Questions tagged [floats]

{floats} is about the floating environments figure, table and other, custom-defined floats, and concerns issues such as positioning, labelling, captioning, indexing and listing of said floats. For questions specifically about formatting a float caption, consider using {captions}.

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591
votes
2answers
376k views

How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX?

How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX? This is a general question and should collect useful answers for all users. I hope we can use this as a reference
316
votes
9answers
324k views

Keeping tables/figures close to where they are mentioned

Is there any package or a method to force LaTeX to keep floating environments like table and figure closer to where they are declared?
175
votes
4answers
122k views

Continuous v. per-chapter/section numbering of figures, tables, and other document elements

Some document elements (e.g., figures in the book class) are numbered per chapter (figure 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, ...). How can I achieve continuous numbering (figure 1, 2, 3, ...)? And vice versa: Some ...
265
votes
2answers
194k views

Should I use center or centering for figures and tables?

What is the correct way to center figures and tables (figure, table)? \begin{center} ... \end{center} or \begin{centering} ... \end{centering}
188
votes
3answers
117k views

Center figure that is wider than \textwidth

I have a figure that is wider than the \textwidth of my document. (I don't want to change the \textwidth.) As a result, the leftmost part of the figure is flush with the left margin, while the ...
433
votes
4answers
1.1m views

Force figure placement in text

I have a problem when a lot of figures are in question. Some figures tend to "fly around", that is, be a paragraph below, although I placed them before that paragraph. I use code: \begin{figure}[ht] \...
164
votes
4answers
135k views

Two figures side by side

How can I put two figures side-by-side? Not two sub-figures, but two actual figures with separate "Fig.: bla bla" captions. A figure is supposed to spread over the entire text width, but I have two ...
142
votes
3answers
66k views

subcaption vs. subfig: Best package for referencing a subfigure

On this question, a comment by Martin H says: that one should forget about the subfigure and subfig packages and use subcaption. As subfig replaces subfigure, no argument there. I am currently using ...
17
votes
1answer
30k views

How to put a full-width table at the top or bottom of the same two-column page as the reference text?

I'm posting today because I would like to reduce white space in a document I'm writing. The content is two-columns but I have floating tables that span across both columns (table*). At some point, ...
172
votes
4answers
98k views

How do I ensure that figures appear in the section they're associated with?

Often floats may land quite a bit later in the document than the point they are created, sometimes after a section break. Is there a way to force a new section to start on a new page, after any ...
108
votes
1answer
11k views

How to include a picture over two pages, left part on left side, right on right (for books)?

When writing a long book (from 300 to over a 1000 pages), there is often need to include large pictures and one wishes to have them displayed over two pages, left half on the left page, right half on ...
221
votes
12answers
196k views

Using \footnote in a figure's \caption

Maybe this is an easy one, but I struggled with this now too long :) I want to have a footnote in a caption of a figure, see the example. \begin{figure}[!ht] \caption{a figure caption\footnote{...
298
votes
4answers
1.2m views

LaTeX figures side by side [duplicate]

I want to place 2 images side by side in LaTeX. I have 2 .png files and I don't understand how to do it in LaTeX. I have tried many ways but could not get a good result.
97
votes
3answers
144k views

Change caption name of figures

How can I modify the caption name of a figure? For example I have \caption{This is a figure.} and by default the caption appears as Figure 1: This is a figure. However I want Fig.1 - This is ...
72
votes
2answers
56k views

How to make a figure span on two columns in a scientific paper?

If I just try to set the figure's size to 0.9\textwidth my figure will just end up on the right column, sized to be two-columns wide. Has anyone done this before?
27
votes
2answers
9k views

How to place a float at the top of a floats-only page?

I just got a short algorithm on my page, and it keeps getting aligned at the center of the page. But I want to have it aligned at the top, what do I have to do?
85
votes
2answers
139k views

Table and figure side-by-side with independent captions

Looking to put a table and a figure side by side so that the table and figure have their own captions. A crude sketch ------------ ----------------- TABLE | a | b | ...
75
votes
2answers
97k views

How to change the spacing between figures/tables and text?

I was wondering if there is any way to lessen the spaces between figures and text. In my paper I have a lot of figures (graphics) and it is inconvenient for me to have default (large) spaces between ...
139
votes
6answers
89k views

Why should a table caption be placed above the table?

In the papers I read the caption in figure floats is placed below the figure and in table floats the caption is placed above the table. I recognize that this is a common style that a lot of people ...
28
votes
5answers
16k views

How to avoid splitting tables between sections

I have 5 tables and a section after them. After creation of an output file I have two tables on one page, then a section and last 3 tables on next page. What I want to achieve is to put tables and ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How can i change the fontsize with KOMA-script?

I need to change the fontsize to 11pt inside a table environment. The default setting of the document is 12pt using scrartcl, but I need to change this to exact 11pt in the float (the reason is that ...
42
votes
4answers
6k views

Why should the “H” option not be used in floats?

Every now and then a question/answer with a float environment with option H appears, and every time someone points out that this option should not be used. However, I haven't found a specific post ...
136
votes
1answer
360k views

Displaying a wide figure in a two-column document [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to make a figure span on two columns in a scientific paper? It's my first time working with a two-column document (declared as an argument to \documentclass) and I need to ...
36
votes
5answers
47k views

Rotate picture with caption

How can I rotate both a picture and its title in TeX? Parameter in \includegraphics allows to rotate only a picture.
50
votes
4answers
159k views

Placing figures inside a two-column document

I'm trying to get images in my document in two different ways: On top of the entire page, centered On top of a single column I tried it with both twocols and multicols. I ruled out twocols because ...
15
votes
1answer
8k views

How to protect text from being split by a float?

