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I am trying to hyphenate some texts in Ancient Greek in order to count the number of unique syllables (so I want to have every word forcefully hyphenated). I have read that hyphenation patterns in Latex work well with https://ctan.org/pkg/elhyphen, and the examples I saw in the documentation are actually correctly hyphenated.

However, when I try to hyphenate myself (in TexShop), I get a very poor result. I am very new to Latex and probably doing something wrong. Here is the code I use

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[LGR]{fontenc}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek]{babel}

\usepackage{multicol}

% very narrow columns!
\columnsep=2cm
\textwidth=\dimexpr7\columnsep+8pt\relax
\hfuzz=\maxdimen

\begin{document}
\begin{greektext}
\begin{multicols}{8}

Ὅτι μὲν ὑμεῖς, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, πεπόνθατε ὑπὸ τῶν 
ἐμῶν κατηγόρων, οὐκ οἶδα· ἐγὼ δ' οὖν καὶ αὐτὸς ὑπ' αὐτῶν 
ὀλίγου ἐμαυτοῦ ἐπελαθόμην, οὕτω πιθανῶς ἔλεγον. 

\end{multicols}{8}
\end{greektext}
\end{document}

And here is the output I get (most word hyphenated incorrectly, some of errors marked):enter image description here

I have tried to use the available hyphenation patterns to hyphenate in R (here's my solution https://stackoverflow.com/questions/75043053/hyphenation-for-ancient-greek-in-r), but the result is equally poor. What am I doing wrong? Are there any patterns I am missing?

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1 Answer 1

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enter image description here

You can get more extensive patterns using a Unicode TeX.

This is with LuaLaTeX:

\documentclass{article}
%\usepackage[LGR]{fontenc}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{Times New Roman}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek]{babel}

\usepackage{multicol}

% very narrow columns!
\columnsep=2cm
\textwidth=\dimexpr7\columnsep+8pt\relax
\hfuzz=\maxdimen

\begin{document}

\begin{multicols}{8}

Ὅτι μὲν ὑμεῖς, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, πεπόνθατε ὑπὸ τῶν 
ἐμῶν κατηγόρων, οὐκ οἶδα· ἐγὼ δ' οὖν καὶ αὐτὸς ὑπ' αὐτῶν 
ὀλίγου ἐμαυτοῦ ἐπελαθόμην, οὕτω πιθανῶς ἔλεγον. 

\end{multicols}

\end{document}

or with 1sp columns to make sure you catch all hyphens

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
%\usepackage[LGR]{fontenc}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{Times New Roman}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek]{babel}

\usepackage{multicol}

% very narrow columns!
\columnsep=2cm
\textwidth=\dimexpr7\columnsep+8sp\relax
\hfuzz=\maxdimen
\parindent=0pt

\begin{document}

\begin{multicols}{8}

Ὅτι μὲν ὑμεῖς, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, πεπόνθατε ὑπὸ τῶν 
ἐμῶν κατηγόρων, οὐκ οἶδα· ἐγὼ δ' οὖν καὶ αὐτὸς ὑπ' αὐτῶν 
ὀλίγου ἐμαυτοῦ ἐπελαθόμην, οὕτω πιθανῶς ἔλεγον. 

\end{multicols}

\end{document}
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  • 1
    I was thinking to pack the text into \showhyphens, but this is slicker. Are you sure the columns are narrow enough though? I'm not literate in ancient Greek, but I would have thought the last item in the first column could be hyphenated, although there may not be a relevant pattern. Commented Jan 7, 2023 at 22:06
  • @barbarabeeton yes I wondered about that, a column width of 1sp is safer. Commented Jan 7, 2023 at 22:10
  • @barbarabeeton updated Commented Jan 7, 2023 at 22:14
  • 1
    @DavidCarlisle Wow, yes, it is now 100% correct! Thank you so much for your help. Commented Jan 7, 2023 at 22:38
  • @DavidCarlisle this is just to let you know that I acknowledge your help in the published paper pdcnet.org/ancientphil/content/… (note 49) Commented May 2 at 11:21

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