# How do I create a pen that only draws on the right side of the path?

Let's say I have a path that represents the inside dimensions of a room. I would like to draw a thin line representing that inside space. But I would also like to draw the thickness of the walls. The naive way would be to do this where I manually add and subtract the thickness of wall assuming the pen draws on both sides of the path (that is why I have to divide the thickness by 2).

``````ft = 1cm;
wall_depth = 0.5ft;

% Draw the measured room outline
pickup pensquare scaled 1bp;
draw (0,0)--(26ft,0)--(26ft,27.5ft)--(0,27.5ft)--cycle;

% Draw in the thickness of the walls
pickup pensquare scaled 0.5ft;
t = wall_depth / 2;
draw (0-t,0-t)--(26ft+t,0-t)--(26ft+t,27.5ft+t)--(0-t,27.5ft+t)--cycle withcolor .8 white;
``````

It seems like I should be able to define a pen that only draws on the right side of the path allowing me to force the thickness to the outside of the path. Can I do this?

Alternatively I would love to be able to just tell Metapost to magically add a thick wall on the outside of my thin polygon, but I'm assuming that I can't do that.

• Clipping the path against itself is the usual way to do this, don't know how to do this in metapost Jan 12, 2023 at 18:48
• You may find this relevant: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/516378/… Jan 12, 2023 at 21:32

Something like this (a bit like Andrew is suggesting) could be one way, but it depends a bit on what you really want. The construction is just to get a random polygon (that might be MetaFun, but you have your path).

The top example (first image) draws the path in yellow with a wide pen, and then fills the path with blue (with transparency, to see the overlap).

The bottom example is the one with drawing to the right. First we draw the path in darkred, then we unfill the path (that is the important thing to do, but require closed paths, as you seem to have). Then we also draw the path in darkblue, just to show that what is left of the darkred drawn path is to the right.

I use ConTeXT, so the code below is a complete ConTeXt document (can be run with `context`). But the important MetaPost code is the same...

``````\startMPpage[offset=1dk]
u:=1in ;

path p ; p := unspiked circularpath(3) randomized 0.3 scaled u ;

draw image(
draw p withpen pencircle scaled 2mm withcolor yellow ;
fill p withcolor blue withtransparency(2,0.5) ;
) ;

draw image(
draw p withpen pencircle scaled 2mm withcolor darkred ;
unfill p ;
draw p withcolor darkblue ;
) xshifted 1.5u ;

\stopMPpage
``````

• Oh yeah! Not sure what I was thinking but I forgot that the fill would be from the path on in, rather than the stroke on in. Yes indeed these are all going to be closed paths (until I unfill the places where the doors go) Jan 12, 2023 at 19:30
• If you wanted sharp corners on the outer path, try adding `linejoin := 0;` before drawing it. Jan 12, 2023 at 19:40
• Yes, even `withlinejoin mitered` works here, but maybe that is not official. Jan 12, 2023 at 20:05