I get a warning every time I run bibtex on files using revtex4-1. I realize that this is just a warning and could be ignored, but my automatic compilation scheme (emacs) complains that there's a warning every time, so I'd really like to get rid of it. The warning is

Warning--jnrlst (dependency: not reversed) set 1

This even happens with files revtex supplies as examples, but I've cut it down to a (nearly) minimal working example: SimpleTex.tex is

Refer to Ref.~\cite{ArticleKey}.

and SimpleBib.bib is

  title =    {Cited work},
  journal =  "Awesomeness",
  author =   {Annie Author},
  year =     1999

Then, latex SimpleTex followed by bibtex SimpleTex gives me the warning. Interestingly, it appears to be using apsrev4-1.bst. But by explicitly giving the bibliographystyle (uncommenting the line in SimpleTex.tex), the warning goes away.

Is it safe to just use the \bibliographystyle statement? Any idea why that appears to work?


Indeed it's just a warning and you are expected to ignore it. You could make it go away by arranging for SimpleTexNotes.bib to contain control lines:


instead of the author="8" line that was there previously. This explicitly activates jnrlst rather than having it set as a dependency. For example you could have your build process run sed over the SimpleTexNotes.bib before running bibtex. Using bibliographystyle causes revtex to not emit the \citation{REVTEX41Control} \citation{apsrev41Control} lines to the aux file, since non-revtex bst files will not understand these. In this particular case the revtex4-1.bst defaults to the correct settings equivalent to @CONTROL{apsrev41Control,author="48",editor="1",pages="0",title="",year="1"} as desired, but in other cases it may not do as you would want. For example adding the longbibliography option to the \documentclass{revtex4-1} line would have no effect.

  • 1
    Ah, I was trying all kinds of things in that apsrev41Control block, but couldn't come up with author="48". Thanks. And thanks for the explanation, too! Anyway, I think I'll just stick with the explicit bibliographystyle statement, as that is easiest to implement.
    – Mike
    Oct 10 '12 at 1:40
  • 2
    When I use either of the @CONTROL lines you wrote, I get a message Repeated entry---line 1 of file references.bib; The @CONTROL command is at line 1 of references.bib
    – Girardi
    May 6 '15 at 18:41
  • @Girardi you need to edit those lines into \jobname Notes.bib (which is generated during TeXing of \jobname.tex) not in references.bib
    – Lev Bishop
    May 7 '15 at 7:09
  • 3
    ok, I found the Notes.bib file and added those two lines... But when I compile, it automatically changes the attributes to author="00",editor="1",pages="1",title="0",year="0" and gives jnrlst and dotless warnings
    – Girardi
    May 8 '15 at 10:50

As of late 2019 (REVTeX 4.2c), this is still an issue. I still find that the only reasonable solution is to add \bibliographystyle{apsrev4-2} before the \bibliography command.

  • Short, sweet and easy answer. Jun 25 '20 at 10:06

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