4

Question:

I have been typing a very long equation but it doesn't fit on the page. What I have provided for the following MWE is for the document class article for the landscape page. My original page is an A4 paper article in portrait. Can anyone help me with this issue? How can I put this lengthy equation on my page?

MWE:

enter image description here

\documentclass[a4paper,landscape]{article}
\usepackage[a4paper,margin=1in,landscape]{geometry}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}
    \begin{flalign}
        \begin{aligned}
            f_{1}\left(y\,,\,t\right) & = L^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{s-a}\,e^{-\sqrt{\frac{s+a_{0}}{a_{1}}}\,y}\right) =\dfrac{e^{-at}}{2}\left[e^{-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\,erf_{c}\left(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}-\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\right)+e^{y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\,erf_{c}\left(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}+\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\right)\right]
        \end{aligned}&&
    \end{flalign}
\end{document}
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  • I've taken the liberty of adding a screenshot; feel free to revert.
    – Mico
    Apr 14 at 12:13

4 Answers 4

8

Here are two solutions that employ the same approach to line breaking as in @nplatis's answer. In the first solution, I use \exp notation instead of e^{...} notation. In the second, I additionally switch from \frac notation to inline-fraction notation. Note that landscape mode is not needed for either solution.

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath} % for 'align' and 'aligned' environments and \DeclareMathOperator macro
\DeclareMathOperator{\erf}{erf}

\begin{document}
\begin{align}
f_1(y,t) 
&= L^{-1}\biggl(\frac{1}{s-a} 
\exp\biggl( -\sqrt{\frac{s+a_{0}}{a_1}}y\biggr) \biggr) \notag \\[\jot]
&\begin{aligned}[b]
{}=\frac12 e^{-at} \biggl[
&\exp \biggl(-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_1}(a_{0}-a)}\,\biggr)
\erf_{c}\biggl(\frac{y}{2\sqrt{a_1t}}-\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\biggr) \\
{}+&\exp\biggl(+y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_1}(a_{0}-a)}\,\biggr)
\erf_{c}\biggl(\frac{y}{2\sqrt{a_1t}}+\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\biggr)
\biggr]
\end{aligned}
\end{align}

\begin{align}
f_1(y,t) 
&= L^{-1}\bigl((s-a)^{-1}
\exp\bigl( -\sqrt{(s+a_{0})/a_1}y\bigr) \bigr) \notag \\[\jot]
&\begin{aligned}[b]
{}=\tfrac12 e^{-at} \bigl[
&\exp \bigl(-y\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)/a_1}\,\bigr)
\erf_{c}\bigl(y/(2\sqrt{a_1t}\,)-\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\,\bigr) \\
{}+&\exp\bigl(+y\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)/a_1}\,\bigr)
\erf_{c}\bigl(y/(2\sqrt{a_1t}\,)+\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\,\bigr)
\bigr]
\end{aligned}
\end{align}
\end{document}
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  • 2
    Thanks to everyone. For providing variety of answers.
    – SandyM
    Apr 14 at 12:06
6

Based on @Sebastiano answer, I would split differently (notice the \quad for better alignment):

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage[margin=1in]{geometry}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\DeclareMathOperator{\erf}{erf}
\begin{document}
    \begin{flalign}
        \begin{aligned}
            f_{1}(y,t) & = L^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{s-a}\,e^{-\sqrt{\frac{s+a_{0}}{a_{1}}}\,y}\right)\\
            &=\dfrac{e^{-at}}{2}\biggl[e^{-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\erf_{c}\biggl(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}-\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\biggr)\\
                & \quad\quad\quad +e^{y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\erf_{c}\left(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}+\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\right)\biggr]
        \end{aligned}
    \end{flalign}
\end{document}

Result of code

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5

I have modificated your MWE. It can be a solution.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage[margin=1in]{geometry}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\DeclareMathOperator{\erf}{erf}
\begin{document}
    \begin{flalign}
        \begin{aligned}
            f_{1}(y,t) & = L^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{s-a}\,e^{-\sqrt{\frac{s+a_{0}}{a_{1}}}\,y}\right)=\dfrac{e^{-at}}{2}\biggl[e^{-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\erf_{c}\biggl(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}\\ 
                &-\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\biggr)+e^{y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}\left(a_{0}-a\right)}}\erf_{c}\left(\dfrac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}\,t}}+\sqrt{\left(a_{0}-a\right)t}\right)\biggr]
        \end{aligned}
    \end{flalign}
\end{document}

enter image description here

0
2

You should declare “erf” as a math operator. Also the \, you use are badly placed. You need just one and in a different place.

Use alignat but hide the width of the first row. You can set a further alignment point after the big square bracket.

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\DeclareMathOperator{\erf}{erf}

\begin{document}

\begin{alignat}{2}
f_{1}(y,t)
& = L^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{s-a} e^{-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_1}(s+a_{0})}}\,\right)\hidewidth
\notag\\
&=\frac{e^{-at}}{2}\biggl[&&
  e^{-y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}(a_{0}-a)}}
  \erf_{c}\left(\frac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}t}}-\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\right)
\notag\\
&&&+e^{y\sqrt{\frac{1}{a_{1}}(a_{0}-a)}}
  \erf_{c}\left(\frac{y}{2\sqrt{a_{1}t}}+\sqrt{(a_{0}-a)t}\right)
\biggr]
\end{alignat}

\end{document}

enter image description here

1
  • Thank you so much once again.
    – SandyM
    Apr 15 at 11:56

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