# Increase spacing after minipage

Hello i am using a line of code to draw 2 equations next to eachother using \minipage{}:

\begin{minipage}{0.5\textwidth}
\small
$$\label{e3} \begin{split} \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} - \frac{\mathrm d} {\mathrm d t}(ut)\\ \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} - u \, \frac{\mathrm d}{\mathrm d t}(t)\\ \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} - u \, \frac{\mathrm d t}{\mathrm d t}\\ v' &= v - u \end{split}$$
\end{minipage}
\begin{minipage}{0.5\textwidth}
\small
$$\label{e4} \begin{split} \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} + \frac{\mathrm d}{\mathrm d t}(ut)\\ \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} + u \, \frac{\mathrm d}{\mathrm d t}(t)\\ \frac{\mathrm d x}{\mathrm d t} &= \frac{\mathrm d x'}{\mathrm d t} + u \, \frac{\mathrm d t}{\mathrm d t}\\ v &= v' + u \end{split}$$
\end{minipage}


After compiling, using PDFLaTeX i get a resulting document which looks like this:

What can i do to increase vertical spacing after minipage, which is very small? I would also like to know, how can i take care of an annoying \small comand which i have to put inside every \minipage{} for my equations to look smaller? Can it be done in preamble?

Thank you.

• I've updated my answer with a possible solution. Commented Aug 28, 2012 at 0:12

Below there's one possible solution; the key ideas were:

1. I used the solution given in How to keep a constant baselineskip when using minipages (or \parboxes)? to guarantee spacing after the minipages.

2. Before the minipages I used \smallskip\nointerlinespacing.

3. I defined a newenvironment sminipage (to apply \small inside minipage); the optional argument (set by default to t) controls the alignment of the minipage and the mandatory argument sets the width of the minipage.

1. I removed the spurious blank space after the first \end{minipage}.

2. I defined a \Pder command to facilitate the writing of the partial derivatives.

The idea was to obtain (approximately) the same spacing around the equations inside the minipage as the one used for regular equations not inside a minipage (I added a regular equation environment at the end just for comparison purposes):

    \documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[nopar]{lipsum}% just to generate text for the example

\newcommand\Pder[2]{%
\frac{\mathrm{d}#1}{\mathrm{d}#2}}

\newenvironment{sminipage}[2][t]
{\minipage[t]{#2}\small}
{\endminipage}

\begin{document}

\lipsum*[4]\par\smallskip\nointerlineskip
\noindent\begin{sminipage}[t]{0.5\textwidth}
$$\label{e3} \begin{split} \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - \Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (ut) \\ \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - u\,\Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (t) \\ \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - u\,\Pder{t}{t} \\ v' &= v - u \end{split}$$
\end{sminipage}%
\begin{sminipage}{0.5\textwidth}
$$\label{e4} \begin{split} \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - \Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (ut) \\ \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - u\,\Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (t) \\ \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - u\,\Pder{t}{t} \\ v &= v' + u \end{split}$$\null
\par\xdef\tpd{\the\prevdepth}
\end{sminipage}

\prevdepth\tpd
\noindent\lipsum[2]
$$a=b$$
\lipsum[4]

\end{document}


I defined now (as was requested in a comment) a new environment eqmpage which basically is a top aligned minipage with constant width of \linewidth which automates all the preparations mentioned above:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[nopar]{lipsum}% just to generate text for the example

\newcommand\Pder[2]{%
\frac{\mathrm{d}#1}{\mathrm{d}#2}}

\newenvironment{sminipage}[2][t]
{\minipage[t]{#2}\small}
{\endminipage}

\newenvironment{eqmpage}
{\par\smallskip\nointerlineskip%
\noindent\minipage[t]{\textwidth}}
{\par\xdef\tpd{\the\prevdepth}\endminipage\par\prevdepth\tpd}

\begin{document}

\lipsum*[4]

\begin{eqmpage}
\begin{sminipage}[t]{0.5\textwidth}
$$\label{e3} \begin{split} \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - \Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (ut) \\ \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - u\,\Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (t) \\ \Pder{x'}{t} &= \Pder{x}{t} - u\,\Pder{t}{t} \\ v' &= v - u \end{split}$$
\end{sminipage}%
\begin{sminipage}{0.5\textwidth}
$$\label{e4} \begin{split} \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - \Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (ut) \\ \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - u\,\Pder{\phantom{x}}{t} (t) \\ \Pder{x}{t} &= \Pder{x'}{t} - u\,\Pder{t}{t} \\ v &= v' + u \end{split}$$\null
\end{sminipage}
\end{eqmpage}
\noindent\lipsum[2]
$$a=b$$
\lipsum[4]

\end{document}

• But this still has to have \small written in each minipage environment every time which is part of the problem of the OP. From what I understand, OP likes to have this thing taken care of in the preamble. Commented Aug 27, 2012 at 6:47
• @hpesoj626 I've updated my answer. Commented Aug 27, 2012 at 11:59
• Nice. I am trying to learn how to write packages and this example helps a lot. Thanks. Commented Aug 28, 2012 at 0:16
• I love the idea about partial derivatives TY!
– 71GA
Commented Aug 28, 2012 at 17:03
• @71GA You're welcome! I'm glad I could help. Commented Aug 28, 2012 at 17:10

You can make use of the command \bigskip or \medskip.

If you will always use the same size, you can define

\def\bmp{\begin{minipage}{0.48\linewidth}\small}
\def\emp{\end{minipage}\smallskip}


for begin and end. Note the use of 48% for the width. You can change. You just need to put some \hfill between them.

\bmp \emp
\hfill
\bmp \emp
% this paragraph is important

text here....

• For some reason this doesnt work. Makes absolutely no change to my document.
– 71GA
Commented Aug 26, 2012 at 19:57
• @71GA: Write \bmp$$...$$\emp instead of \begin{minipage}$$...$$\end{minipage} Commented Aug 26, 2012 at 23:43
• @Sigur: Maybe editing the answer so that the modified MWE with your solution is shown will help. Commented Aug 27, 2012 at 0:10
• I know. The problem is that you should use 2 consecutive, to produce the 2 minipage side by side. But the \par does not allow this. I am thinking about. Commented Aug 27, 2012 at 11:32

I have upvoted @Sigur's answer. But you might also want to look at genmpage package. It adds additional options to your minipage environment and you can also write the options in the preamble.

To set your minipage text to small, put the following into your preamble:

\usepackage{genmpage}
\setkeys{GenMP}{resetfont,fsize=small,inner=s}


Then write your minipage environment as you usually do and you can use \medskip and \bigskip as suggested by @Sigur.