5

I have the following code which uses animateinline and several tikzpicture for it's animation effects:

\documentclass{beamer}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{ifthen}
\usepackage{animate}
\usetheme{Warsaw}
\usecolortheme{whale}

\def\layera{
  \path[cm={{0.8028232,-0.59621716,0.59621716,0.8028232,(0.0,0.0)}},draw=black,opacity=0.990,miter
    limit=4.00,line width=0.943pt,rounded corners=0.0000cm] (-99.8372,584.6912)
    rectangle (-30.7483,653.7801);
}

\def\layerb{
    \fill[blue!40] (0,0) circle (1);
}

\def\layerc{
    \fill[red!40] (0,0) circle (1);
}

\begin{document}
\begin{center}
\begin{frame}
\begin{animateinline}[loop,controls]{1}

\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \layera{}
\end{tikzpicture}

\newframe
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \layerb{}
\end{tikzpicture}

\newframe
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \layerc{}
\end{tikzpicture}

\newcommand{\makelayer}{
    \newframe
    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
        \layerc{}
    \end{tikzpicture}
}

%\makelayer{}

%\def\MyLayers{\layerb, \layerc}
%\foreach \mylayer in \MyLayers {
%    \newframe
%    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
%        \mylayer{}
%    \end{tikzpicture}
%}

\end{animateinline}
\end{frame}
\end{center}
\end{document}

As you can see, it has 3 layers (1 layer/frame): layera, layerb and layerc. The following file could be converted to pdf and the animation effects are correct: a square, then a blue circle, and a red circle.

However, when I try to use \newcommand makelayer, the output is not correct: just uncomment \makelayer{} and compile to pdf. The strange thing is layerb is not shown correctly, instead of layerc, which is inside \makelayer{}?

It must be something obvious for a trained eye; could someone kindly point out what is the correct way of using \newcommand in this case?

The second question is looping through all the tikzpictures, and I think it might be related to the above question. I have also have the code that's not working commented out, starting at: %\def\MyLayers{\layerb, \layerc}

Any help is much appreciated.

Edit1

@Harish's answer solved the first question.

To clarify my second question, which is how to loop through the contents of each tikzpicture using foreach or any other looping mechanism? I made some changes to the code to illustrate the question (the actual tex file may contain many more layers/tikzpicture ):

\documentclass{beamer}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{ifthen}
\usepackage{animate}
\usetheme{Warsaw}
\usecolortheme{whale}

\newcommand\layera{%
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
  \path[cm={{0.8028232,-0.59621716,0.59621716,0.8028232,(0.0,0.0)}},draw=black,opacity=0.990,miter
    limit=4.00,line width=0.943pt,rounded corners=0.0000cm] (-99.8372,584.6912)
    rectangle (-30.7483,653.7801);
  \end{tikzpicture}
}

\newcommand\layerb{%
    \fill[blue!40] (0,0) circle (1);
}

\newcommand\layerc{%
    \fill[red!40] (0,0) circle (1);
}

\begin{document}
\begin{center}
\begin{frame}
\begin{animateinline}[loop,controls]{1}
    \layera

\newcommand{\makemylayer}{%
    \newframe
    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
        \layerb
    \end{tikzpicture}

    \newframe
    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]   
        \layerc
    \end{tikzpicture}
}

\makemylayer

%\newcommand\MyLayers{\layerb, \layerc}
%\foreach \mylayer in \MyLayers {
%    \newframe
%    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
%        \mylayer{}
%    \end{tikzpicture}
%}


\end{animateinline}
\end{frame}
\end{center}
\end{document}

There are 3 layers (tikzpicture): layera, layerb, and layerc, and except for layera, I'd like to loop through the contents of each tikzpicture (layerb and layerc).

So when I comment out \makemylayer, uncomment the foreach block, when I try to compile, there's the following error message:

! Package animate Error: Contents of first frame must not have zero width.

Thanks for your help.

Edit2

I've tried other looping methods such as loop, forloop etc., but most of them deals with a counter or something like that; could someone kindly provide any advice on how to iterate through the above list of commands and make it work?

Thank you very much.

1 Answer 1

6

Your first problem will be solved by putting a % after \newcommand{\makelayer}{.

And I think I didn't get your second question properly. It can be done as shown in this modified code of yours.

\documentclass{beamer}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{ifthen}
\usepackage{animate}
\usetheme{Warsaw}
\usecolortheme{whale}

\newcommand\layera{%
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
  \path[cm={{0.8028232,-0.59621716,0.59621716,0.8028232,(0.0,0.0)}},draw=black,opacity=0.990,miter
    limit=4.00,line width=0.943pt,rounded corners=0.0000cm] (-99.8372,584.6912)
    rectangle (-30.7483,653.7801);
  \end{tikzpicture}
}

\newcommand\layerb{%
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \fill[blue!40] (0,0) circle (1);
\end{tikzpicture}
}

\newcommand\layerc{%
\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \fill[red!40] (0,0) circle (1);
\end{tikzpicture}
}

\begin{document}
\begin{center}
\begin{frame}
\begin{animateinline}[loop,controls]{1}
    \layera
\newframe
    \layerb
\newframe
    \layerc

\newcommand{\makelayer}{%
    \newframe
        \layerb
}

\makelayer

%\def\MyLayers{\layerb, \layerc}
%\foreach \mylayer in \MyLayers {
%    \newframe
%    \begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.20pt,x=0.20pt,yscale=-1, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
%        \mylayer{}
%    \end{tikzpicture}
%}

%% Instead of above try this:

\newcommand{\makemylayer}{%
    \newframe
        \layera
    \newframe
        \layerc
    \newframe
         \layerb
}

\makemylayer

\end{animateinline}
\end{frame}
\end{center}
\end{document}

I have changed the order of appearance to make things clear.

1
  • Thanks for the answer. \newcommand{\makelayer}{% makes the \makelayer work.
    – hyao
    Sep 24, 2012 at 6:56

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