Questions tagged [languages]

{languages} is about the specifics of using languages in (La)TeX documents, e.g. about switching {naming} and {hyphenation} patterns when typesetting multilingual documents. Popular packages are {babel} and {polyglossia}.

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80
votes
5answers
80k views

How does one type Chinese in LaTeX?

Can anyone describe how one can type Chinese in LaTeX? When I compile this: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} 你好吗? \end{document} the resulting document shows nothing. For reference my IME ...
170
votes
6answers
460k views

How to type special/accented letters in LaTeX?

How to type these special letters from European languages in latex? ä, é, and L'?
94
votes
6answers
14k views

What are good ways to make pdflatex output copy-and-pasteable?

One frequent aspect of pdflatex output that could be improved is to what extent one can select text output from the generated pdf-file and copy-and-paste it. This is essentially an issue of having the ...
86
votes
7answers
77k views

Cyrillic in (La)TeX

What are different ways to use Cyrillic in (La)TeX? What are their pros and cons?
73
votes
1answer
8k views

LaTeX Introductions in languages other than English

Inspired by What are good learning resources for a LaTeX beginner?, I thought that it might be useful to collect a list of the many brilliant introductory LaTeX books and tutorials written in ...
54
votes
3answers
52k views

How to write Japanese with LaTeX?

I've recently started to use LaTeX but I've just encountered a problem, I tried searching it, although apparently no-one asked it before. I'd like to write using Japanese input, but when I typeset, ...
24
votes
2answers
3k views

babel: Adding ngerman' s language shorthands to english as the main document language

The (n)german language option of the babel package provides various shorthands related to hyphenation, e.g. "-: "an explicit hyphen sign, allowing hyphenation in the rest of the word" (manual, section ...
21
votes
4answers
14k views

Typesetting a document using Arabic script

I'm using TeXlive (2009-7) on Ubuntu 10.04. I've installed texlive-lang-arabic and I can't find out how should I compose the preamble to be able to use it. The babel's documentation I've found in the ...
20
votes
2answers
900 views

What is the most appropriate way to configure biblatex for use with an unsupported language?

From time to time, I need to typeset Welsh. Sometimes, I need to typeset citations and bibliographies in Welsh. I think that last time I did this, I may still have been using BibTeX although I am ...
100
votes
11answers
246k views

inputenc Error: Unicode char \u8: not set up for use with LaTeX

This is with ref to my previous question Package clash in multilingual report. \documentclass[11pt,table,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{lmodern} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \...
45
votes
6answers
10k views

Is it possible to keep my translation together with original text?

I have an English article in LaTeX, which I'm going to translate to Russian. I want to keep my translation in sync with the original text. It means that I want every paragraph to stay as close to its ...
45
votes
3answers
36k views

Extend a language with additional keywords?

I'm using listings and I want to extend a language with additional keywords for highlightning. I know there is an option morekeywords available, but that only works for a particular lstset declaration ...
25
votes
4answers
8k views

How to write Bengali in LaTeX?

\documentclass{barticle} \title{EkiT pRbn/dh} \author{Ajana elkhk} \date{pNNicesh {oi}bshakh, 1413} \begin{document} \bng \maketitle \section{pRthm pirec/chd} rbiin/dRnaethr EkiT kibtar shuru inec ed{...
28
votes
3answers
7k views

Getting Started to Xetex for Devangari?

I have learn LaTeX for a while. Now, I want to type Indic scripts using Tex and I found that XeTeX is the best because it supports unicode and opentype fonts. But the problem is there are not any ...
32
votes
1answer
94k views

Change Language in \usepackage[<language>]{babel}?

