I am new to TikZ and want to draw a simple stack Diagram. The Diagram should look like:

[a] [b] [c] [d]  |-|
[f            ]  | |
                 | |
[g            ]  | |
                 | |
[h            ]  |_|

I hope my ASCII-Art can be seen. Right now i try to use something like:

\begin{tikzpicture}[x=20pt, y=20pt, node distance=1pt,outer sep = 0pt]

\tikzstyle{box}=[rectangle,draw,anchor=north west,text centered]
\tikzstyle{smallbox}=[box,minimum height=20pt,minimum width=40pt,text width=4em]
\tikzstyle{normalbox}=[box,minimum height=20pt,minimum width=80pt,text width=16em]
\tikzstyle{bigbox}=[box,minimum height=40pt,minimum width=80pt,text width=16em]

\node[smallbox,fill=green!20] (a) at (1,1) {a};
\node[smallbox,fill=green!20] (b) [right = of a] {b};
\node[smallbox,fill=green!20] (c) [right = of b] {c};
\node[smallbox,fill=green!20] (d) [right = of c] {d};

\node[normalbox,fill=green!20] (f) [below = of a] {f};
\node[bigbox,fill=green!20] (g) [below = of f] {g};
\node[normalbox,fill=green!20] (h) [below = of g] {h};


But the stacks are not aligned correctly and I am also having problems with the vertical stack (j) to the right.

Thank you for your help.

  • Please look at the preview pane before submitting the question! Then you can see what your post will look like. I'll try and tidy it up for you. Jan 14 '11 at 21:19
  • @hendrik: Sorry, for the wrong looking post. Thank you for cleaning it up!
    – mindcry
    Jan 15 '11 at 9:29
  • Specifying below always sets the anchor to north, so you have to specify the below of = a for node f before specifying the anchor. Otherwise your anchor specification will be overwritten.
  • The north west anchor of f should be below a.south west, not below a.south (which is the default).
  • In your node size calculations you forgot that text width does not include the inner sep, which is 0.3333em by default (so there is an additional 0.6666em per box plus 3 times the distance between nodes and we have to subtract the inner sep of the large box).
  • Specifying both minimum width and text width is redundant, especially if the text width is larger.
  • Positioning the j node works analogously.

The complete code is:


\begin{tikzpicture}[x=20pt, y=20pt, node distance=1pt,outer sep = 0pt]

\tikzstyle{box}=[rectangle,draw,anchor=north west,text centered, fill=green!20, inner sep=0.3333em]
\tikzstyle{smallbox}=[box,minimum height=20pt,text width=4em]
\tikzstyle{normalbox}=[box,minimum height=20pt,text width={16em + 3*0.6666em + 3pt}]
\tikzstyle{bigbox}=[normalbox,minimum height=40pt]

\node[smallbox] (a) at (1,1) {a};
\node[smallbox] (b) [right = of a] {b};
\node[smallbox] (c) [right = of b] {c};
\node[smallbox] (d) [right = of c] {d};

\node[below = of a.south west, normalbox] (f) {f};
\node[bigbox] (g) [below = of f] {g};
\node[normalbox] (h) [below = of g] {h};

\node[box, right = of d.north east, anchor=north west,text width=4em, minimum height=103pt] (j) {j};


  • Thanks you really much for the solution. It is working flawlessly!
    – mindcry
    Jan 15 '11 at 9:30

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