Questions tagged [equations]

{equations} is about the various environments to typeset displaystyle mathematics, e.g. equation and {align}. For general questions about mathematical typesetting use {math-mode}. Both tags are possible on the same question.

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42
votes
4answers
16k views

Sharing alignment between equations in two different items

In the following minimal example, I have two equations inside an itemize environment, with an item per equations. Each equation is defined in its own equation environment. \documentclass{article} \...
41
votes
1answer
12k views

Breaking equations with breqn

I am new to using the breqn package. It looks good, but I get an odd behaviour when an equation can almost fit in the page but not quite: the alignment gets completely wrong. Is there a way to fix ...
40
votes
3answers
58k views

Adding letters to equation numbers

I want to number use a equation and add a letter to the equation number such as: f(x) =a x and g(x) = b x (3.1.1a,b) That is e.g. using \begin{equation} ... \label{eq} \end{...
39
votes
1answer
14k views

What is the difference between \notag and \nonumber in align environment?

I use \notag or \nonumber in align environment but there seems no any difference when display. What is the difference between these two commands?
38
votes
4answers
40k views

Big forward slash in math

I have an equation in from of a=VERYBIGSTUFF / VERYBIGSTUFF And I would like to have a "verybig" forward slash in the middle of them. I don't like \frac mode, as I would like to have them left-...
38
votes
1answer
15k views

How to vertically align underbraces

I am trying to balance underbraces in the equation below, how can I ensure that both underbraces at the same depth? \begin{equation} y = \underbrace{ \left [ x^2 + r^2 (a^2+\frac{a^{0.3}}{b}) \right]}...
38
votes
3answers
21k views

Guidelines for typesetting fractions

I realize that this question is to some extent subjective. However, I suspect that there are some common standards regarding how fractions ought to be typeset in mathematics. The guide Mathematical ...
38
votes
1answer
104k views

Multiline equation without number

I am trying to have a multiline equation without any numbering, even not in the last one. \begin{align} a = x \nonumber \\ b = y \end{align} However, this is producing a line number in the last line,...
38
votes
2answers
65k views

How to put the QED symbol of a proof at the right place inside align?

When a proof ends with a formula in equation or equation* environment, putting \qedhere after the equation would cause the QED symbol to appear in the right place. I.e. at the end of the line in which ...
38
votes
1answer
96k views

What is the difference between `split`, `multline`, `align`, `breqn` for breaking an equation into multiple lines?

Sorry, if this question sounds a bit amateurish, but I haven't been able to find a good summary about the differences between these four environments for multi-lining an equation. Where do they differ ...
37
votes
1answer
60k views

How can I add left aligned text to an equation?

I have a document I am trying to copy to learn TeX. Here is what I have encountered: How can I have the "or" in the equation. This is what I have right now: \[ f = ma; \] But $a$ is the change in ...
37
votes
1answer
55k views

Double square brackets

In many equation editors (e.g. MS Word 2007 and Daum Equation Editor), there's a double square bracket. Is there a TeX equivalent for [[, ((, )), and ]]?
37
votes
5answers
6k views

LaTeX accessibility

Does anyone know of any LaTeX modules that makes the pdf output generated by pdflatex Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)/Section 508 compliant? Specifics: With regard to math. One simple ...
37
votes
2answers
11k views

What's the difference between split and aligned?

I don't understand the difference between the split and aligned environments introduced by amsmath, so I'm posting this question as a place to collect what subtle details there may be. One thing ...
36
votes
1answer
43k views

Change font size of an align environment

In a document, I'd like to change the font size of a single align environment (not globally throughout the document). What is the proper way to do this? I've been using Preceding paragraph. {\tiny ...
35
votes
2answers
15k views

Period after math-mode equation

If I write If $x \rightarrow y$, then $y \rightarrow z$. it looks fine. But if the sentence is more involved and formulas longer, I tend to change $...$ to \[...\]. In many cases I think the result ...
35
votes
3answers
58k views

How to provide a definition for symbols in a LaTeX math equation?

