Questions tagged [line-breaking]

{line-breaking} is about how (La)TeX breaks paragraphs into lines and how those breaks can be influenced.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
722
votes
20answers
821k views

How to add a forced line break inside a table cell

I have some text in a table and I want to add a forced line break. I want to insert a forced line break without having to specify the column width, i.e. something like the following: \begin{tabular}{|...
280
votes
17answers
222k views

Forcing linebreaks in \url

This question led to a new package: xurl I wish to typeset some relatively long URLs in a piece of text, and when I use \url{..}, the resulting text does not respect the margin boundaries that ...
280
votes
7answers
888k views

How can I split an equation over two (or more) lines

I am having the following equation: \begin{equation} Q(\lambda,\hat{\lambda}) = -\frac{1}{2} P(O \mid \lambda ) \sum_s \sum_m \sum_t \gamma_m^{(s)} (t) \left( n \log(2 \pi ) + \log \left| C_m^{(s)} ...
269
votes
2answers
111k views

Manual/automatic line breaks and text alignment in TikZ nodes

How can I insert a line break in a TikZ node? Simply putting \\ where I want the break doesn't work (see MWE). Is there a way to make lines break automatically at some specified width? And can I ...
217
votes
2answers
136k views

When to use \par and when \\, \newline, or blank lines

What is the difference between \par, \newline, \\ and blank lines? When should I use which one?
210
votes
4answers
191k views

What are underfull hboxes and vboxes and how can I get rid of them?

Often, TeX outputs underfull hbox and vbox warnings when running and in the generated log file. What are these and how can I get rid of them?
209
votes
5answers
755k views

How to break a long equation? [duplicate]

I have an equation long enough to occupy two lines. I want to break it to improve readability. How can I break it? \begin{equation} F = \{F_{x} \in F_{c} : (|S| > |C|) \cap (minPixels < |S| &...
200
votes
5answers
8k views

How to define the badness of a river?

I've written an algorithm to try and detect rivers in paragraphs and it actually detects quite a lot when I run it. Some of them are clearly false positives, but there are others that are indeed ...
189
votes
3answers
248k views

What does “overfull hbox” mean? (Why is there a black mark at the end of a line?)

I often see output from TeX with the warning overfull hbox, badness 10000. What does this message mean?
152
votes
1answer
104k views

What is the difference between \newline and \\?

As far as I know, \\ and \newline both insert a new line. But they do not have an identical expansion and tracing shows they do not execute the same commands, so what is their difference?
151
votes
8answers
101k views

Stop LaTeX from breaking an inline math equation

I hope this question was not asked before. At least I haven't found it. I have an inline math equation and LaTeX is breaking it into two parts. In this case I'd prefer to have the whole and short ...
151
votes
1answer
111k views

How to typeset a “small” non-breaking space

I can use ~ to produce a non-breaking space. But it is too large for me, and I would like a non-breaking space of the size of \, for example. Is it possible ?
147
votes
6answers
109k views

How can I write multiple lines in a subscript?

Is there a way to force a line break inside a math mode text? My example: \[ \underbrace{....}_\text{Some long text that should be multiline} \] Trying \text{Some long text that\\ should be ...
137
votes
2answers
150k views

No hyphen for a word

I want to put pdflatex to not put a hyphen in a word went it comes to the end of the line. I tried to put a \- in the beginning or the end of that word but it doesn't work. For example if I put:This ...
132
votes
7answers
125k views

Description list - How to put the definition on a new line?

I have the following LaTeX code: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begin{description} \item[foo] bar \item[baz] bang \end{description} \end{document} and it produces the following PDF: ...
132
votes
8answers
285k views

Error message: There's no line here to end

In a letter-class document that had no previous errors I am suddenly getting the error message: "There's no line here to end" \opening{text} I've used this file many times and today it starts giving ...
117
votes
6answers
67k views

Allowing line break at ',' in inline math mode?