I've been trying to change the language of my LaTeX document by replacing \usepackage[swedish]{babel} with \usepackage[english]{babel} but I only get this message: ! Package babel Error: You haven't ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

\usepackage[turkish]{babel} and \includegraphics inconcistency

Here is my document : \documentclass[12pt]{book} % must-have packages \usepackage[turkish]{babel} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} % This package will support Turkish chars % must-have packages \...
7
votes
2answers
327 views

\DeclareLanguageMappingSuffix, inheritance, and polyglossia in biblatex

I'm having trouble getting language mapping inheritance working properly in biblatex with \DeclareLanguageMappingSuffix and language variants in polyglossia. Consider the following MWE: \...
80
votes
5answers
22k views

What package allows Elvish in TeX?

Anyone who has read The Lord of the Rings will recognise the Elvish script at the top of this page (in the Tengwar alphabet). If this is meant to be an example of what is typesettable in TeX/related ...
45
votes
3answers
59k views

Date format in LaTeX

I use UKenglish package. And the \date command produces the date like so: 10th October 2011. But I want just 10 October 2011; th should be omitted. How can this be done? I tried using datetime package....
29
votes
3answers
3k views

How to create multilingual (English, Japanese) bibliographies with biblatex, biber and polyglossia

I would like to update my bibtex file in a way that allows me to create multilingual bibliographies. Since I publish in English and Japanese, I will need this to work in a way that: In an English ...
23
votes
4answers
15k views

How do I get Korean (Hangul) characters to typeset in LaTeX ?

I've been unable to find a concise answer anywhere else on the web. Since its only a few words, albeit crucial ones, that are in Korean I don't want to have to muck around with HLaTex or deviate from ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

biblatex: per-entry language switching

According to biblatex manual (p.24), the hyphenation field in a bib-entry switches language on per-entry basis: hyphenation field The language of the bibliography entry. The identifier must be a ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Tengwar script in TeX Live

I tried to compile this example but the LaTeX compiler gives the following errors. What can I do? name = tngani, rootname = tngani, pointsize = mktexmf: empty or non-existent rootfile! Cannot find ...
26
votes
3answers
3k views

Specifying multiple hyphenation exception lists for multi-lingual documents

This question led to a new feature in a package: babel By default, (La)TeX fails at hyphenating some words, e.g., the English word potable (should be pot-able) or the German word Mor-dop-fer (...
56
votes
4answers
132k views

babel: english, american, USenglish

Does it make any difference (and if so, which) whether I use english, american, or USenglish as the option for the babel package? I've already looked into the package description, and it seems to be ...
17
votes
4answers
4k views

biblatex: Switching languages for *citations* according to the bibentry's “hyphenation” field

Quoting from section 3.1.2.1 of the biblatex manual: [The babel] option controls which language environment is used if the babel package is loaded and a bibliography entry includes a ...
7
votes
2answers
555 views

How do we get Polyglossia language variants to work with Biblatex bibliographies?

Intro I'm testing development versions of the biblatex package (3.5) with the biber (Date modified 2016-08-03 18:31) backend. These versions add various kinds of date support (e.g. approximate dates, ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Korean characters scrambled [XeLaTeX; Noto Sans Korean]?

I was trying to find a font which has obsolete jamo and the right combining behaviour. Yesterday I found out about Noto Sans, which seems to have both of these. However, when I use it in XeTeX, I get ...
5
votes
1answer
976 views

Translate paragraph environment

I need to translate some reserved word of paragraph environment to my own language; like Chapter, Table of Content, Example, Bibliography, and some more. How do I achieve that? I'm using LyX in Linux. ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Bibtex using the wrong language!

I need to type a bibliography to my final graduation work (in brazilian portuguese) and I am facing a problem with BibTeX. Whenever I add in information like "Edition", it doesn't translate the word "...
39
votes
4answers
30k views

No hyphenation patterns were loaded for the language

I'm using babel package for spanish language. However, each time I compile my document, the package babel throws me a warning: Package babel Warning: No hyphenation patterns were loaded for (babel) ...
14
votes
2answers
5k views

How to automatically include command line session output in documents?

