# Drawing a Venn diagram

Below is a Venn diagram I created in TikZ. Here is the code. I want to now add a set E such that D is a proper subset of E and E is a proper subset of B. It is apparent that the set E cannot be drawn as a circle. At best, it can the boundary of E can be the arc on the right side of D, coupled with a different arc on the left side between the boundaries of B and D. And I want to have a different color for E, say yellow. What is the best way to go about?

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz}
\begin{document}
\pagestyle{empty}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{scope}[shift={(3cm,-5cm)}, fill opacity=0.5]
\draw[fill=red, draw = black] (0,0) circle (5);
\draw[fill=green, draw = black] (-1.5,0) circle (3);
\draw[fill=blue, draw = black] (1.5,0) circle (3);
\node at (0,4) (A) {\large\textbf{A}};
\node at (-2,1) (B) {\large\textbf{B}};
\node at (2,1) (C) {\large\textbf{C}};
\node at (0,0) (D) {\large\textbf{D}};
\end{scope}

\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

• If I understnad what you want I'd recommend using the intersections library to locate the coordinates of the intersection, and then draw the arc using that. But might require you to use a pattern as it will totally obscure the D set. – Peter Grill Oct 23 '12 at 1:07
• You can also clip with circle B inside a scope to draw whatever you want to have but still contained in B. – percusse Oct 23 '12 at 1:46

Here's one possibility using the intersections library to find the coordinates of the intersection points between the two inner circles and then using the .. controls <point> and <point> .. syntax to draw the curve; some additional work with transparency groups was also done to obtain the proper coloring:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{intersections}

\begin{document}
\pagestyle{empty}
\begin{tikzpicture}

\begin{scope}[shift={(3cm,-5cm)}, fill opacity=0.5,
mytext/.style={text opacity=1,font=\large\bfseries}]

\draw[fill=red, draw = black] (0,0) circle (5);
\draw[fill=yellow, draw = black,name path=circle 1] (-1.5,0) circle (3);
\draw[fill=blue, draw = black,name path=circle 2] (1.5,0) circle (3);

\pgftransparencygroup
\clip (-1.5,0) circle (3);
\fill[green] (1.5,0) circle (3);
\filldraw[draw,fill=green,name intersections={of=circle 1 and circle 2}] (intersection-1) .. controls +(-4,1) and +(-4,-1) ..(intersection-2);
\endpgftransparencygroup

\node[mytext] at (0,4) (A) {A};
\node[mytext] at (-3.8,0) (B) {B};
\node[mytext] at (3.8,0) (C) {C};
\node[mytext] at (0,0) (D) {D};
\node[mytext] at (-2,1) (E) {E};
\end{scope}
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document} 