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I'm trying to set a book in polytonic Greek with English sprinkled here and there throughout, but for some reason, when I try to switch to English, the characters stay Greek. Here's a MWE:

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage[LGR]{fontenc}
\usepackage[greek,english]{babel}
\languageattribute{greek}{polytonic}
\usepackage{dialogue}

\begin{document}
\selectlanguage{greek}

τὸ πλοῖον ἐστιν ἐν Βυζαντίῳ. 

\begin{dialogue}
\speak{ΖΗΝΟΘΕΜΙΣ} \selectlanguage{english}\direct{pointing to the land} \selectlanguage{greek}δεῦρο ἐλθέ, ὦ Δικαιόπολι, καὶ βλέπε. ἐγὼ γὰρ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν ὁρῶ. ἆρα καὶ σὺ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν ὁρᾷς;
\end{dialogue}

\end{document}

The above code, which I thought would produce, along with the Greek, the English phrase in brackets "pointing to the land," produces this instead: this

Any ideas about what I'm doing wrong?

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  • 2
    Just change \usepackage[LGR]{fontenc} to \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}. Or, if the non-Greek passages don't contain accented characters, don't load the fontenc package at all.
    – Mico
    Sep 19, 2023 at 0:51
  • 2
    Or \usepackage[LGR,T1]{inputenc}. If you aren’t submitting to a journal or prof who forces you to use PDFTeX, you should consider LuaLaTeX, which can auto-detect the language for you and render in Unicode with desktop fonts.
    – Davislor
    Sep 19, 2023 at 1:08
  • 1
    Such as in this template.
    – Davislor
    Sep 19, 2023 at 1:16
  • Is this helpful: texfaq.org/FAQ-unicode
    – Kaz
    Sep 19, 2023 at 23:19

1 Answer 1

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You no longer need to load the LGR encoding (it used to be necessary up to a few years ago). Also you want to use \foreignlanguage{english}{...} rather than \selectlanguage back and forth.

Since Greek is the main language, specify it last.

Better yet, use a new command.

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage[english,greek]{babel}
\languageattribute{greek}{polytonic}

\usepackage{dialogue}

\newcommand{\engdirect}[1]{\direct{\foreignlanguage{english}{#1}}}

\begin{document}

τὸ πλοῖον ἐστιν ἐν Βυζαντίῳ. 

\begin{dialogue}
\speak{ΖΗΝΟΘΕΜΙΣ} \engdirect{pointing to the land} δεῦρο ἐλθέ, ὦ Δικαιόπολι, 
  καὶ βλέπε. ἐγὼ γὰρ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν ὁρῶ. ἆρα καὶ σὺ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν ὁρᾷς;
\end{dialogue}

\end{document}

enter image description here

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  • Thank you! This worked! Sep 19, 2023 at 19:13

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