Questions tagged [delimiters]

{delimiters} are characters used to specify the boundary between separate blocks/groups of text. They are typically used in {macros} or {math-mode} constructions.

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2
votes
0answers
64 views

Are there open braces ⦃⦄ in some standard package for [pdf]latex? [duplicate]

I would like to get the white curly brackets ⦃ and ⦄ with pdflatex and latex (not with {xe|lua}latex). Is it possible to get these symbols without loading stix (or, at least, without loading all of ...
2
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3answers
70 views

left brace too tall with top-aligned aligned inside list

I have a list, where the item content is supposed to be systems of two linear equations, grouped with a big left brace. I would like the top equation from the system to have the same baseline as the ...
1
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1answer
28 views

`evaluate at` delimiters

I am using the \DeclarePairedDelimiterXPP command from the mathtools package to declare some new delimiters, for which scaling can be turned on and off easily. Specifically, I want to declare the ...
4
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2answers
53 views

Overly large parentheses for binomial coefficient with mtpro2

Using the lite (or complete) version of mtpro2 results in binomial coefficient with overly large parentheses. How to fix it? The ideal solution should work in inline math as well as in subscript and ...
2
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3answers
52 views

How a program a command which counts the delimiter within itself and alternates brackets accordingly?

Is it possible to define a command which defines a delimiter which alternates round, square, brackets brackets in the formulas? The command would count if it has other 'mydelimiter' within itselft ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

DeclareMathDelimiter not working with Unicode font

I am unable to get \DeclareMathDelimiter to work correctly with a Unicode font. I get the same results with XeLaTex and LuaLaTex. The custom font has a MATH table defined with both size variants and ...
9
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2answers
122 views

Understanding Implicit Delimiters/Terminators

[I encourage you to check out Phelype's impressive approach] I hear about macros that do things like "expand until they reach an unexpandable token" and this question may (or may not) be related to ...
3
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3answers
66 views

Change the default size of square brackets in latex math mode

Personally I think the default size of square brackets in latex math mode is too small. For example, for an interval [a,b], I would prefer \big[\big] as opposed to plain []. My question is, what can I ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Bold \Big parenthesis in math mode

Is there a way to print a bold \Big parenthesis in math mode? If yes, is there also a way to print a bold parenthesis of any size (up to \Bigg for instance). I've tried the following approach but it ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Missing delimiter (. inserted) when using pmatrix

I am trying to compile this and I get the 'Missing delimiter (. inserted)' error even though overleaf manages to display what I want \documentclass{article} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Parentheses between \big and \Big

Is there a way to create parentheses in math mode that have an extension between that of the commands \big (too small) and \Big (too big)? The amsmath package documentation defines the delimiters in ...
2
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2answers
42 views

Using `\left(` and `right)` puts a space after an operator [duplicate]

When I use \left( and \right) to get appropriately sized parentheses for an operator, a space is created between the operator and the parentheses. I think it looks bad. Is it intentional? If so, why? ...
1
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2answers
80 views

Customizing math symbol “evaluated at” - Vertical bar growing up only below

I'd like to customize the math symbol "evaluated at". If I use the code: \documentclass[11pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{equation*} \frac{d}{dt} \left( i_{O_L} \Bigr|_{...
0
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1answer
174 views

yhmath impact on radical symbols and delimiters

In November 2014 I had an issue with this code and yhmath package: \sqrt{n+\sqrt{(n-1)+\sqrt{(n-2)+\dotsb+\sqrt{2+\sqrt{1}}}}} Depending on whether that package was being used or not (and AMS-...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Length of matrix delimiters using TikZ

I'm trying to explain the Sarrus method and to draw the lines between nodes I'm using the tikz and matrix packages. However, when the delimiters are not parentheses but vertical bars (and also ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Replacing function, how to use + as delimiter

I am using a function for summing numbers like in paper and my input at arguments is like this: \showsum{123+456} I need to replace the custom function with other from package xlop - \opadd. I want ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Error showing “ ! Missing delimiter (. inserted).” when I am using \bigg

This code is bringing an error: We get, $g\begin{pmatrix}r&0\\0&1/r\end{pmatrix}=\bigg\( g\begin{pmatrix}r&0\\0&1/r\end{pmatrix}\bigg\)^{-1}\Rightarrow g\begin{pmatrix}r&0\\0&...
1
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1answer
30 views

