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I have the references written as

\bibitem{wang}
Z.-Y. Wang, Y. -T. Gou, J. -X. Hou, L. -K. Cao, X.-H. Wang,  
Probabilistic Resumable Quantum Teleportation of a Two-Qubit 
Entangled State. Entropy , 21, 352 (2019).

and in the main document of my thesis I use

\usepackage{biblatex}
\addbibresource{example.bib}
\usepackage[autosttyle=true]{csquotes}

it gives an error

I removed all usepackage related to biblatex and also \printbibliography~ ~just before end document in the main file. and I write the bibligraphy in the last chapter of my thesis, but I have the references written as [wang] instead of numerical format [1] when I use \cite{wang}.

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  • 2
    You can't use biblatex with manual \bibitem entries: are you perhaps wanting to simply do everything by hand?
    – Joseph Wright
    Oct 26, 2022 at 10:32
  • yes I want to use bibitem
    – soumia
    Oct 26, 2022 at 10:35
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    In this case, do not load biblatex
    – Joseph Wright
    Oct 26, 2022 at 10:42
  • should i remove all usepackage related to biblatex from the main file?
    – soumia
    Oct 26, 2022 at 10:57

1 Answer 1

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If you want to format the bibliography -- contained in the environment thebibliography environment -- by hand, there's no role for the biblatex package.

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  • I removed all usepackage related to biblatex and also \printbibliography~ ~just before end document. and i write the bibligraphy in the last chapter of my thesis, but I have the references written as [Bennet] instead of numerical format [1]
    – soumia
    Oct 26, 2022 at 11:13
  • @soumia - Your comment is not straightforward to interpret, as you're not exactly providing a lot of usable information. In your initial posting, you describe a \bibitem with key wang. But in the comment, you mention something about an entry named [Bennet]. Please start by stating how the wang entry is formatted at present. Is there any connection between the wang and bennet entries? Do please show the \bibitem that generates [Bennet] instead of [1]. Please also state if you load a package such as cite or natbib.
    – Mico
    Oct 26, 2022 at 11:31
  • I removed all usepackage related to biblatex and also \printbibliography~ ~just before end document in the main file. and I write the bibligraphy in the last chapter of my thesis, but I have the references written as [wang] instead of numerical format [1] when I use \cite{wang}.
    – soumia
    Oct 26, 2022 at 11:50
  • @soumia - I still have virtually no idea what you're actually doing, as opposed to being informed about the things you're not doing. Thus, do please reveal what exactly you're doing to generate a citation call-out of the form [wang]. Are all \bibitem entries embedded in a thebibliography environment? Please also confirm that your document does not load either the cite or the natbib package. Aside: Neither cite nor natbib are "related to biblatex".
    – Mico
    Oct 26, 2022 at 13:26
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    @soumia biblatex will show the bold entry key if a citation is not found. All other BibTeX-based solutions that I know of show a question mark. So if you still get a bold "[wang]" from \cite{wang} it stands to reason that your document still somehow loads biblatex. Make sure that you have removed all references to biblatex. Check your preamble and also have a look at the files that might be included in your preamble.
    – moewe
    Oct 26, 2022 at 13:58

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