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I am trying to typeset some text in ancient Greek. (Whether it is ancient or modern doesn’t seem to make a difference.) I would like to do it using EB Garamond, which has polytonic Greek characters.

However, when I try to compile a document, it gives me the following error message:

Package polyglossia Error: The current latin roman font does not contain the "Greek" script! (polyglossia) Please define \greekfont with \newfontfamily command.

Here is the MWE that I am attempting to compile in LuaLaTeX:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{EB Garamond}     % The document compiles with \setmainfont{Libertinus Serif} 
\setsansfont{Libertinus Sans}
\setmonofont{Libertinus Mono}

\usepackage{polyglossia}
\setdefaultlanguage{greek}    % compiles with EB Garamond if I set default to English

\begin{document}

\section*{βίβλος Α}

\noindent ἄνδρα μοι ἔννεπε, μοῦσα, πολύτροπον, ὃς μάλα πολλὰ\\
πλάγχθη, ἐπεὶ Τροίης ἱερὸν πτολίεθρον ἔπερσεν:\\
πολλῶν δ᾽ ἀνθρώπων ἴδεν ἄστεα καὶ νόον ἔγνω,\\
πολλὰ δ᾽ ὅ γ᾽ ἐν πόντῳ πάθεν ἄλγεα ὃν κατὰ θυμόν,\\
ἀρνύμενος ἥν τε ψυχὴν καὶ νόστον ἑταίρων.\\
ἀλλ᾽ οὐδ᾽ ὣς ἑτάρους ἐρρύσατο, ἱέμενός περ:\\
αὐτῶν γὰρ σφετέρῃσιν ἀτασθαλίῃσιν ὄλοντο,\\
νήπιοι, οἳ κατὰ βοῦς Ὑπερίονος Ἠελίοιο\\
ἤσθιον: αὐτὰρ ὁ τοῖσιν ἀφείλετο νόστιμον ἦμαρ.\\
τῶν ἁμόθεν γε, θεά, θύγατερ Διός, εἰπὲ καὶ ἡμῖν.

\end{document}

(The same happens in XeLaTeX.)

Yet EB Garamond is plainly able to typeset the polyphonic Greek characters.

I realize that I can set Greek as a secondary language, but I would like to be able to have the headings, etc., in Greek.

Any ideas what is going on? Are there any work-arounds?

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  • 1
    As the error message suggested, try \newfontfamily\greekfont{EBGarmaond}. Then use \greekfont instead of \mainfont. Does that work? If it works, it suggests that polyglossia is using its own code, to supply something that is missing from the font itself.
    – user287367
    Oct 12, 2023 at 21:32
  • 7
    ebgaramond contains greek glyphs, but it doesn't support the greek skript (grek you can check that with otfinfo -s), and polyglossia don't like this. You will have to define \greekfont. Oct 12, 2023 at 22:01
  • Yes, defining \greekfont was a good work-around. If someone makes this the answer, I will mark it correct. Oct 13, 2023 at 8:18

1 Answer 1

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You get the error message

! Package polyglossia Error: The current latin roman font does not contain the "Greek" script!
(polyglossia)                Please define \greekfont with \newfontfamily command.

Never disregard error messages, particularly when they suggest a solution.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\usepackage{polyglossia}

\setmainfont{EB Garamond}
\setsansfont{Libertinus Sans}
\setmonofont{Libertinus Mono}
\newfontfamily{\greekfont}{EB Garamond}

\setdefaultlanguage{greek}

\begin{document}

\section*{βίβλος Α}

\noindent ἄνδρα μοι ἔννεπε, μοῦσα, πολύτροπον, ὃς μάλα πολλὰ\\
πλάγχθη, ἐπεὶ Τροίης ἱερὸν πτολίεθρον ἔπερσεν:\\
πολλῶν δ᾽ ἀνθρώπων ἴδεν ἄστεα καὶ νόον ἔγνω,\\
πολλὰ δ᾽ ὅ γ᾽ ἐν πόντῳ πάθεν ἄλγεα ὃν κατὰ θυμόν,\\
ἀρνύμενος ἥν τε ψυχὴν καὶ νόστον ἑταίρων.\\
ἀλλ᾽ οὐδ᾽ ὣς ἑτάρους ἐρρύσατο, ἱέμενός περ:\\
αὐτῶν γὰρ σφετέρῃσιν ἀτασθαλίῃσιν ὄλοντο,\\
νήπιοι, οἳ κατὰ βοῦς Ὑπερίονος Ἠελίοιο\\
ἤσθιον: αὐτὰρ ὁ τοῖσιν ἀφείλετο νόστιμον ἦμαρ.\\
τῶν ἁμόθεν γε, θεά, θύγατερ Διός, εἰπὲ καὶ ἡμῖν.

\end{document}

Alternatively, use babel.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek]{babel}

\setmainfont{EB Garamond}
\setsansfont{Libertinus Sans}
\setmonofont{Libertinus Mono}

\begin{document}

\section*{βίβλος Α}

\noindent ἄνδρα μοι ἔννεπε, μοῦσα, πολύτροπον, ὃς μάλα πολλὰ\\
πλάγχθη, ἐπεὶ Τροίης ἱερὸν πτολίεθρον ἔπερσεν:\\
πολλῶν δ᾽ ἀνθρώπων ἴδεν ἄστεα καὶ νόον ἔγνω,\\
πολλὰ δ᾽ ὅ γ᾽ ἐν πόντῳ πάθεν ἄλγεα ὃν κατὰ θυμόν,\\
ἀρνύμενος ἥν τε ψυχὴν καὶ νόστον ἑταίρων.\\
ἀλλ᾽ οὐδ᾽ ὣς ἑτάρους ἐρρύσατο, ἱέμενός περ:\\
αὐτῶν γὰρ σφετέρῃσιν ἀτασθαλίῃσιν ὄλοντο,\\
νήπιοι, οἳ κατὰ βοῦς Ὑπερίονος Ἠελίοιο\\
ἤσθιον: αὐτὰρ ὁ τοῖσιν ἀφείλετο νόστιμον ἦμαρ.\\
τῶν ἁμόθεν γε, θεά, θύγατερ Διός, εἰπὲ καὶ ἡμῖν.

\end{document}

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