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Questions tagged [biber]

Biber is a {bibtex} replacement for {biblatex}. It is functionally a significant superset of BibTeX, allowing more customisation by the user of, e.g., sorting, label generation, inheritance, and data source stream manipulation. It also supports advanced auto-disambiguation of names and name lists.

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662 votes
7 answers
269k views

bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib

I've heard of many different bibliography-related packages/platforms/?. What's the difference between the following, which is good for what tasks, advantages/disadvantages, which one is the most ...
doncherry's user avatar
  • 54.8k
177 votes
2 answers
66k views

Biblatex/biber fails with a strange error about missing recode_data.xml file

I'm trying to use biblatex and when I compile my document I get an error like the following: Windows data source C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\Temp\par-5061756c\ cache-...
Alan Munn's user avatar
  • 219k
165 votes
16 answers
181k views

Biblatex with Biber: Configuring my editor to avoid undefined citations

Running the minimal example \documentclass{article} \usepackage{filecontents} \begin{filecontents*}{\jobname.bib} @ARTICLE{example, author = {Other, Anthony Norman}, title = {Some things I did},...
159 votes
3 answers
247k views

How to use biber

Simply put I want to know what steps I need to take to start biber with biblatex. I haven't been able to find any proper tutorials or guides showing how you go about using it instead of BibTeX. What ...
benregn's user avatar
  • 6,102
112 votes
3 answers
108k views

Comment out sections of text in bib file

What's the correct way to comment out sections of explanatory text (included for humans to read) in a .bib file? I would like biber/biblatex to simply ignore this text. When I put in text like ######...
Simd's user avatar
  • 6,857
90 votes
1 answer
72k views

Is there any advantage to using \addbibresource over \bibliography?

I've always used \bibliography to tell BibTeX where my bibliography is, and when I moved to biblatex, I didn't change. I see a lot of biblatex answers use \addbibresource instead. What is the ...
Seamus's user avatar
  • 73.4k
84 votes
5 answers
17k views

Compatibility of bibtex and biblatex bibliography files?

In the answer to bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib the advantages and disadvantages of Biber vs. BibTeX (and of natbib vs. biblatex) were explained. However, one point was omitted: The question ...
celtschk's user avatar
  • 2,438
59 votes
4 answers
113k views

Biblatex + Biber + Texmaker + MiKTeX

Will someone please help me to both configure Texmaker and use it so that I can use the backend=biber option with biblatex package. I am using MiKTeX 2.8 and Texmaker 3.1. Please do not simply tell me ...
Bob P's user avatar
  • 793
52 votes
6 answers
120k views

\nocite{*} for single bibdatasources with biblatex/biber

Several bibliography resources are used in one single tex-document. They resources have been added using: \addbibresource{}. Now I'd like to use the \nocite{*} command to print all references of one ...
Johannes's user avatar
  • 1,273
49 votes
3 answers
15k views

Bibliography tools that are compatible with biblatex and biber

I’m currently in the process of reconsidering how I do bibliography management. It seems to be most sensible to use biblatex with biber. I’d like to know what tools are available on which I can build ...
49 votes
1 answer
46k views

BibTeX or biblatex/Biber 'private communication' entry

What is the correct way to cite "private communications" and similar sources that seem not to belong into the .bib database. I am using biber and biblatex with TL2016
Jonas Stein's user avatar
  • 8,929
44 votes
5 answers
13k views

RefTeX won't find my .bib file in local library tree

RefTeX gives out the following error when trying to insert a citation: No valid bibliography in this document, and no default available I keep a master .bib file in ~/Library/texmf/bibtex/bib/...
Ricardo's user avatar
  • 3,196
44 votes
3 answers
11k views

biblatex: multiple bibliographies categorised by different .bib files

biblatex supports multiple bibliographies by looking up the 1) entry type, 2) keyword, or 3) category. This is all fine, but in the use case of primary sources and secondary sources: 1) the 'type' ...
Jonathan Yip's user avatar
43 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why is biber so slow?

I have a simple document, about 20 pages long with some mathematics and a couple of tikz diagrams. I use biblatex and biber (0.9.9 MacTeX 2011) to compile my references, of which there are currently 2,...
yun's user avatar
  • 767
43 votes
8 answers
86k views

Biblatex, Biber, and LaTeX: citations undefined

I get "There were undefined references" errors and can't fix it after two days of trying. I have tried switching editors from Sublime Text 3 to TeXStudio on a Mac, then trying both on a PC. I am ...
user2205916's user avatar
41 votes
4 answers
33k views

How to make LaTeXmk work with XeLaTeX and biber

I'm trying to make latexmk works with XeLaTeX and biber for my thesis. The document will have many cross references. What settings do I need to ensure it works correctly? My current settings for ...
Darling's user avatar
  • 3,597
40 votes
3 answers
32k views

Texstudio + Biber + build folder

I used this tutorial to export my auxiliary files into a different directory. Basically i just add -aux-directory=build in Options -> Configure -> Commands and added the build folder into ...
Sebastian Schmitz's user avatar
39 votes
4 answers
64k views