Say I have an equation: x = R + E What's the best way to provide a definition for R and E? Is there a way to include a line under the equation saying what the variables mean (i.e. a "where" clause)? ...
35
votes
1answer
49k views

Placing equation numbers on the right

I am new to TeX and am using scribtex to write a maths paper. When I put the followng code, the equation number is automatically displayed on the left, instead of in the right as is usually done. What ...
35
votes
1answer
57k views

Reset equation numbering after each section

I would like to reset equation numbering after each section or subsection. Right now I use \setcounter{equation}{0} I saw in another page you could also reset it by adding the following line to the ...
35
votes
2answers
15k views

Left/Right across multi-line equation

I have a multi-line equation that I want to have matching sized parentheses. The advice I read online was to use \left( equation \right. \\ left. rest-of-equation \right) . However, this syntax leaves ...
34
votes
1answer
12k views

Using braces to label parts of an equation

Given an equation, say Bayes' rule, $P(X \mid O) \propto P(X)P(O \mid X)$ how do I label the different parts of the equation using curly braces?
33
votes
1answer
52k views

One column equation in twocolumn document class

I am writing a paper (revtex4-1, reprint documentclass which I believe uses twocolumn) and need to have a long equation that needs to break the two column format. I've seen answers to this question ...
32
votes
6answers
8k views

Which equations should be numbered? [closed]

Is the best practice to number all equations, or just those that will be referred to?
32
votes
2answers
112k views

Using “cases” inside “equation” gives error[with “amsmath” loaded]

I'm trying to use the cases environment inside an equation environment. The sample code is quite simple: \begin{equation*} X(\omega) = \begin{cases} 1 \text{se $\omega ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

How to avoid widow lines after displayed equations

If a displayed equation is close to the bottom of the page, TeX likes to insert a page break even if the current paragraph contains only one more line after the equation, as e.g. in ... it follows ...
31
votes
6answers
10k views

How to make an equation more compact?

I have an equation that wastes a lot of space around the union symbol: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[cmex10]{amsmath} \usepackage{amssymb} \begin{document} \begin{equation} RA_U \left ( new ,...
31
votes
3answers
11k views

Why doesn't lineno number a paragraph when it is followed by an “align” equation environment without a space?

lineno skips the line numbering in this case: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{lineno} \linenumbers \begin{document} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing ...
31
votes
2answers
94k views

How to link an equation in LaTeX

I am wondering how I can link an equation in LaTeX, I mean when I click on the link then I'll be directed to that specific equation.
31
votes
4answers
5k views

Getting a tikz picture to have an equation number

I make a lot of commutative diagrams and am trying to switch to Tikz from amcd,diagrams, etc. I often have to refer to these diagrams in the text and would rather have them as equations (i.e. with and ...
31
votes
2answers
4k views

Typesetting Right-to-Left math

UPDATE: I've managed to produce something that is aesthetically correct, however with a lot of "hardcoding" and trial and error to manually measure my spaces. Not to mention that I have to write my ...
30
votes
2answers
47k views

Custom equations' names

Do you know how I can call a reference to an equation using \ref or \eqref and obtain the (name of the equation) instead of the standard counter?
30
votes
1answer
34k views

! You can't use `\eqno' in math mode

what is wrong with this??? please,can anyone help? \begin{equation} \label{probabilityy} P^{t}({E_{0})=P_{0}+(1-P_{0})P_{1}+ (1-P_{0})(1-P_{1})P_{2}+.......+P_{n}\Pi_{k_{0}}^{n-1}(1-P_{k}) \end{...
30
votes
2answers
6k views

Should one use thousands separators in equations?

