I am trying to create a new command, so I could use a new hierarchy level in a book document class.

The table of Contents should look like this:

Part I

Theme I

1. Chapter 1

2. Chapter 2

2.1 Section 1

2.1.1 Subsection

Theme II

1. Chapter 1### and so on.

I guess I have to use \newcommand, but I don't know how to modify the hierarchy number to include "Theme" between "Part" and "Chapter". If you know a document class with a more complete hierachy than books and implementing a similar hierarchy, it will solve my problem as well.

  • 5
    Have a look into this question: Defining custom sectioning commands, this looks like similar to what you want.
    – m0nhawk
    Feb 9, 2013 at 15:04
  • 2
    Are you sure you want to cross reference your chapters like "in chapter 2 of theme 1 in part 3"?
    – egreg
    Feb 9, 2013 at 15:20
  • 1
    As @egreg points out, even when you use part division, the chapter counter is not reset with each part, to make the document easily searchable. This is a generally recommended way. Of course this is the case when chapters are usually more than ~10 pages long. If they are not, consider stepping one level down, i.e., changing section->subsection and chapter->section, and then just rename "Chapter" to "Theme".
    – yo'
    Feb 9, 2013 at 19:28
  • 1
    What is your definition of a "Theme"?
    – yannisl
    Feb 9, 2013 at 19:56
  • 2
    The memoir class has a \book division over \part.
    – egreg
    Feb 9, 2013 at 20:15

1 Answer 1


You can do it with the memoir class, that features a document subdivision above "part":

\setlength{\cftpartnumwidth}{2em} % set the width of numbers


\book{Part 1}
\part{Theme 1}
\chapter{Chapter 1}
\chapter{Chapter 2}
\section{Section 1}

\part{Theme 2}

\chapter{Chapter 3}
\chapter{Chapter 4}

\book{Part 2}
\part{Theme 1}
\chapter{Chapter 5}
\chapter{Chapter 6}
\section{Section 1}

\part{Theme 2}

\chapter{Chapter 7}
\chapter{Chapter 8}

The class has powerful customization commands.

enter image description here

I would avoid restarting the numbering of chapters for each "part" or "theme": cross references would be very cumbersome. Something like

as we saw in Chapter 3 of Theme I in Part II

is really heavy.

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