Install Biber in MiKTeX on a 64-bit version of Windows

Update: As of summer 2015 Biber is also included in the 64-bit repositories for MikTeX. There is no need to install Biber manually any more, it can simply be installed via the Package Manager just ...
Eric Danielski's user avatar
37 votes
4 answers
44k views

Troubleshooting for biber

I'm trying to switch from BibTeX to biber and ran into the problem that biber does not produce any output file. I noticed several questions about problems with biber e.g., Biblatex/biber does not ...
cryingshadow's user avatar
  • 2,350
37 votes
6 answers
95k views

Error: Cannot find control file 'references.bcf'! - did you pass the "backend=biber" option to BibLaTeX?

When I compile my Latex file, I get this error: ERROR - Cannot find control file 'references.bcf'! - did you pass the "backend=biber" option to BibLaTeX? Do you have any idea what is the source of ...
tam's user avatar
  • 547
33 votes
3 answers
10k views

In TeXShop, is there a directive to select biber or BibTeX on a per-document basis?

As in the title, I'd like to be able to select whether TeXShop uses biber or BibTeX in the document rather than using the command line or changing the default in the TeXShop preferences. For TeX ...
qubyte's user avatar
  • 17.3k
33 votes
2 answers
9k views

Use bibentry with biblatex

I want to use biblatex (with Biber) to produce my reference list, and I also want to use the bibentry package to print individual citations in the text. However, it seems that I can't do both. In the ...
Supernormal's user avatar
32 votes
1 answer
12k views

ISO Date format with Biblatex/Biber?

I'm using biblatex/biber with the biblatex-chem package to make a list of citations for group meeting. This works quite well, but I wanted to add a recent C&EN article to it, since it is quite ...
Canageek's user avatar
  • 18k
31 votes
4 answers
5k views

How to create multilingual (English, Japanese) bibliographies with biblatex, biber and polyglossia

I would like to update my bibtex file in a way that allows me to create multilingual bibliographies. Since I publish in English and Japanese, I will need this to work in a way that: In an English ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 311
30 votes
4 answers
63k views

How to (re)run Biber on the file

I got this message "Please (re)run Biber on the file: output and rerun LaTeX afterwards." and I don't know how to rerun Biber. Sorry I'm a beginner.
Djamel's user avatar
  • 301
30 votes
4 answers
5k views

Publishing to Arxiv using Biblatex-Biber

As I have read, one should transition to Biblatex-Biber. Many sites indicating that Biber is far superior to \bibitem's in a latex file or Biblatex backend=BibTex. Thus, I have begun the transition of ...
Bobby Ocean's user avatar
29 votes
2 answers
77k views

No `\citation`, `\bibdata` or `\bibstyle` command [duplicate]

I am following the biblatex in a nutshell (for beginners) and meet this error during compiling BiBTeX: This is BibTeX, Version 0.99d (MiKTeX 2.9.6500) The top-level auxiliary file: test.aux I found ...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 1,490
27 votes
3 answers
7k views

Clean .bbl files with latexmk -C

I use TeXLive 2012 and compile with run latexmk -pvc -pdf -quiet test.tex later I clean the directory with latexmk -C But test.bbl remains. How can I help latexmk to find bbl files? test.bbl (...
Jonas Stein's user avatar
  • 8,929
26 votes
3 answers
9k views

Error with percent sign in bib entry field when using biblatex/biber

I'm trying to use biblatex (v1.5a) with biber (v0.9.3) instead of BibTeX but I am having a problem with bib entries, where the abstract contains a percent sign. In that case, in the bbl file the ...
michaelS's user avatar
  • 263
24 votes
2 answers
6k views

Customising emacs to use biblatex-biber instead of bibtex

I use biblatex, but I still go through running bibtex on my .bib files, rather than biblatex-biber, which is/will be preferred. How do I arrange for C-c C-c to run the relevant biber command, rather ...
Seamus's user avatar
  • 73.4k
24 votes
2 answers
14k views

month field not an integer, will not sort properly

With biber 2.6 comes a unnecassary warning: [15251] Utils.pm:164> WARN - month field 'Apr' in entry 'GSP+08' is not an integer - this will probably not sort properly. Is the three letter month ...
Bernhard Kleine's user avatar
24 votes
2 answers
30k views

biblatex biber to \bibitem

I am a LaTeX really entusiastic newbie. Thus I am writing all my reports and articles using this wonderful tool. Unfortunately the editors of scientific review do not all have the same entusiasm ...
Xochitl C.'s user avatar
24 votes
1 answer
4k views

Very strange error suddenly appeared running Biber

I am on a Mac with MacTex 2020 and ran into a strange problem with Biber. Working on a document all was fine, I did not change the bibliography (says my git) and only fixing typos (not even adding ...
Ronny's user avatar
  • 6,120
23 votes
3 answers
6k views

