I need to make my (BibTeX) references section appear in the table of contents of my LaTeX document (documentclass: article), with section numbering too.

My approach until now has been making a new section and including the bibliography (references.bib) at that point:

\section{References}
\bibliography{references}


However, the final document shows both the section title that I have written and the section title that BibTeX writes, which is quite redundant and I definitely dislike.

How can I either remove BibTeX's section title, or make the BibTeX bibliography appear in the table of contents without making a new section?

If I were to make the BibTeX bibliography appear in the table of contents without making a new section, how could I assure that the section title that BibTeX writes looks exactly like sections typeset with \section?

• The information on this related question might be useful. – Juan A. Navarro Jan 7 '11 at 15:46
• @Juan: The related question was actually more tricky because it included "downgrading" the bibliography from a chapter to a section. – lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 15:50

As Herbert has hinted, your document class may include options to control the inclusion of the bibliography in the table of contents. For standard classes (article, book, report), adding \usepackage[nottoc,numbib]{tocbibind} to your document preamble should work. See the tocbibind documentation for more details.

EDIT: Herbert's suggestion (adding \addcontentsline{toc}{section}{References}) may result in an incorrect ToC entry unless the Reference section is forced on a separate page with \clearpage:

\documentclass[11pt]{article}

\usepackage{filecontents}

\begin{filecontents}{\jobname.bib}
@misc{A01,
author = {Author, A.},
year = {2001},
title = {Alpha},
}
\end{filecontents}

\usepackage{blindtext}

\begin{document}

\nocite{*}

\tableofcontents

\section{foo}

\blindtext[3]

% \clearpage

\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{\jobname}

\end{document}

• @hsigrist: This is the default behaviour in many classes. – lockstep Nov 2 '11 at 22:55
• The first suggestion is nice (tocbibind), but it changes the name of the section from "References" to "Bibliography". The former is more accurate in my case. Is there a simple way to change it back? – naught101 Apr 26 '12 at 6:40
• this: \settocbibname{References} – naught101 Apr 26 '12 at 6:46
• This doesn't work for me. I use report. Check out the complete source and the result document. – Emanuel Berg Feb 27 '13 at 2:06
• @AkseliPalén for me, with either command, the page number was correct but the link took me to the page before the one with the table of contents. I fixed it with the answer from this relevant question: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/23499/… – Zero3 Dec 17 '15 at 4:09

Using hyperref, one should say:

\cleardoublepage

\phantomsection

\bibliography{your_bib_archive}


The following should help, I think:

\documentclass[bibliography=totocnumbered]{scrartcl}


If you don't want the bibliography to have a chapter number, use the following instead:

\documentclass[bibliography=totoc]{scrartcl}

• This works indeed, but forces you to use the KOMA classes. – Henri Menke Aug 6 '13 at 19:24
• Actually, it shouldn't be numbered. Use bibliography=totoc instead. – usr1234567 Aug 11 '17 at 21:58

Another simple solution with Biblatex is found at https://fr.sharelatex.com/learn/Bibliography_management_with_biblatex

\printbibliography[
title={Whole bibliography}
]



Here a simple solution for biblatex. Then you can omit the heading and just add a sections as you like.

\section{References}

• This great solution (for biblatex) also helps when using the nameref package to do something like \section{References}\label{sec:references}, which is then pointed to from the text with "See \nameref{sec:references}". – John Bentley May 17 '16 at 11:31
• \printbibliography[ heading=bibintoc, title={Whole bibliography}] is neater. See Making the bibliography appear in the table of contents – Ooker Dec 18 '17 at 11:54
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}

\tableofcontents

\section{foo}
\nocite{*}% only for demo to get all entries from the bib data file

\let\Section\section
\def\section*#1{\Section{#1}}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{komoedie}

\end{document}


It is easier with a class which supports a bib entry in the table of contents, eg. the KOMA-Script classes.

• @Herbert: This will always place the Reference section on a separate page, which may not be appropriate for the article class. – lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 16:17
• @lockstep: sure, this is what I prefer. If one want it not start at an own page then deleting of clearpage maybe a good idea ... :-) – user2478 Jan 7 '11 at 16:19
• @Herbert: Assuming one deletes clearpage, could it happen that \addcontentsline will point to the wrong page if the Reference section by chance starts a new page? (I dimly remember that I stumbled upon such behaviour once, but I'm not sure about it.) – lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 16:25
• @Herbert: I reproduced the problematic behaviour - see my edited answer. – lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 20:23
• @lockstep: ah, a competition, I like it :-) No extra answer by me, because it didn't help the one who ask a question ... However: \let\Section\section \def\section*#1{\Section*{#1} \addcontentsline{toc}{section}{References}} \bibliography{\jobname} – user2478 Jan 7 '11 at 20:50