# How to achieve a multi-column layout for footnotes?

How can you achieve a multi-column layout for footnotes?

I have one page filled only with a rotated table (landscape layout, the sidewaystable environment). The table is annotated by a lot of footnotes which makes the page wider than I want. Since the texts of individual footnotes are quite small I have thought about laying them in two columns to lower the page width.

you can improve it with minipages. After the sidewaystable you have to increase the footnote counter, if another footnote appears.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\begin{document}

\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets the\footnotemark[1] footnotes\footnotemark[2] of a single-column document in two columns;
the package offers a range of parameters to determine\footnotemark[3] the exact appearance\footnotemark[4] of the two columns.

\vspace{1cm}
\footnoterule\footnotesize
\begin{minipage}[t]{0.49\linewidth}
\textsuperscript{1} This is the first footnote. And here comes some nonsense text
to show that the linebreaks works \par
\textsuperscript{2} This is the second footnote.\par
\end{minipage}\hfill
\begin{minipage}[t]{0.49\linewidth}
\textsuperscript{3} This is the third footnote. \par
\textsuperscript{4} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\textsuperscript{5} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\textsuperscript{6} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\end{minipage}
\end{sidewaysfigure}

\end{document}

• Excellent, thank you! At first, it didn't work for me and I got a single column layout for the footnotes, but at second try, it worked (I have no clue why). – Jindřich Mynarz Jan 3 '11 at 18:56

Use dblfnote package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{dblfnote}
\begin{document}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the first footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the first footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns. \footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.} \footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\end{document}


Gives:

• @user2716: didn't work in a sideways environment – user2478 Jan 3 '11 at 15:13
• Yes, it's a nice and easy method, but it unfortunately does not work for pages with landscape layout. – Jindřich Mynarz Jan 3 '11 at 16:01
• @user2716: It's good that you give a full compilable example; it would be even better if it was a bit shorter. – Hendrik Vogt Jan 3 '11 at 17:45
• @Herbert and @jindrichm, please see my new response and sorry for answering very late. I am very new to this and did not notice your comments. – IRAN Jan 11 '11 at 12:24

Sorry for my late response. I still can think of two other solutions that work in your situation and it is automatic. This is applied to Herbert's given example:

You can either use memoir class:

\documentclass{memoir}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\twocolumnfootnotes
\begin{document}
\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets theof a single-column\footnote{This is a test.} document in two columns;
the package offers a range of parameters\footnote{This is a test.} \footnote{This is a test.} to determinethe exact appearance of the two columns.\footnote{This is a test.}\footnote{This is a test.}\footnote{This is a test.}
\end{sidewaysfigure}
\end{document}


which gives:

or you can use ledmac package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\usepackage{ledmac}
\foottwocolX{A}
\begin{document}
\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets theof a single-column\footnoteA{This is a test.} document in two columns;
the package offers a range of parameters\footnoteA{This is a test.} \footnoteA{This is a test.} to determinethe exact appearance of the two columns.\footnoteA{This is a test.}\footnoteA{This is a test.}\footnoteA{This is a test.}
\end{sidewaysfigure}
\end{document}


Which gives:

You specifically mentioned using a sidewaystable. In that case I would recomment to use threeparttable, with which you can achieve the following:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{scrreprt}

\usepackage{rotating}
\usepackage[para]{threeparttable}

\begin{document}
\begin{sidewaystable}[htbp]
\centering
\caption{Super informative caption}
\begin{threeparttable}
\begin{tabular}{c|c|c|c}
Column 1 & Column 2 & Column 3 & Column 4 \\\hline
Cell 1\tnote{*} & Cell 2\tnote{$\dagger$} & Cell 3\tnote{$\ddagger$} & Cell 4\tnote{\#}\\
Cell 5\tnote{$\|$} & Cell 6\tnote{$\Delta$} & Cell 7\tnote{$\diamond$} & Cell 8\tnote{$\downarrow$}\\
\end{tabular}
\begin{tablenotes}
\footnotesize
\item[*] Always
\item[$\dagger$] look
\item[$\ddagger$] on
\item[\#] the
\item[$\|$] bright
\item[$\Delta$] side
\item[$\diamond$] of
\item[$\downarrow$] life!
\end{tablenotes}
\end{threeparttable}
\end{sidewaystable}
\end{document}


Note the para option in the \usepackage statement, which causes the following behavior:

para Notes come one-after-another without line breaks

To control the spacing between the table notes take at look at this question.