Exclude \fullcite{...} citation from bibliography

Is there a way to exclude a citation specified in the text by \fullcite{Doe2013} from the bibliography? (I'm using biblatex+biber.)
Wox's user avatar
  • 799
22 votes
2 answers
4k views

Biber exiting with error code 2 but no error messages

I get the following output (terminal output and blg log file) from running biber build/essay. It fails with error code 2 but doesn't give any error message... how helpful! [0] Config.pm:311> INFO - ...
Noldorin's user avatar
  • 890
22 votes
2 answers
12k views

Using Biber with latexmk

With version 4.22, latexmk claims to [s]upport the use of biber (with the biblatex package) as an alternative to bibtex for generating bibliographies, with automatic determination of whether to use ...
lockstep's user avatar
  • 251k
21 votes
5 answers
19k views

How to automate using biber in MiKTeX-TeXworks

I have MikTeX 2.9, 32-bit, Windows 7, all the latest updates are there. I'm using TeXworks ( pdflatex + makeindex + bibtex). When I use biblatex package with option [backend=biber] I have no ...
Oleksandr's user avatar
  • 967
20 votes
1 answer
3k views

Converting from biblatex to BibTeX format using biber

I wish to use biblatex+biber, in large part because of its data format (xdata!), but often need to use .bst-based bibliography styles. I am aware that biber --tool allows conversion of .bib-files. ...
equaeghe's user avatar
  • 6,056
19 votes
5 answers
2k views

Biber 2.4, microtype, and special characters

I just performed an update of all packages in my texlive distribution (2015) and now I'm having trouble combining biber+biblatex with the microtype package. The error seems to arise only when using '...
apc's user avatar
  • 848
19 votes
3 answers
34k views

How to fix the incompatility between BiBer and BiBLaTeX versions in TeXmaker?

I can't get citations to work with 32-bit MikTeX and TexMaker. It seems like my Biber and biblatex versions are out of sync but I don't know how to sync them, other than by using the "synchronize" ...
BNasmith's user avatar
  • 191
18 votes
4 answers
5k views

Non-ASCII characters in Biblatex

I am using biblatex with backend=biber and the following .bib file: @article{concellon_synthesis_2006, title = {Synthesis of Enantiopure ({αS,βS)-} or ({αR,βS)-β-Amino} Alcohols by Complete ...
gncs's user avatar
  • 552
18 votes
2 answers
4k views

What characters are allowed to use as delimiters for BibTeX keys?

Surprisingly, I wasn't able to find the list of symbols which can be used for separating fields in BibTeX keys. Many programming languages have their own lists of exceptions, but it seems there is ...
andselisk's user avatar
  • 2,675
18 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is it possible to define macros in bib-files?

I need to have the 'registered trademark' sign all over my bib-file. Therefore I would like to define a macro for this. Is something like the following possible (I am using biber as backend)? % begin ...
sergej's user avatar
  • 6,461
18 votes
2 answers
4k views

Bibliography with BibLaTeX: Do not abbreviate first given (first) name and abbreviate all further given names

The first given name of an author or editor in my bibliography should be written out, but all further first names should be abbreviated (initials with a period -- and space if there are multiple first ...
G. H.'s user avatar
  • 183
18 votes
2 answers
18k views

Dummies Guide to Biber

I've spent a good deal of time searching the forum and couldn't find a user-friendly guide to citations with biber using TeXShop or TeXworks on a Mac. I'd like to successfully reproduce a slightly ...
gravityflyer's user avatar
18 votes
4 answers
3k views

Which biblatex/biber version produces BBL format 2.8?

I try to submit an article with citations to arxiv.org, and the TeX output says Package biblatex Warning: File 'main.bbl' is wrong format version - expected 2.8. Okay, so my local biblatex/biber ...
Nico Schlömer's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
20k views

Missing 'biblatex' package

I'm attempting to create a bibliography using biber, via Tex Live (installed on a Linux Mint 11 machine). My source .bib file is: @article{simon06, author = {Simon, E. and Flaschker, N. and ...
a coder's user avatar
  • 321
17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Input encoding error after upgrading from Biber 1.9 to Biber 2.1

Under biber 2.1 my biblatex produces input encoding errors. The same procedures worked smoothly under biblatex 2.9a/biber 1.9, now that I upgraded to biblatex 3.0/biber 2.1 I get the following message ...
cth's user avatar
  • 331
17 votes
3 answers
484 views

Why do we need add on programs like Biber and MakeIndex?

The creation of biblatex has made bst files obsolete allowing the formatting to be done by LaTeX and not an add on program like BibTeX, but it didn't completely eliminate the need for an add on ...
StrongBad's user avatar
  • 20.6k
17 votes
3 answers
3k views

How to disable percent-encoding in URLs?

I try to add a unicode URL into the bibliography and LaTeX automatically converts the cyrillyc letters into percent-encoding. I found that hyperref is responsible for this, but I found no way to ...
Himura's user avatar
  • 913

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