Is it possible to achieve citations that are superscript and don't have brackets using the revtex4-1 document class?

An example of how they should look:


5 Answers 5


This is the Phys. Rev. B citation style, so \usepackage[aps,prb,citeautoscript]{revtex4-1} is all that is needed. The [citeautoscript] is optional, but takes care of putting the citation after punctuation if necessary, as is Phys. Rev. B house style.


The easiest way to accomplish this is to add


to the preamble of you latex file. This will provide a superscript, but will leave the bibliography as the usual separate section.

  • 1
    This gives superscripts, but still with ( ). Commented May 20, 2013 at 11:52
  • @PiotrMigdal It works fine for me.
    – Sparhawk
    Commented Nov 28, 2017 at 0:47

As the revtex4-1 document class loads the natbib package, it is responsive to natbib's options and commands. The natbib command \setcitestyle{super} does what you want.




  author = {Author, A.},
  year = {2001},
  title = {Alpha},

  author = {Buthor, B.},
  year = {2002},
  title = {Bravo},


Some text \cite{A01,B02}.



(The filecontents environment is only used to include some external files directly into the example, so that it compiles. It is not necessary for the solution.)

  • this option seem to keep the brackets in the reference list at the end
    – n3rd
    Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 16:19

A general way (working for revtex, but also - everything else) is to add:


Here open and close stand for opening and ending sequences. By default it is open={(} and close={)}, but you are free to use anything, including empty sequences.


Sketch of a biblatex solution:


Now when you write Something something\cite{key} the citation will be placed in a footnote at the bottom of the page

  • 1
    According to p.11 of the revtex4-1 documentation, "[c]ertain packages are (should be) loaded by this class in any case: [...] natbib." This means that the class is incompatible with biblatex.
    – lockstep
    Commented Jan 7, 2011 at 23:56
  • 3
    This solution doesn't actually work particularly well with multiple citations at the same place anyway. But revtex being incompatible with biblatex is, in my view, a reason not to use revtex...
    – Seamus
    Commented Jan 8, 2011 at 17:45

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .