I'm trying to set up a system of equations and want to underline the last equation, but can't figure it out. Here's what I have:

&F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= 0\\
-&\mu F_n & &+ F_a\cos 32^\circ &= 0\\

After this I want line, and then the answer. I tried \underline, but that gave me errors. I also tried using \line, but that would give errors in the block or be too far away from the equations outside of the block.

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

&F_n &{}- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= 0\\
-&\mu F_n & &+ F_a\cos 32^\circ &= 0\\[-25pt]

enter image description here

  • Much more simpler than mine: +1. :) Oct 24 '12 at 15:40
  • Possibly add {} before -mg to get the spacing right.
    – egreg
    Oct 24 '12 at 16:13
  • @egreg: Thank you. And added. :-)
    – user11232
    Oct 24 '12 at 16:21

This is a job for the \tikzmark macro if I interpreted correctly the request. The beauty of such an approach is that the rule underlying the equation fit exactly the dimensions of the equation.



% to change colors

%% code by Andrew Stacey 
% http://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/51582/background-coloring-with-overlay-specification-in-algorithm2e-beamer-package#51582

     remember picture with id/.style={%
       remember picture,
       save picture id=#1,
     save picture id/.code={%
     if picture id/.code args={#1#2#3}{%

  \expandafter\gdef\csname save@pt@#1\endcsname{#2}%


  \pgfsys@getposition{\csname save@pt@\tmk@label\endcsname}\save@orig@pic%
  \advance\pgf@x by -\pgf@xa
  \advance\pgf@y by -\pgf@ya

      \tikz[remember picture,overlay,baseline=1ex]
      \draw[line width=1pt,#1]
      (pic cs:#2) -- (0,0)

\tikz[remember picture with id=#2,baseline=1ex] #1;}

&F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= 0\\
\tikzmarkin[red]{a}-&\mu F_n & &+ F_a\cos 32^\circ &= 0\tikzmarkend{a}\\
& F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= 0\\
Here is my answer. Last equation is not needed, but it is a test to see where it will be placed with respect to the underlying line.

&F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= 0+a+b+c\\
\tikzmarkin[blue, line width=2pt]{b}-&\mu F_n & &+ F_a\cos 32^\circ &= 0+a+b+c\tikzmarkend{b}\\



enter image description here

It is based on the improved version by Andrew Stacey with a bit modification to just draw a line in which it's possible to customize the aspect.

Usage: \tikzmarkin{identifier} in the starting point, \tikzmarkend{identifier} in the ending point in which you have to draw the line. Optional argument for aspect just in \tikzmarkin: \tikzmarkin[blue, line width=2pt]{b}.

Notice that you should compile twice the document to get the right result (first run to set marker positions, second one to effectively draw the line). Last remark: the mark identifiers should be univoque in the document.

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