Is there a difference between the two shorthands "= and "- defined by babel-swedish? While they evidently are defined differently, I fail to find a difference in their descriptions or a case where they differ.

They are defined and in the documentation described as

  • \declare@shorthand{swedish}{"=}{\hbox{-}\allowhyphens} 'an explicit hyphen sign allowing subsequent hyphenation, for expressions such as “studiebidrag och -lån”.'
  • \declare@shorthand{swedish}{"-}{\nobreak-\bbl@allowhyphens} 'an explicit hyphen sign, allowing hyphenation in the rest of the word, such as e. g. in “x"-axeln”'
  • @Mico From what I can tell this is not the case. For example, generalsekreterare"=generalsekreterare and generalsekreterare"-generalsekreterare are hyphenated identically.
    – Fredrik P
    Jan 22, 2023 at 23:10
  • I've deleted my earlier comment.
    – Mico
    Jan 22, 2023 at 23:56

1 Answer 1


I get clearly different hyphenation from both when compiling with pdflatex:



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With lualatex both hyphenate the same:

enter image description here

  • Alright! I didn't try different engines.
    – Fredrik P
    Jan 23, 2023 at 15:07
  • hyphenation across engines is "interesting" ;-) Jan 23, 2023 at 15:10

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