24

I used the split command to break my equation but I receive the error:

! Missing } inserted.
<inserted text> 
                }
l. \end {split}

The code in .tex file is as follows:

\begin{equation} \label{eq:5} 
\begin{split} 
A =1-&\frac{h_{FS}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{F}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{F} + h_{UNC}p_{I}p_{UN}}{h_{G}+h_{V}+p_{I}(h_{I}+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}+h_{DNC}p_{DN}+h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS} +\\
 &h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD} + h_{F}p_{DN}p_{F})}  
\end {split}
\end{equation}

Actually, I can see the produced equation in the PDF and it's
correct but this error exists. I want to submit my source file to a journal, but the PDF cannot be generated in the submission process. Any help is really appreciated.

  • \begin{equation}\label{eq:5} \begin{split} A =1-&\frac{h_{FS}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{F}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{F} + h_{UNC}p_{I}p_{UN}}{h_{G}+h_{V}+p_{I}(h_{I}+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}+h_{DNC}p_{DN}+h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS} +\\ &h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD} + h_{F}p_{DN}p_{F})} \end {split} \end{equation} – Mary Sep 27 '12 at 2:20
  • 1
    You can't split the second part of a \frac on two line unless you put it inside something like a \parbox – Peter Grill Sep 27 '12 at 2:23
24

You could use the \splitfrac instruction of the mathtools package to split the long denominator into two lines. Note that you needn't employ a split environment in this case. I've increased the size of the round parentheses used in the denominator (via \big instructions) to give them a bit more visibility.

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools} % mathtools builds on and extends amsmath package
\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{eq:5} 
A = 1-\frac{h_{FS}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{F}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{F} + h_{UNC}p_{I}p_{UN}}{
\splitfrac{h_{G}+h_{V}+p_{I}\big( h_{I}+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}}
   {+h_{DNC}p_{DN}+h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD} + h_{F}p_{DN}p_{F}\big)}}  
\end{equation}
\end{document}
16

The other answers give you what you wanted (+1 to both), but for what it's worth, I would consider tackling this using local definitions to make it a little easier to read

screenshot

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools} % mathtools builds on and extends amsmath package
\begin{document}

\begin{equation} \label{eq:5} 
    A = 1-\frac{f(h,p)}{g(h,p)}
\end{equation}
where
\begin{align*}
    f(h,p) & =h_{FS}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{F}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{F} + h_{UNC}p_{I}p_{UN}                                    \\
    g(h,p) & =h_{G}+h_{V}+p_{I}\left( h_{I}+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}\right.                         \\
           & \phantom{ {}= } + \left. h_{DNC}p_{DN}+h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD} + h_{F}p_{DN}p_{F}\right) 
\end{align*}
\end{document}
  • In the present case, the \left( ... \right. and \left. ... \right) don't actually increase the size of the parentheses. It may be better to use \big statements instead. – Mico Sep 27 '12 at 13:47
  • @Mico thanks for the feedback; I view \big as a bit too manual though, perhaps that's just me :) – cmhughes Sep 27 '12 at 15:58
  • Great answer, Chris! :) I think this is the cleanest way to tackle this expression. :) – Paulo Cereda Sep 28 '12 at 1:08
  • @PauloCereda thanks a lot :) I always appreciate your positivity :) – cmhughes Sep 28 '12 at 1:26
10

If you place the denominator of the \frac with a \parbox then you can have a new line in it:

enter image description here

Code:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}
\begin{equation} \label{eq:5} 
A =1-\frac{h_{FS}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{FS} +h_{F}p_{I}p_{DN}p_{F} + h_{UNC}p_{I}p_{UN}}{\parbox{4.2in}{$h_{G}+h_{V}+p_{I}(h_{I}+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}+h_{DNC}p_{DN} +$ \\
 \hspace*{2.1cm}$h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS} + h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD} + h_{F}p_{DN}p_{F})$}} 
\end{equation}
\end{document}
8

Here's a TeXy way (amsmath will nag though if you're using it, IIRC.):

A = 1-{h_{FS}p_Ip_{DN}p_{FS} +h_Fp_Ip_{DN}p_F + h_{UNC}p_Ip_{UN}
  \over\displaystyle{
  h_G+h_V+p_I\big( h_I+h_{DMC}p_{DM}+h_{UNC}p_{UN}+h_{UMC}p_{UM}
  \atop\quad
  {}+h_{DNC}p_{DN}+h_{FS}p_{DN}p_{FS}+h_{GD}p_{DN}p_{GD}+h_Fp_{DN}p_F\big)}}

enter image description here

  • 1
    Even if it doesn't change anything in this case, I'd use \bigl and \bigr instead of \big. – Hendrik Vogt Sep 28 '12 at 7:54

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