Is it possible to achieve citations that are superscript and don't have brackets using the revtex4-1 document class?

An example of how they should look:



This is the Phys. Rev. B citation style, so \usepackage[aps,prb,citeautoscript]{revtex4-1} is all that is needed. The [citeautoscript] is optional, but takes care of putting the citation after punctuation if necessary, as is Phys. Rev. B house style.


The easiest way to accomplish this is to add


to the preamble of you latex file. This will provide a superscript, but will leave the bibliography as the usual separate section.

  • 1
    This gives superscripts, but still with ( ). – Piotr Migdal May 20 '13 at 11:52
  • @PiotrMigdal It works fine for me. – Sparhawk Nov 28 '17 at 0:47

As the revtex4-1 document class loads the natbib package, it is responsive to natbib's options and commands. The natbib command \setcitestyle{super} does what you want.




  author = {Author, A.},
  year = {2001},
  title = {Alpha},

  author = {Buthor, B.},
  year = {2002},
  title = {Bravo},


Some text \cite{A01,B02}.



(The filecontents environment is only used to include some external files directly into the example, so that it compiles. It is not necessary for the solution.)

  • this option seem to keep the brackets in the reference list at the end – n3rd Aug 13 '14 at 16:19

Sketch of a biblatex solution:


Now when you write Something something\cite{key} the citation will be placed in a footnote at the bottom of the page

  • 1
    According to p.11 of the revtex4-1 documentation, "[c]ertain packages are (should be) loaded by this class in any case: [...] natbib." This means that the class is incompatible with biblatex. – lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 23:56
  • 3
    This solution doesn't actually work particularly well with multiple citations at the same place anyway. But revtex being incompatible with biblatex is, in my view, a reason not to use revtex... – Seamus Jan 8 '11 at 17:45

A general way (working for revtex, but also - everything else) is to add:


Here open and close stand for opening and ending sequences. By default it is open={(} and close={)}, but you are free to use anything, including empty sequences.

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