When I write documents that contain source code examples and snippets the listings package is a great solution to include such things. Especially with the \lstinputlisting command and firstline/...
19
votes
3answers
14k views

babel with russian and english language

I need to use Russian in my article, but the default language has to be English. How do I do this? I use: \usepackage[russian]{babel} Result: all chapter names and date are in Russian. Change to: ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

putting a box around each line of text in a paragraph

In my environment I would like to automatically make a box around each individual line of text in a paragraph so that I can operate on each line. I think this should really be done in LaTeX rather ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

A class with default language settings

I want to write a class which loads babel and other language aware packages and pass to all of them the option ngerman as default. But if another language is used in the options of the \documentclass ...
18
votes
3answers
553 views

Changing the suffix according to the figure number

In Turkish (and possibly in other similar languages), there are suffixes that change corresponding to the word they are applied. This also holds for the numbers. For example, in Figure \ref{fig1} ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

How to sort alphabet index in Vietnamese correctly?

I want to use index in Vietnamese Alphabetically. The order must be a, b, c, d, đ, e, ê. But in following code. That order is wrong. The first is "Ê", not "A", the second is "Đ", not "B". How to ...
41
votes
1answer
44k views

Changing babel package inside a single chapter

I have a document written in British English and I am using \usepackage[british]{babel} in the preamble; however, this same document also has an abstract written in a different language, whose ...
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Managing multiple translation of a single document

Consider that you are working on a standard that should be translated into some other languages. The document structure (figures, table structures, ...) is constant among languages. Is there any ...
16
votes
2answers
13k views

Typesetting any language, Vietnamese for example

I have this document which contains Vietnamese characters, and it doesn't compile correctly: \documentclass[letterpaper]{article} \usepackage[vietnam]{babel} \begin{document} Ðàn con chung ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the deal about these semantic vs syntactic commands?

I keep hearing people on this site talking about "semantic" vs "syntactic" commands and that the "semantic" ones are somehow better. I don't really get what they are talking about, could you explain ...
20
votes
1answer
14k views

Switching languages in bibliography with biblatex

I would like to have a bibliography with both Cyrillic and Latin and the main document language being English. How can I make biblatex to automatically switch between languages? (without using XeTeX ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

To have Europocv language table in normal size

Code \documentclass[helvetica,narrow]{europecv} \usepackage{graphicx} % Required to draw the logo \usepackage[colorlinks,allcolors=blue]{hyperref} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \begin{document} \begin{...
5
votes
2answers
846 views

Two abstracts needed in apa6

I am supposed to write a manuscript based on apa6. Unfortunately I am located in Germany, so my professor wants to have 2 (!) abstracts - one in English ("Abstract" - as implemented in apa6 already) ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Punctuation in bibliography with multiple languages

In a document written in a given language (in my case French but it may not matter so much) I have a bibliography mixing entries in different languages (in this case French, English and German). I ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Inserting some Arabic script in an English article

Until now I was using XePersian package to typeset Persian articles, now I want insert some Persian word in an English document, what is minimum code to do that without using XePersian package? \...
4
votes
1answer
502 views

BibLaTeX - The localization without a language key

Generally, we can do the localization by setting the language key in each .bib entry and using \DeclareBibliographyStrings(BibLaTeX Document, p.204). Mendeley can generate .bib resources, but there ...
17
votes
2answers
89k views

How to install a language package in Texmaker on Ubuntu 12.04?

I'm having problems with the babel language package with TeXmaker could someone propose a fix I've typed in \usepackage[french]{babel} and I get the following error: Package babel Warning: No ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Calculate prices

I want to calculate prices in a LaTex file. This means I want to add two numbers with exactly 2 decimal places and I want to multiply these values by an integer. An other thing is the output format. ...
37
votes
3answers
35k views

What's the difference between ngerman and german in babel?

I use the following three packages to get correct German umlauts in the generated PDF: \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} % this is needed for umlauts \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} % this is needed for ...