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Questions tagged [punctuation]

{punctuation} is for questions involving the typesetting of punctuation marks. If your question relates to punctuation in particular document parts such as e.g. bibliography formatting or section formatting you should also add the appropriate tag for that topic.

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251
votes
4answers
485k views

Why do the less than symbol (<) and the greater than symbol (>) appear wrong as upside down exclamation (¡) or question mark (¿)?

When typing < or > in LaTeX and compiling with pdflatex, the less than and greater than symbols appear at upside down exclamation points. I'm not in math mode.
112
votes
2answers
64k views

Aligning numbers by decimal points in table columns

Let me begin by stating that I did google the answers (and I'll reference to them soon). Yet each of the resources I found discussed one particular method, I'm interested in a comparison of the ...
33
votes
5answers
41k views

How to add a dot after the section number?

I wonder is there any way to change the format of section numbering from 1.1 to 1.1. ? I know this is trivial, but I really need to add one more dot after the section number. Does anybody know how to ...
179
votes
5answers
50k views

\includegraphics: Dots in filename

\includegraphics cannot handle filenames that contain more than the one dot, separating the filename from the extension. Apparently it uses everything after the first dot as extension and then, of ...
93
votes
6answers
21k views

Adequate hyphenation of words already containing a hyphen

Unlike in English, in German there are quite a few words that contain a hyphen, e.g., "Arbeiter-Unfallversicherung" (workers' accident insurance). By default, (La)TeX will only break such words after ...
158
votes
2answers
51k views

Is a period after an abbreviation the same as an end of sentence period?

Does latex do anything special with periods? If so, is there a way to differentiate end-of-sentence periods from periods indicating abbreviation?
256
votes
7answers
183k views

Dashes: - vs. – vs. —

This may or may not be a real TeX/LaTeX question but rather a general question on punctuation: How are the different dashes - "-", -- "–" and --- "—" supposed to be used?
79
votes
5answers
28k views

Block quote with big quotation marks

How can I create a block quote enviroment with big quotation marks similar to the Cquote Template of Wikipedia? Additionally it would be nice to place both quotation marks and quote in a colored box ...
95
votes
7answers
126k views

What is the best way to use quotation mark glyphs?

There are several types of quotation marks in the English language (and in other languages there are even more). There are also several ways in LaTeX to represent these. I have seen editors, that are ...
31
votes
5answers
21k views

biblatex: How to remove the parentheses around the year in authoryear style? [duplicate]

The standard authoryear style in biblatex puts parentheses around the year in the bibliography and no parentheses around in text citation years: Smith 2011 shows ... (citation) Smith, Joe (...
53
votes
2answers
39k views

number format in pgfplots axis

How can I change the type of the decimal/thousand separator from the american one to the european one? More precisely, I want: "1000" to be written as is, instead of "1,000" "0,1" instead of "0.1"
36
votes
2answers
25k views

Hyperref + \url: long URL with dashes won't break

I've discovered a rather weird behaviour of PdfLaTeX. In this example \documentclass{article} \usepackage[breaklinks]{hyperref} \begin{document} \url{http://www.emarketer.com/blog/index.php/quick-...
23
votes
1answer
5k views

biblatex: remove commas between last and first names in bibliography

I am new to biblatex, and I need to create a bibliography with the authors' names with last names followed by pure initials. Using the style=numeric, firstinits and terseinits options along with: \...
31
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can words with hyphen char not be hyphenated?

Assume I have a word like Baden-Württemberg. TeX can't hyphenate any of these two word parts. Why? why isn't it something like this: where the small ticks indicate possible hyphenation points. A ...
26
votes
4answers
7k views

Automatically convert quotations in the form of “abc” to become ``abc"

I did not know that latex had different symbol for opening and closing quotation marks. I've used it like "abc" every where and just realised that I really should have used ``abc". Is there anyway I ...
41
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a way to automatically change kerning between commas/full stops and footnote marks?

This question led to a new package: fnpct Following up on my question on the kerning of footnote marks after punctuation marks, I'd like to know if there is a way to achieve the kerning of footnote ...
37
votes
4answers
24k views

Straight quotes?

How do I get a straight quote instead of curly quotes? I’m not inside verb or listing or any other special environments, and I’m not using XeLaTeX or anything—just normal LaTeX. I don’t want to change ...
29
votes
5answers
3k views

Detect beginning of a sentence in a macro for capitalization

Is it possible to make macros give different results at the beginning of a new sentence? Suppose that I want the macro "\secname" to write "Section" at the beginning of a new sentence, and "section" ...
58
votes
2answers
31k views

What's the advantage of using csquotes over using an editor's auto-replacement for "?

Many editors (TeXnicCenter, Texmaker, TeXworks, ...) offer auto-replacement of " by the desired form of quotation marks, be it `` and '' for English, "` and "' for German, or whatnot. Usually, I know ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

quotation mark (quotation sign) xelatex + polyglossia + csquotes

the problem I have is the "?" that shows instead of appropriate quotation marks (signs) when citing/quoting text in foregin language. I have searched manuals for the packages such as polyglossia or ...
90
votes
7answers
38k views

Allow line break, but without inserting a dash

I have a sentence that contains a number of long dataset names. I would like to allow LaTeX to break these names at certain positions that I would like to specify somehow just like I can use \- to ...
28
votes
2answers
35k views

How to make a real apostrophe or single-quote in LaTeX

I am trying to incorporate programming examples in a LaTeX document. The document renders nicely with pdflatex; however, the single quotes get transformed into U+2019, a right-single-quotation mark. ...
29
votes
4answers
7k views

How do you end with a single quote followed by a double quote?

