# Vertical Alignment in multirow using cells with >1 lines

I want to vertically align (best would be to center) the text ("TEST") in the left (yellow) column of the following table. It works fine with multirow when every row has exactly the hight of one line:

\documentclass[ngerman,a4paper,12pt,pdftex]{report}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{rotating}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage{longtable}
\usepackage{colortbl}

\begin{document}
\begin{longtable}{|p{0.025\textwidth}|p{0.775\textwidth}|>{\centering arraybackslash}m{0.2\textwidth}|}
& \textbf{foo} & \textbf{bar} \\
\hline
\hline
& \textbf{foo} & \textbf{bar} \\
\hline
\hline
\cellcolor{yellow}& short text & 1 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 2 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 3 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 4 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 5 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 6 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 7 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 8\\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 9 \\
\cline{2-3}
\multirow{-10}{*}{\cellcolor{yellow}\begin{sideways}TEST\end{sideways}}  & short text &  10 \\
\hline
\end{longtable}

\end{document}


When there is a long text in one of the cells, the text of the left cell ("TEST") is aligned somewhere:

\documentclass[ngerman,a4paper,12pt,pdftex]{report}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}

\usepackage{rotating}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage{longtable}
\usepackage{colortbl}

\begin{document}
\begin{longtable}{|p{0.025\textwidth}|p{0.775\textwidth}|>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{0.2\textwidth}|}
& \textbf{foo} & \textbf{bar} \\
\hline
\hline
& \textbf{foo} & \textbf{bar} \\
\hline
\hline
\cellcolor{yellow}& short text & 1 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & medium text ........ ....... ....... ....  ........ ....... ....... .... ........ ....... ....... ....needs two lines & 2 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 3 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 4 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & medium text ........ ....... ....... ....  ........ ....... ....... .... ........ ....... ....... ....needs two lines & 5 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & very long text ....... ......... ........ ....... ....... ....... ........ ............. ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... ....... ....... ........ ...... needs lots of lines & 6 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 7 \\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & medium text ........ ....... ....... ....  ........ ....... ....... .... ........ ....... ....... ....needs two lines & 8\\
\cline{2-3}
\cellcolor{yellow} & short text & 9 \\
\cline{2-3}
\multirow{-10}{*}{\cellcolor{yellow}\begin{sideways}TEST\end{sideways}}  & short text &  10 \\
\hline
\end{longtable}

\end{document}


How can I align the text of the left column in the second example?

• Is your tabular really a longtable which could break across pages? If yes what should happen if the page break is at the places of TEST? – Ulrike Fischer Aug 10 '12 at 8:02
• It's a two page table which I break manually after the "TEST" section using the \newpage command – Philipp Aug 10 '12 at 8:05
• Here are the images of the two tables (I am not allowed to add them in the question) dropbox.com/s/z24or3i6795w3vk/test1.png and dropbox.com/s/exdfcvfw9q9dr5c/test2.png – Philipp Aug 10 '12 at 8:10
• In general I try to avoid multirow. I would in your case probably use tikz with [remember picture] to place nodes in the corners and then connect them. But it would be some fine tuning to get the size correct. Another way is to nest tabulars, but this could get a bit difficult due to the headers. Beside this I would much less lines ;-). – Ulrike Fischer Aug 10 '12 at 9:02

From my experience multirow is not capable of a correct vertical alignment, if it spans multi-line cells. You can, however, adjust the alignment manually using the fixup-parameter:

% \multirow{nrows}[bigstruts]{width}[fixup]{text}
\multirow{-10}{*}[3em]{\cellcolor{yellow}\begin{sideways}TEST\end{sideways}}


Other possibilities for solving this problem are discussed in "Centering mutirow text in a table whose cells contain several lines of text" and "How can I achieve proper vertical spacing for long blocks of text within a \multirow?".

• thx - it's not the solution I hoped but it seems the best way to use the fixup-parameter – Philipp Aug 14 '12 at 9:17

I also solved it with a quick fix: combining a parbox with a vspace within multirow

\multirow{5}{*}{\parbox{1\linewidth}{\vspace{1cm} something something}}


This table is easy and straight forward to produce using cals. Nothing special, only standard commands:

\documentclass[a4paper, 11pt]{article}
\usepackage{cals, xcolor, rotating}
\usepackage[margin=2.5cm]{geometry}

\let\nc=\nullcell                                                  % Shortcuts
\let\sc=\spancontent

\begin{document}

\begin{calstable}

% Defining 3 column relativ to each other and relativ to the margins
\colwidths{{\dimexpr(\columnwidth)/1000*100\relax}
{\dimexpr(\columnwidth)/1000*775\relax}
{\dimexpr(\columnwidth)/1000*125\relax}
}
% The tabular fills the text area

% Set up the tabular
\makeatletter
\def\cals@framers@width{0.4pt}   % Outside frame rules, reduce if the rule is too heavy
\def\cals@framecs@width{0.4pt}
\def\cals@bodyrs@width{0.4pt}
\cals@setcellprevdepth{Al}
\def\cals@cs@width{0.4pt}        % Inside rules, reduce if the rule is too heavy
\def\cals@rs@width{0.4pt}
\def\cals@bgcolor{}

\def\yellow{\ifx\cals@bgcolor\empty % Define colour on-off switch
\def\cals@bgcolor{yellow!30}
\else \def\cals@bgcolor{} \fi}

\def\tb{\ifx\cals@borderT\relax     % Top border switch (off-on)
\def\cals@borderT{0pt}
\else \let\cals@borderT\relax\fi}

\def\bb{\ifx\cals@borderB\relax     % Botton border switch (off-on)
\def\cals@borderB{0pt}
\else \let\cals@borderB\relax\fi}

\def\rb{\ifx\cals@borderR\relax     % Right border switch (off-on)
\def\cals@borderR{0pt}
\else \let\cals@borderR\relax\fi}

\def\lb{\ifx\cals@borderL\relax     % Left border switch (off-on)
\def\cals@borderL{0pt}
\else \let\cals@borderL\relax\fi}

% H1
\bfseries
\brow
\yellow\nc{tlr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{Foo}
\alignC\cell{Bar}
\erow
\mdseries
}
% R1
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{1}
\erow
% R2 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{2}
\erow
% R3 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{3}
\erow
% R4 Body
\brow
\yellow \nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{4}
\erow
% R5 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{5}
\erow
% R6 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{6}
\erow
% R7 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{7}
\erow
% R8 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{8}
\erow
% R9 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{lr}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{9}
\erow
% R10 Body
\brow
\yellow\nc{blr}\alignC\sc{\vfil\begin{sideways}TEST\end{sideways}}\yellow
\alignL\cell{short text}
\alignC\cell{10}
\erow
\makeatletter
\end{calstable}\par % \par needed to align the tabular

\end{document}