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The title stands for itself.

If it is not possible, how does LaTeX import an EPS file using \includegraphics?

marked as duplicate by user13907, user31729, Masroor, Henri Menke, percusse Aug 19 '14 at 10:53

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  • 1
    Quite doable, of course. Are we allowed to use miniltx/eplain? – Joseph Wright Dec 1 '12 at 22:18
  • @JosephWright Whatever it takes :D – osolmaz Dec 1 '12 at 22:25
  • The reason for asking is that you can of course copy-paste the code, but the LaTeX graphics does some work to do the inclusion and it's not really that useful to repeat this. – Joseph Wright Dec 1 '12 at 22:26

There is a package epsf.tex by Tom Rokicki. Try

\input epsf



Reading the file epsf.tex (in my system it is /usr/local/texlive/2012/texmf-dist/tex/generic/epsf/epsf.tex) will give you an insight into the way TeX works with postscript graphics.


The LaTeX package graphicx also can be used in plain TeX with the help of miniltx.tex. For driver dvips.def there is already a TeX file that can be loaded:

\input graphicx.tex

The file graphicx.tex contains:

\input miniltx

\input graphicx.sty


Usually the TeX distribution has an intelligent graphics.cfg that can detect some of the drivers (pdfTeX/LuaTeX, XeTeX) and sets a default driver (usually dvips) otherwise, then

\input miniltx.tex
\input graphicx.sty

would be enough and the the driver definition is only needed, if other DVI drivers are used. (Also other LaTeX packages can be used in plain TeX, e.g. ifpdf, ifxetex, ...).

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