Variant of \left, \right, …that gets ignored in inlinemath

I am trying to construct a variant of \left, \right, and \middle that are ignored in inlinemath. Intended behavior: \[ \lft( 2^{2^2} \rgt) \] -> behaves as \[ \left( 2^{2^2} \right) \] \( \lft( 2^{...
6
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1answer
68 views

Missing space with DeclarePairedDelimiter

I’m trying to define an abs command for absolute values using DeclarePairedDelimiter from the mathtools package, but I’m running into some spacing issues. I’d normall write \sup_n \abs{a_n} defined ...
4
votes
4answers
246 views

How to typeset an invisible paired delimiter, preferably using MathTools?

I'm trying to typeset the simplification/expansion of a fraction using the notation below, but I would like the numerator to be centered and the 5\cdot 4) to be to the left and above of the entire ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Custom size delimters [duplicate]

I am in the situation where I want delimiters that are bigger that \big, but smaller than \Big (see example). \documentclass{article} \usepackage{mathtools} \usepackage[libertine]{newtxmath} \begin{...
5
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1answer
62 views

Superfluous space with mtpro2 after making \left/\right into \mathopen/\mathclose

This question adds another reason why one shouldn’t abuse the \left and \right pair Automatic delimiter sizing through a \left and \right pair should always be avoided, with few ...
6
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2answers
266 views

What is the internal LaTeX working logic for \left and \right with delimiters?

I am reading about latex and in several books is written that to be able to size the delimiter to the vertical size of formula I need to use \left and \right. I understand that part. But I am ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Align large horizontal brackets to columns of a table?

Similar to this question, but the brace should cross multiple columns instead of rows. For example: animal plant -------/\-------- -------/\---------- / \ / ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Compile only what's inside command

I'm looking for a way to compile only what's inside a given command (or an environment). I'm doing a PhD and this way, I'll be able to have a full document with some poorly written sections, for ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

How to create new delimiters: dashed \langle and \rangle?

A minimal working example is as follows: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsfonts,lipsum} \begin{document} $\langle 1,2,a,b\rangle$ \end{document} Question: How to create variants of \langle ...
3
votes
3answers
53 views

Delimiter size in fraction produces unwanted blank space

I am using amsmath in a two-column IEEEtran document class and at a certain point I typed this equation: \begin{equation} A = \sum_{j=1}^{J} \frac{\left[ e^{-\left( \frac{x_1^a}{2\sigma^2} \right)...
0
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0answers
54 views

Are these three commands \bigl( , \big( and \bigr( interchangeable? [duplicate]

I am looking for the visual differences between \big(, \bigl(, and \bigr( in math mode?
0
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0answers
75 views

Invisible delimiter not rendered correctiy with STIX Two

I am currently using unicode-math STIX Two Math fonts, and XeLaTeX. I found that the invisible delimiter cannot be rendered correctly: Here's the code: \[h(x)=\begin{cases} 1, & \mbox{if } \...
4
votes
2answers
264 views

How to prevent an underbrace, with a subscript, from affecting the sizes of delimiters

In MathJax, I had occasion to write this: \Big\| \Big( \,\underbrace{0,\ldots,0}_n, \frac 1 {n+1}, \frac 1 {n+2}, \frac 1 {n+3}, \ldots \Big) \Big\| I used \Big instead of \left and \right|. If I ...
2
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2answers
53 views

Delimiter not increasing for vertical bar

We are using XITS-Bold font for math, in the case of vertical bar the size has not increased. But in the case square and round bracket it works fine. Please suggest how to solve this. Is it possible ...
6
votes
2answers
314 views

Blank delimiter in math mode

I'm using mathtools command \DeclarePairedDelimiters to create parentheses that stretches vertically: \DeclarePairedDelimiters{\paren}{\lparen}{\rparen} \paren*{\frac{a}{b}}_c For those who don't ...
5
votes
3answers
215 views

Same spacing around “\middle|” as around “\mid”

I need to write some equations that contain something like (A | B). I could write \left( A \middle| \right), but this changes spacing around external parentheses, as expained in many topics like this....
5
votes
2answers
319 views

Delimiter error again

How can I fix my delimiter error? \begin{equation} \begin{split} \ln⁡\Gamma(z)=\ln\biggl[\frac{1}{z} e^{- z\gamma}\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}\biggl[\frac{1}{(1+z/n)} e^{z/n}\biggr]\biggr] &=-\ln⁡z+\ln e^...
17
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1answer
1k views

What is the purpose of “\left.”, i.e., “\left” followed by a period?