In the inline math mode ($...$), if the formula is too long, LaTeX will try to break it on operators, e.g. very long text followed by a very long equation like $a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l$ etc may be ...
116
votes
7answers
59k views

How to force LaTeX not to break the line after a hyphen “-”?

With ~ we can enforce that no line break occures between two words. But this does not seem to work with special characters. I want LaTeX to enforce not to break the line after the - in (re-)creation. ...
106
votes
6answers
50k views

When should I use non-breaking space?

DEK gained a reputation of painting red the draft dissertations of his students, taking particular note of incidents when they omitted a non-breaking space that should have been included. I have this ...
105
votes
7answers
47k views

Allow line break, but without inserting a dash

I have a sentence that contains a number of long dataset names. I would like to allow LaTeX to break these names at certain positions that I would like to specify somehow just like I can use \- to ...
98
votes
2answers
60k views

Why does underlined text not get wrapped once it hits the end of a line ?

Sometimes I want to underline some text, and it extends past the end of a line. Why does \underline{} not automatically wrap my text for me ? Also, how can I underline text so that it will still ...
97
votes
1answer
65k views

What is the meaning of \fussy, \sloppy, \emergencystretch, \tolerance, \hbadness?

There are many way to influence line breaking, and avoiding overfulls on long unbreakable pieces of text. I'm puzzled. We are told that using \sloppy document-wide is not good , that an alternative ...
93
votes
3answers
270k views

How to insert vertical space between paragraphs [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there an easy way to have my whole document with a space between paragraphs rather than indentation? Googling didn't give required results. (Many, but not applicable or ...
86
votes
4answers
79k views

How to format an inline source code

I have a document where I quiet often refer to source code element, such as class names, I wanted to format these strings differently, but at the beginning I didn't want to fiddle with various options ...
83
votes
4answers
431k views

Why does \\ not return a new line in an equation?

\begin{equation*}\label{eq:pareto mle2} A_0 = \frac{1}{(\alpha+t_x)^{r+s+x}}{}_2F_1\left(r+s+x,x+1;r+s+x+1;\frac{\alpha-\beta}{\alpha + t_x} \right ) "\\\" <br> - \frac{1}{(\alpha+T)^{r+s+x}}{}...
81
votes
5answers
138k views

How to break a line in a table [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to add a forced line break inside a table cell In a table I would like to have a line break in the text inside a cell. Is there an easy way to do so, or do I have to ...
79
votes
5answers
67k views

How to get long \texttt sections to break

I often format path names with \texttt which can be very long. Usually Tex will not break this text. The line will just create a hbox overflow. It looks like this: ................ ...C:\documents ...
74
votes
5answers
7k views

Avoiding “rivers” in successive lines of type

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo The following quote is from James Felici, The Complete Manual of Typography (2003), p. 161: Rivers occur when word spaces stack one ...
74
votes
2answers
4k views

Was the Knuth-Plass line breaking output ever subjected to a blind experiment?

Have any blind trials been organized to test to which extent "the average reader" prefers paragraphs typeset by the Knuth-Plass algorithm (or more advanced variants) over those typeset using the ...
73
votes
2answers
142k views

Automatic line-break in tabular

I'm making a tabular and I'd like to automatically do a like break rather than going beyond the page. This is my tabular code: \begin{table}[h] \begin{tabular}{|l|l|l|} Use Case Navn: &...
70
votes
6answers
54k views

How do I make LaTeX push long citations to a new line?

When I use the \cite command for my citations, often LaTeX will overflow the margins for my lines, and the text looks pretty bad. How can I make LaTeX push long citations to the next line ...
69
votes
3answers
79k views

How can I make my text never go over the right margin by always hyphenating or breaking on word-boundaries?