Given following situation: \begin{figure}[ht!] ... \end{figure} \begin{equation} ... \end{equation} Some one-line text. \begin{eqnarray} ... ... \end{eqnarray} how can I make ...
107
votes
7answers
119k views

How can I get the figures not to be pushed to the end of the document?

For some reason, my figures get pushed to the end of the document. I tried begin{figure}[t], [h] and other options, but none helped. Any ideas how to get the figures to appear much earlier in the ...
88
votes
5answers
75k views

Too many unprocessed floats

I'm trying to a large number of figures. The code is \begin{figure} \includegraphics[scale=0.5]{m2T4.pdf} \caption{M2T, Problem Size 513} \end{figure} I'm not able to compile, I get the error ! ...
29
votes
5answers
9k views

New figure environment

I am writing my PhD thesis. In my manuscript I have Figures in the text and Photographic plates (a figure of figures) in the annexes. The two elements are different and I would like create a new ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

How to float until on left (or right) page?

I have two sideways tables that I want on two facing pages so the reader can turn the entire book and read them both in one turn. For the moment I keep moving them around to keep them on facing pages. ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Figures on left pages, text on right ones with class book, numbering only on right pages

My problem is that I would like to have either blank or figures on the left pages, and text on the right ones, with the numbering of the right pages to be 1,2,3,4,5 and not 1,3,5,7. It means, in a ...
21
votes
2answers
6k views

Force floats to be typeset after their occurrence in the source text?

AFAIK a figure or table should always be placed after the first reference to it in the text. So I always place the code for my figures and tables after the paragraph which contains the first ...
44
votes
4answers
113k views

Remove space after figure and before text

I have a figure in my paper (I am using IEEEtran package). After this figure there exists a space between the figure and the text. How can I reduce the size of this white space. To be specific the ...
63
votes
2answers
91k views

How to place a table on a new page with landscape orientation without clearing the current page?

I'd like to place a table on a new page with landscape orientation. To do so, I use \usepackage{pdflscape} ... \pagestyle{empty} \begin{landscape} \begin{table}[htbp] \begin{center} \begin{tabular}{...
28
votes
4answers
13k views

Place figures side by side, spill into outer margin

I would like to place two figures side by side (not subfigures) and what’s more, I’d like to let the figures spill into the outer margin (since they are too wide for the the text width. Like this: (...
38
votes
1answer
3k views

href to an image label - how to jump to the image instead of the caption below the image?

I'm using the following command to embed images in my LaTeX document (which is then rendered as PDF) \newcommand{\img}[4]{ \begin{figure}[!hbt] \centering \vspace{1ex} \...
19
votes
1answer
35k views

Algorithm over 2 pages

I am writing a few rather large pseudocode functions using algorithm and algorithmic, i.e. my code looks something like: \begin{algorithm} \caption{Coolest Algorithm ever} ...
104
votes
3answers
413k views

How to use the placement options [t], [h] with figures? [duplicate]

I want to control the placement of figures. The paper that I am currently writing contains a lot of figures, resulting in some figures ending up in the bibliography section. Therefore I want to ...
75
votes
2answers
325k views

How to fix table position

Table does not show up at the same position it was inserted in the TeX file. I got the understanding through bit of reading on this forum that they are floats and they pick the best place on the ...
76
votes
1answer
44k views

Reference to a figure uses the section's number

One of my sections seems to be using the section number rather than the appropriate figure number for \ref's that point to figures. (Theorems and the like work fine.) As far as I can tell, there's ...
53
votes
2answers
35k views

Turning off and on images in figures

Is it possible to prevent the contents of a figure from being rendered? I have a large book document, and to speed up compiling while working on a draft, I would like to have some way of ignoring the ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

Three-columns text with figures of 2\columnwidth

Although in multicol environment (not the twocolumn option in document class) is problematic to place floats, there are some ways to put figures within a single column or occupying the entire width of ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the following layout possible with the subfigure package?

Is it possible to achieve the following layout with the subfigure package (and any other package/command I don't know about): ############# ############## # # # # # pic1 # # ...
61
votes
3answers
243k views

How to use figure inside a minipage?

I'm trying to include an image, and keep it centered, and prevent from wrapping from the next page. The following code works for that: \begin{minipage}{\textwidth} \begin{center} Caption ...
46
votes
3answers
10k views

Tables below footnotes, is this a good output routine algorithm or a bug?

Consider the minimal code below, which produces two different layouts depending on the table position marks. The first layout uses \begin{table} which results in the table ending below the ...
34
votes
4answers
12k views

Suppress page number for a single page that only contains one large table?

I have a large table that uses up the whole space on a page. Unfortunately, the table also covers the page number, which is shining through. I don't want to split the table across two pages, hence I ...
16
votes
2answers
6k views

Adding word 'Table' before each entry in list of tables

I need to prefix each entry in list of tables and figures with appropriate text - table or figure for each. Also I need to remove chapter numbers from list, because tables are numbered consequently ...
79
votes
1answer
83k views

`h' float specifier changed to `ht' warning when not attempting to specify a float

I'm new to LaTeX and trying to understand the reason why I'm getting the warning: `h' float specifier changed to `ht' I'm not attempting to change the float property of anything - the warning is ...
44
votes
3answers
109k views

Landscape figure in LaTeX

I have a figure I'm trying to insert which is in landscape and I'm using the following (snipped) code: \documentclass[12pt, oneside]{book} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{wrapfig} \usepackage{...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Table and multi-page

I'm writing some sort of book and i've got a very large table. I was wondering if there was a way to span a table not in the length but in the width. In the end, i would like to be able to divide ...