What is the purpose of \left., i.e., \left followed by a period? Similarly for \right. E.g. for \right. and \left (no period) begin{eqnarray}\label{Dsys} \textcolor[rgb]{.25,.0,.8}{% \left\{\...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

escaping brackets in description environment

i didn't find a working solution to escape brackets [ ] inside a description. \begin{description} \item[\$ chmod [options] mode \textless filename \textgreater] change filepermissions: chmod -v u+rwx ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

How to emphasize in a listing and keep source columns aligned?

I use moredelim with * to highlight some text in my lstlisting. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{listings} \usepackage[LY1]{fontenc} \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{ptm} \renewcommand{\ttdefault}{...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Biblatex punctuation recognition

I'm trying to switch to biblatex/biber. I started using the authortitle style for the bibliography. For my thesis I need lots of changes in the style. Along the way I changed the separator between ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

My solution to small brackets and missing delimiter (. inserted) error

Problem: \begin{equation} \begin{split} S_{2(n+1)}^{(1)}=\frac{2}{\Gamma(n+1)}\int_{0}^{G}dxx^{2n+1}[-1+\\ +n_{1}(\frac{\pi}{\alpha})^{3/2}\sideset{}{'}\sum_{l}e^{-k_{l}^{2}a^{2}/...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Explain this code to me: Doubled delimiters

So a while ago I asked this question on doubled delimiters. I found this piece of code and adapted it into the following: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{mathtools} \DeclarePairedDelimiterX{\...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

A Delimiter Error

LaTeX indicates a delimiter error for the following written code. Please help me if possible. \begin{equation} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t^{2}}}\exp \biggl⁡[(z^{2}+z'^{2})+\frac{2zz't- (z^{2}+z'^...
8
votes
2answers
549 views

Extensible triple-bracket delimiter with a new symbol

\DeclarePairedDelimiter allows one to define extensible delimiters (for example using the \big option). An example is provided below with double brackets. I need a similar delimiter with triple ...
9
votes
3answers
330 views

Making square brackets more similar to \lfloor

The square brackets [x] in math mode get typeset quite different from the floor and ceiling delimiters \lfloor etc. For the square brackets, there is less spacing to the inner characters, and also ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Use \delimiterfactor with slash (xits)

I am trying to slightly reduce the dimensions of the \slash delimiter with \delimiterfactor. \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{unicode-math} \setmathfont{xits-math.otf} \begin{document} \...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Missing `$` inserted because of `\left`

I was trying to use the answer from this question to make a png of a math equation. I'm using the very simple file: \documentclass[convert={density=300,size=800x800,outext=.png},border=1pt]{...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Usign variable size delimiters with text

I am trying to make the following in LaTeX: However, I have the following error when I try to make something like this using \left and \right: Please use \mathaccent for accents in math mode. \add@...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

tikz matrix delimiters when nodes size is defined by “minimum size”

studding CarLaTeX answer on question i find unexpected behavior of tikz matrix delimiter: if the size of math nodes are determined by text width=... and text height=..., than delimiters work as ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Is there a way to insert right braces and text to the right of a matrix using LYX? [duplicate]

Is there a way to typeset this in LYX without using ERT? If not, how do I code it in Lyx?
0
votes
1answer
230 views

Unicode-math: How to get a nice function restriction (despite shorter delimiters and lower subscript baseline)?

I'm using function restriction notation like here, but after switching to XeLaTeX with unicode-math I noticed that it looks slightly odd. Here's a minimal working example \documentclass{minimal} \...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

delimiter error [closed]

I don't know what's wrong with this code. I tried and it seems that the extreme "\bigg"s (the first and the last one) cause delimiter error. \begin{equation} \lim_{\rho\rightarrow0} \...