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typesetting modulus operator, as in remainder

When \mod is used in

a \cong b \mod c

the extra space between \mod and what precedes it is appropriate. But what if I want to write about the quotient structure \mathbb R\mod {2\pi}? In that case \mod is more like a binary operator. How should one code this to get something with spacing appropriate to the occasion?

  • $$....$$ is depricated. Use \[...\] instead.
    – A.Ellett
    Dec 21, 2012 at 2:49
  • 3
    @MichaelHardy Additionally to \mod{<arg>}, there’s \bmod, \pmod{<arg>} and \pod{<arg>}. Take a look at the amsmath manual (texdoc amsldoc, page 18 (pdf 22), section 5.2). Dec 21, 2012 at 3:39

1 Answer 1


The binary-operator version of \mod is \bmod.

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