I am using




A = B


and an empty square box will be added automatically at the end of the proof. I am wondering how to add a solid black box instead, in an automatic way.

  • Please add a minimal working example (MWE) that shows your document class and the relevant (theorem-related) packages.
    – lockstep
    Feb 15, 2013 at 17:37
  • 2
    \renewcommand{\qedsymbol}{\rule{1ex}{1ex}} put in the preamble, would it work?
    – yo'
    Feb 15, 2013 at 17:40

2 Answers 2


The documentation of amsthm says:

A QED symbol, □, is automatically appended at the end of a proof environment. To substitute a different end-of-proof symbol, use \renewcommand to redefine the command \qedsymbol.

Thus, one might proceed as follows:


A mwe to play with:



\begin{proof}[Proof of the Main Theorem]
    G(t)=L\gamma!\,t^{-\gamma}+t^{-\delta}\eta(t) \qedhere

If you're looking for beamer, it is quite the same: you have to re-define the template qed symbol (almost similar to my previous answer in How to customise (e.g. make thicker) the end-proof symbol in Beamer?).

A mwe:



\setbeamertemplate{qed symbol}{$\blacksquare$}
\item First item.
\item Second item.
\item Third item.


Notice that in this case the symbol will assume the colors of the Beamer color theme currently in use.

  • Thank you very much for \qedhere!
    – bkarpuz
    Sep 30, 2014 at 8:55
  • @bkarpuz: Glad it helped :) Sep 30, 2014 at 12:37

If you are using the amsthm package (or one of the ams documentclasses), then the symbol used is given by the command \qedsymbol. It can be redefined as follows:

Sample output




  • 9
    Immediately followed, of course, by \begin{self-doubting student}!
    – OJFord
    Dec 5, 2016 at 23:07

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