# How do I draw parallel arrows in commutative diagrams with TikZ?

How do I draw two parallel arrows having the same domain and the same codomain in a commutative diagram with TikZ? For that matter, how do I draw any sort of parallel paths between two nodes? Do I need to explicitly shift the two paths myself? And if so how?

## 3 Answers

In addition to postaction here are two more ways:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\node (A) at (0,0) {$A$};
\node (B) at (1,0) {$B$};
\draw[transform canvas={yshift=0.3ex},->] (A) -- (B);
\draw[transform canvas={yshift=-0.3ex},<-] (A) -- (B);
\end{tikzpicture}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\node (A) at (0,0) {$A$};
\node (B) at (1,0) {$B$};
\draw[->] (A.10) -- (B.170);
\draw[<-] (A.350) -- (B.190);
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}


Note that you need to use transform canvas as “normal” transforms leave the nodes fixed. The (A.10) syntax means a point on the boundary of A, 10 degrees counterclockwise from (A.east).

• Note the second of these depends on the nodes being the same size. – Nathan Grigg Sep 3 '12 at 21:43

Likewise, you can use a path to connect the two nodes:

\begin{tikzpicture}[->]
\node (A) at (0,0) {$A$};
\node (B) at (1,0) {$B$};
\path [black] (A.10) edge [bend left] node {} (B.170);
\path [black] (B.190) edge [bend left] node {} (A.350);
\end{tikzpicture}


This allows use of all the features of path (such as the bend feature).

• If the arrows are bent, then they aren't parallel, surely. – Seamus Jan 9 '13 at 11:04

how about using a postaction?

\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw[postaction={transform canvas={yshift=-2mm},draw}]
[->] (0,0) -- (1,0);
\end{tikzpicture}

• Great, thanks! I don't know exactly how to use a postaction to put different labels on the two paths, but the transform canvas thing does the job for me. – TikZ User Dec 16 '10 at 3:12
• Well, you can put two labels on the path (one below and one above...) – Yossi Farjoun Dec 16 '10 at 8:33