-band full-duplex applications," \emph{IEEE Wireless Commun.}, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 28--35, Feb. 2021.

A. Hovsepian, S. B. Venkatakrishnan, E. A. Alwan and J. L. Volakis, “Wideband beam steering using a 4-arm spiral array for simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) operation," in \emph{Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Antennas Propaga. USNC/URSI Nat. Radio Sci. Meet.}, 2018, pp. 1915--1916.

1 Answer 1


Change \begin{thebibliography}{1} to \begin{thebibliography}{99}.

The parameter after the \begin{thebibliography} command defines how much space to reserve for the number of labels. {99} tells LaTeX to expect that none of the bibliography item numbers will be wider than the number 99.

  • Really thanks! It works!
    – tyrela
    Sep 20 at 3:13
  • Hi, could you add to your answer a short explanation as to why this solves the problem? What does the second input do?
    – Elad Den
    Sep 20 at 6:27
  • @EladDen the number in the environment argument is supposed to be the largest (in sense of width) number used in the list; it is used to calculate the amount of indentation.
    – Rmano
    Sep 20 at 7:06
  • 2
    @EladDen I have add explanation to answer.
    – Clara
    Sep 20 at 7:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.