I understand that this is not strictly a TeX question but I have recently been asked to correct an equation presented as the first example in the image below to that of the second example i.e., to use ...
30
votes
2answers
1k views

Equation connected by lines

I have written a code that defines a new environment in which aligned equation are connected by lines as in the image: I think it is useful when, inside the align environment, there is the need of ...
29
votes
3answers
85k views

Two sets of aligned equations in two columns?

Say I have a set of equations: (1) \begin{align} wx&=u\\ wy&=v\\ w&=10 \end{align} (2) \begin{align} x&=u/w\\ y&=v/w\\ \end{align} How can I do the following: put (1) and (2) ...
29
votes
5answers
19k views

Why doesn't lineno number a paragraph when it is followed by an indented equation?

While searching for the source of missing line numbers, I realized that paragraphs followed immediately by an equation have no line number, but this is fixed when a space is included, e.g. the ...
29
votes
4answers
7k views

Exporting all equations from a document as individual svg files

I'm currently a presentation based on a paper originally written in Latex. Currently, I use Kile and Ubuntu for my work. What I'm finding is that I need a large number of the equations from the ...
29
votes
1answer
67k views

Gather vs aligned - centered equation with one number

What is the way to achieve something between gather and aligned? \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \begin{document} \begin{gather} ...
28
votes
4answers
102k views

How can I decrease spaces between equations?

\documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{mwrep} \renewcommand\baselinestretch{1.5} \begin{document} \chapter{Test} Text text text text text text text text text text \begin{equation} 1 + 2 + 3 = 6 \end{...
28
votes
1answer
13k views

Equation reference undefined when using \cref and package{amsmath}

When I attempt to reference an equation using \cref{..} while also using the package amsmath the references appear as ?? in the outputted pdf. For example \documentclass[]{article} \usepackage{...
28
votes
3answers
43k views

Citing the source of an equation?

I cant find a good way of adding a \cite to an equation. I'd like to give a reference to the equation's source, but I can't figure out how to typeset it nicely. If I include it in with the equation ...
28
votes
1answer
4k views

Does a tool exist which can take a LaTeX equation and convert it to a format suitable for evaluation in Wolfram's Mathematica?

I use LaTeX to type up my homework, but as I work I often need to pop things into Mathematica (or manually type them in, or manually use my TI-89, etc.). Currently, I've been manually translating ...
27
votes
9answers
1k views

Best typesetting of formula

Consider the following example. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \newcommand*\mathsetfont{\mathbf} \newcommand*\DeclareMathSet[1]{% \expandafter\newcommand\csname set#1\endcsname{\...
27
votes
3answers
20k views

Add equation name underneath equation number

I am wondering if it is possible (and if so how) to add names to equations just underneath the equation number. I am just using the standard equation environment to display the equation centered in ...
27
votes
1answer
204k views

How to left align a set of equations

I wanted to left align a set of equations. I've tried the solution provided in aligning to the left. It worked. But, I wanted to have a single equation number for the entire flalign in order to refer ...
26
votes
6answers
11k views

Multiline equation with LHS alone on first line?

I would like my multiline equations to look like this: Left-hand-side of my equation = right-hand-side number 1 = right-hand-side number 2 = etc. I know there is a simple way to do this, ...
26
votes
4answers
10k views

Intertext vertical spacing

How do I reduce the vertical spacing of \intertext?
26
votes
2answers
148k views

label multiple lines of equations [duplicate]

Suppose I have the equations \begin{align} f(x) = x^2 g(x) = \exp( x ) \end{align} I would like to use on single label for these lines, and ideally the equation number would be placed vertically ...
26
votes
0answers
834 views

Advanced Math and braille

How does one go about typesetting math books in braille with all parenthesized subscripts and superscripts and are there braille signs for the amsmath package special symbols?
25
votes
3answers
17k views

How to increase the spacing between equations in “gather”?

Is there a way to consistently increase the vertical spacing between equation lines in a gather (or gather*) environment from amsmath? Specifically, I want to produce something like \begin{gather*} ...

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