12

I'm referring to this symbol I find every now and then, in a book, to separate the first few initial paragraphs of a chapter from the rest.

enter image description here

7
  • 7
    This isn't a math symbol. Properly, it's a "fleuron". There was an article in TUGboat that covers that topic. Although this exact symbol isn't included there, the article is worth reading as an introduction to the concept. Dec 7, 2022 at 22:09
  • 1
    Related: PRL style horizontal line in Latex
    – Werner
    Dec 7, 2022 at 23:01
  • Obligatory link to the One True Symbols List Dec 8, 2022 at 14:09
  • @jessexknight, impressively the symbol I'm asking about might not be there. At least I'm pretty sure it's not listed as a fleuron.
    – Enlico
    Dec 9, 2022 at 8:11
  • @Enlico Blasphemy! Dec 9, 2022 at 12:51

2 Answers 2

34

It's hard to judge the scale of your fleuron, but you can design something similar using the TikZ calligraphy library.

In the code below, the \pen command defines the angle (30°) and width (2mm) of a "calligraphic pen". The \calligraphy command works like \draw except using the defined pen. You can adjust the design however you like.

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{calligraphy}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\pen (0,0) -- (30:.2);
\calligraphy (0,0) to[out=30, in=210] ++(2,0)
            (30:.25)to[out=30, in=210] ++(2,0);
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

You may want to put this into a macro so you can use it repeatedly throughout the book. You can adjust the spacing above and below.

enter image description here

Change the scale factor to adjust size.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz, lipsum}
\usetikzlibrary{calligraphy}

\newcommand{\myfleuron}{\vspace{5mm}% <-- additional space above
    {\centering
    \tikz[baseline=-.68ex, scale=.15] % <-- adjust size of fleuron here]
    {\pen (0,0) -- (30:.2);
    \calligraphy (-1,0) to[out=30, in=210] ++(2,0)([xshift=-1cm]30:.25)to[out=30, in=210] ++(2,0);}
    \par}\vspace{5mm}% <-- additional space below
}

\begin{document}

\lipsum[2]

\myfleuron

\lipsum[3]

\end{document}
0
7

I used only PDF primitive operations to create the symbol. \pdfliteral primitive from pdftex is used. We need not TikZ.

The symbol: \pdfliteral{q 1 0 0 .8 5 0 cm
   0 0 m 20 10 40 10 50 0 c 60 -10 80 -10 90 -5 c
   70 -15 50 -12 40 0 c 30 12 15 5 0 0 c h f
   .8 0 0 1 -5 -3 cm
   0 0 m 20 10 40 10 50 0 c 60 -10 80 -10 90 -10 c
   70 -15 50 -12 40 0 c 30 12 15 5 0 0 c h f
Q}

\bye

listecky

0

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .