# Plot functions and their point of intersection

We are plotting three functions as follows

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[enlargelimits=false]

\addplot[domain=0:1,yellow] {0.5/( 2-x)^3 * 1.0 / sqrt(16 + 14 / (2-x)^4 ) };

(1/36)*(48*(2-x)^2+16*(2-x)^6-8*(2-x)^3*sqrt(280-792*x+966*x^2-640*x^3+240*x^4-48*x^5+4*x^6))/((2-x)
^2*(4*(2-x)^3+2*sqrt(280-792*x+966*x^2-640*x^3+240*x^4-48*x^5+4*x^6)))};
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document} 1. Y-axis has a marker 5 * 10 ^{-2}. We only want 0.05

2. Draw vertical lines from the intersection point between blue and yellow (also between blue and red curve) onto the axis and label the points on the axis.

3. Instead of lines we want to use symbols for at least two out of three plots.

4. What else can be done to make it more appealing.

• Thank you Adorable Creature. Now we have a minimum working example. Help us make it better.
– Mia
Dec 28, 2012 at 13:23
• About the (3.): use mark= option for \addplot, for example: \addplot[domain=0:1,yellow,mark=*], where mark can be found in pgfplots manual in the section 4.6.1. Combining with only marks would get rid of smooth line. Dec 28, 2012 at 13:40
• For (2.), tex.stackexchange.com/questions/38461/… (and the one I mentioned before, tex.stackexchange.com/questions/83503). Dec 29, 2012 at 10:17
• For (1.) yticklabel style={/pgf/number format/fixed} Dec 31, 2012 at 7:50

Here is an ugly hack for the answer the unanswered session. I've slightly modified Jake's axis coordinate transformation.

When the marks are introduced, finding intersections would be even more of a hack hence drawing the functions twice might be easier (one for the intersection without drawing, one for the marks). On a personal note, I've tried the only marker curves and intersection in between markers mean nothing visually. Hence you might reconsider that idea. Instead I've color coded the extra nodes to distinguish what is what.

The main difficulty is that the information required is spread out to different layers of TikZ, pgfplots plot, and pgfplots visualization environments. So if anyone else has a better fix I can delete this one.

\documentclass{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.7}
\usetikzlibrary{intersections,plotmarks}

\makeatletter
\def\markxof#1{
\pgf@process{#1}
\pgfmathparse{\pgf@x/\pgfplotsunitxlength +\pgfplots@data@scale@trafo@SHIFT@x)/10^\pgfplots@data@scale@trafo@EXPONENT@x}
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}

\begin{axis}[
enlargelimits=false,
yticklabel style={/pgf/number format/fixed},
domain=0:1,
]

\addplot[name path global=funtwo,yellow] {0.5/( 2-x)^3 * 1.0 / sqrt(16 + 14 / (2-x)^4 ) };
(1/36)*(48*(2-x)^2+16*(2-x)^6-8*(2-x)^3*sqrt(280-792*x+966*x^2-640*x^3+240*x^4-48*x^5+4*x^6))/((2-x)
^2*(4*(2-x)^3+2*sqrt(280-792*x+966*x^2-640*x^3+240*x^4-48*x^5+4*x^6)))};

\path[name intersections={of={funone and funtwo},name=i},
name intersections={of={funone and funthree},name=in}] (i-1) (in-1);
\pgfplotsextra{
\path (i-1)  \pgfextra{\markxof{i-1}\xdef\myfirsttick{\pgfmathresult}}
(in-1) \pgfextra{\markxof{in-1}\xdef\mysecondtick{\pgfmathresult}};
}

\end{axis}

\draw[ultra thin, draw=gray] (i-1 |- {rel axis cs:0,0}) node[fill=yellow,yshift=-5ex]
{\pgfmathprintnumber[fixed,precision=5]\myfirsttick} -- (i-1);
\draw[ultra thin, draw=gray] (in-1 |- {rel axis cs:0,0}) node[fill=red,yshift=-7.5ex]
{\pgfmathprintnumber[fixed,precision=5]\mysecondtick} -- (in-1);

\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document} • I know, the single closing parenthesis in \pgfplots@data@scale@trafo@SHIFT@x) is not a typo, but why do we need this unbalanced delimiter? Dec 17, 2014 at 20:28
• @HenriMenke Because I'm both sloppy and lucky. There must be an opening brace too but here since up to that point there is nothing fancy going on pgfmath closes the current scope and forgives it due to the closing delimiter. It's just how pgfmath decides about the precedence rules and does not keep track of delimiter groups (they are not TeX scopes). Dec 17, 2014 at 20:48

The most tricky part of your question is part 2 (in combination with part 3) and the just released PGFPlots v1.16 makes it a bit simpler than before.

Question part 4 is primary opinion based, but I think that yellow isn't a good color on a white background. Also I think it does not really make sense to find intersections between "points" (and "lines") but only between lines. So I personally wouldn't use only marks. (I think you will be able on your own to simplify the code if you follow my suggestion.)

For more details please have a look at the comments in the code.

% used PGFPlots v1.16
\documentclass[border=5pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\usetikzlibrary{
intersections,
}
\pgfplotsset{
% use this compat' level or higher to make use of the LUA features
% (if you compile with LuaLaTeX)
compat=1.12,
% for simplicity we declare some functions to avoid repetitions
/pgf/declare function={
f(\x) = 0.5/(2-\x)^3 * 1.0 / sqrt(16 + 14/(2-\x)^4);
g(\x) = (1/36)
* ( 48 * (2-\x)^2
+ 16 * (2-\x)^6
- 8 * (2-\x)^3 * sqrt(
280 - 792*\x + 966*\x^2 - 640*\x^3 + 240*\x^4 - 48*\x^5 + 4*\x^6
)
) / (
(2-\x)^2 * (
4*(2-\x)^3
+ 2*sqrt(
280 - 792*\x + 966*\x^2 - 640*\x^3 + 240*\x^4 - 48*\x^5 + 4*\x^6
)
)
);
},
}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[
% (see <https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/286127/95441>
/pgf/number format/NumberStyle/.style={
fixed,
precision=3,
},
]
\begin{axis}[
% to question 1.
yticklabel style={
/pgf/number format/fixed,
},
enlargelimits=false,
%        % uncomment the following option if you want to place the node labels
%        % outside the axis' environment
%        clip mode=individual,
% moved common options here
domain=0:1,
%        % change the number of samples to something that fits your needs
%        samples=25,
smooth,
]

blue,
% name the curves to later be able to find the intersections between them
name path=one,
% (because this is a straight line, we only need 2 samples)
samples=2,
]   {(1-x)/5};

% to question 2
% intersections can only be found with for lines,
% but in question 3 you request only marks, this here will only draw
% an invisible line/path

% here we draw the two "mark" functions again as such
yellow,
% to question 3.
only marks,
mark=*,
] {f(x)};
red,
only marks,
mark=square*,
] {g(x)};

% to question 2.
\draw [
red,
help lines,
% find the intersection between the lines
name intersections={
of=one and two,
% name the intersection
by=a,
},
]   (a -| 0,0)
% -------------------------------------------------------------
% using \pgfplotspointgetcoordinates' stores the (axis)
% coordinates of e.g. the coordinate (a) in data point',
% which then can be called by \pgfkeysvalueof'
node [below right] {
\pgfplotspointgetcoordinates{(a)}
$\pgfmathprintnumber[NumberStyle]{\pgfkeysvalueof{/data point/y}}$
}
% -------------------------------------------------------------
-- (a)
-- (a |- 0,0)
node [above right,yshift=\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/major tick length}] {
\pgfplotspointgetcoordinates{(a)}
$\pgfmathprintnumber[NumberStyle]{\pgfkeysvalueof{/data point/x}}$
}
;

\draw [
red,
help lines,
name intersections={
of=one and three,
by=b,
},
]   (b -| 0,0)
node [above right] {
\pgfplotspointgetcoordinates{(b)}
$\pgfmathprintnumber[NumberStyle]{\pgfkeysvalueof{/data point/y}}$
}
-- (b)
-- (b |- 0,0)
node [above left,yshift=\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/major tick length}] {
\pgfplotspointgetcoordinates{(b)}
$\pgfmathprintnumber[NumberStyle]{\pgfkeysvalueof{/data point/x}}$
}
;

\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}
` 