# How do I use '&' literally in LaTeX? [duplicate]

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How to look up a symbol?
Escape character in LaTeX

In the itemize environment, how do I use the ampersand symbol & without LaTeX trying to use it as a command?

• enter it as \&. Jan 24, 2013 at 23:30
• @barbarabeeton I can't believe that I am unable to find a duplicate for it. I even wrote the tag wiki for {ampersand} which contains the "solution" already.
– mafp
Jan 24, 2013 at 23:49
• @barbarabeeton Is there anything other? I cannot get it work with XeLaTeX? Jan 15, 2017 at 19:23
• @LéoLéopoldHertz준영 -- you must have a package loaded that changes the meaning (to latex) of \&, but since we don't know that that might be, can't guess at an answer. since you're not the person who asked this question, please post a new one, with a compilable example that demonstrates the problem. Jan 15, 2017 at 19:26

How about \&?

This also works fine in XeLaTeX and LuaLaTeX. For example, in XeLaTeX this code:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{Linux Libertine O}
\begin{document}
Testing... \&
\end{document}


is thus rendered:

• This does not work in XeLaTeX. Maybe something there too Jan 15, 2017 at 19:22
• @LéoLéopoldHertz준영 It does. Jan 16, 2017 at 1:37
• @NVaughan I cannot get it work in my environment. Is there any more universal way without fontspec? - - This works {\&} instead. But it does not work inside \textbf. Aug 2, 2017 at 13:37
• Latex has set of symbols as a part of compilation. Such symbols one can use in the tex by \symbol. Jun 9, 2020 at 12:35
• Is it just me or is the ampersand by using \& too fancy? :P Jul 19, 2020 at 10:21