I've seen several different methods that can be used to make long words not go over the right margin, but all of them have been paragraph-based. I need a solution that can apply to the entire text ...
68
votes
2answers
159k views

New line after paragraph? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: paragraph style - how to force line break? \paragraph{} \\ - make paragraph a header? I have the following problem. I have a paragraph and only after this single paragraph ...
64
votes
1answer
103k views

Breaking words at the end of line

LaTeX tends to break words at the end of the line when that causes better typography. Great. I'd like to have some sort of influence on where the words are broken, though. For example, LaTeX ...
64
votes
5answers
50k views

How can I prevent inline math formulas from overflowing into the margin?

When I compile my document in LaTeX, some formulas in the document in math mode, between $ $, go into the right margin area beyond all the text. Is there a way to fix this aesthetic problem?
63
votes
5answers
65k views

Verbatim environment that can break long lines?

I want to generate a PDF of user-submitted text using LaTeX. To handle crazy user input, I first thought about using the verbatim package, but of course it doesn't break up too long lines. Is there ...
61
votes
3answers
66k views

How to put a line-break in section heading?

I have some section headings occupying two lines and I'm not satisfied with the way XeLaTeX breaks the heading. If I manually add \\ the output looks fine, but I get the following warning: [hyperref] ...
59
votes
4answers
101k views

URLs in bibliography: LaTeX not breaking line as expected

I am trying to include long URLs in a bibliography, but those often overflow into the margin of the document. I have seen a number of questions about breaking URLs in bibliography, but after trying ...
59
votes
2answers
24k views

Why should I put a ~ before \ref or \cite?

My question is in the title of this post, but extends to other referencing commands like \eqref, \citep, \citet (and the like) as well.
54
votes
5answers
94k views

How to add line break to caption without using caption package

I wish to add a line break to a caption, but I would wish to avoid adding of caption package. Is it possible? \documentclass{article} \usepackage[format=plain, justification=raggedright,...
51
votes
4answers
2k views

Why no vertical-mode Knuth-Plass?

I have only basic knowledge of the TeX internals, so I hope what I am saying here is not complete nonsense. If I understand correctly, in TeX, horizontal positioning / line breaking is done using a ...
51
votes
2answers
3k views

How to visualize the underfull box in final output PDF files

I am finalizing a document. There are a few underfull vbox I just cannot figure out where they are. Sometimes it is easy to figure out which page is underfull vbox from the log file, but sometimes it ...
48
votes
5answers
17k views

one-letter word at the end of line

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo I come from Poland and I'm writing some text in my native language. One of our typography standards is that we do not leave one-letter ...
47
votes
5answers
74k views

How to break a long URL

I have a long URL. I use the package breakurl, and it works fine outside of an enumerate environment, but not when it is on an \item. \usepackage[margin=3cm]{geometry} \usepackage{hyperref} \...
47
votes
4answers
125k views

Aligned equations in LaTeX

I have a long equation in LaTeX, which I need to break up into more lines. I've done this, although its not quite what I was looking for. Here is a MWE showing my problem: \documentclass[10pt]{...
46
votes
3answers
84k views

How to put two newlines in LaTeX

How can I put two consecutive newlines in LaTeX? If I put two \\ the compiler gives me an error.
45
votes
7answers
14k views

Is it possible to skip the first line in a theorem environment?

I'm currently writing up some solutions, and I like to rewrite the problem before answering it. I've set exercise to be a theorem environment, and the code I'm using is \begin{exercise} \begin{...
44
votes
3answers
29k views

newline in multirow environment

I have a table with many multirow environment that are each compouned with many lines. I have seen that it is possible to break lines in multirows by fixing a particular width (with minipage for ...
44
votes
1answer
103k views

In-line \verb — overfull hbox problem

I'm having a problem that I've had before and I'm tired of hacking my way through it and hope that there is some supported solution. I'll go ahead and create a document for example: \documentclass {...
44
votes
1answer
12k views

Difference between \\ and \tabularnewline

What is the difference between \\ and \tabularnewline? Is it same as the difference between \\ and newline? Is \tabularnewline preferred over \\ when creating tables?

1
2 3 4 5
49