I have a paragraph as follows: ``This is a quote. `Here is a quote within a quote.''' But the formatting works out to be a double quote (") followed by a single quote (') instead of the other way ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

In biblatex, treat periods in journal as abbreviation dots

I would like to consistently have a comma between the journal and volume number for article references using biblatex with biber as the backend. Unfortunately, the punctuation between the journal and ...
85
votes
1answer
12k views

When should I use intersentence spacing (`\@')?

I've got a sentence that ends on an acronym: blah blah WORD. Next sentence blah Running this through chktex, I'm informed that: Warning 13 in ./file.tex line 9: Intersentence spacing (`\@') ...
121
votes
1answer
83k views

\dots versus \ldots - is there a difference?

Is there a difference between \dots and \ldots, the ellipsis? If yes: Which? When to use \dots and when to use \ldots? If no: Why are there both at all?
56
votes
5answers
6k views

Upright parentheses in italic text

This question led to a new package: embrac Bringhurst, in Elements of Typographic Style, recommends to use upright parentheses in italic text (i.e., write 'a (simple) example' as opposed to 'a (...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

biblatex, authoryear-icomp: brackets around the year in footnotes

I use biblatex with the cite-style authoryear for footnotes, which results in Chang et al. 2005, p. 1116. Faculty guidelines require Chang et al. (2005), p. 1116. though. Which files need to ...
19
votes
1answer
4k views

Colon (:) instead of period (.) after author with biblatex, alphabetic

With biblatex, alphabetic style, I have <author>. <title> But I want to have a colon ":" instead of the period "." after the author: <author>: <title> What do I have to ...
12
votes
1answer
721 views

Using BibTeX keys containing parentheses with Biber

I am trying to move to using biblatex with Biber rather than BibTeX. unfortunately, nearly all of my BibTeX entries have keys that include colons and parentheses. like, @BOOK{Chambers+Hastie:(92), ...
13
votes
2answers
9k views

How to modify a bibliography style to surround titles in quotes in a bibliography?

My advisor wants me to cause all titles for papers, books, and articles in " for my thesis in my bibliography. I am using natbib and the plainnat bibliography style and am unsure how to do this. I am ...
35
votes
1answer
16k views

Comma as decimal marker with siunitx (Spanish usage)

I'm using siunitx to input some big numbers and units in my document. Is there a way to make the output of \num{3.14} be "3,13" instead of "3.13"? In Spanish, we use the first one.
7
votes
1answer
748 views

Punctuation marks in math mode in xetex/mathspec

I am using XeTeX and have the following short document: \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath,amsthm} \usepackage[MnSymbol]{mathspec} \usepackage[no-sscript]{xltxtra} \...
91
votes
10answers
94k views

Isn't there any other way of doing double quotes in LaTeX besides `` + ''?

The standard way of writing quotes and double quotes in LaTeX is with `` and '', but I find them quite ugly. Isn't there something similar to \emph{}, but for quotes? I mean something like \quotes{...
35
votes
3answers
15k views

Remove colon in the caption of a figure if the caption is empty

One of my figures should not have a caption, only the normal numbering. To get this, I use this code: \begin{wrapfigure}{l}{4cm} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=3cm]{graphic.pdf} \...
38
votes
4answers
3k views

Coloring combining characters without changing color of a base character

Problem I am trying to find out is there a good way to paint combining characters without changing the color of the base character they are combined with. My actual problem case is to make some ...
25
votes
3answers
23k views

Aligning Decimal Points in Table

I want to align two numbers in two different rows the decimal point. I do see a link for that here: Aligning numbers by decimal points in table columns However, I don't understand how to ...
21
votes
1answer
12k views

How to add a comma between author and year

I use the authoryear style in biblatex, and when I do for instance \cite{bauman2000}, I get: Bauman 2000 But I would like to add a comma between the author and the year, in order to have ...
37
votes
3answers
4k views

Replace “quotes” with „quotes“?

I live in a funny part of the world where we're required to quote text like this: „quotes“ (note the difference between the opening and closing quote). Is there an easy way to set up a LaTeX document ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

xeCJK messes with punctuation

Neither a question nor really a complain, but I find I cannot use xeCJK in multilingual documents (in the present case French + English + Chinese), simply because it messes with the punctuation in the ...
20
votes
4answers
869 views

Microtype and quote environment leads to different indent of first line

When the microtype package is loaded a quote environment which starts with punctuation marks is inconsistent "indented". The first line in the following minimal example is unaffected, i.e. at the same ...
18
votes
1answer
9k views

biblatex: parentheses around the volume number of an article

What do I have to write in the preamble to bring the bibliography to make parentheses around the volume number of an article? I'm using the authoryear style. Here is an example: \begin{filecontents}{...
85
votes
3answers
117k views

What is best method to insert an ellipsis in a (Xe)TeX document?

What is best method to insert an ellipsis in a (Xe)TeX document? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \setmainfont{Times New Roman} \begin{document} a...b a ... b %or a\ldots b a \ldots b ...
40
votes
9answers
23k views

How to get straight quotation marks?

How do I get straight quotation marks, i.e., " and ' in TeX? (No, \verb changes the font and this is unacceptable.) [Edit] I forgot to mention that I’m using XeLaTeX, and fontspec is a necessity. ...
42
votes
4answers
47k views

Guillemets in LaTeX («»)

I need the characters «» in my LaTeX document. I'm writing in English though, and I don't want to use Babel. I have the following hack but I'd like a better way: \newcommand{\q}[1]{{% \font\larm = ...
22
votes
5answers
4k views

Hyphenation problem with — versus \textemdash

While investigating problems with hyphenation and em-dashes, I came across this: a piece---perhaps an installation---, involving structural feedback The document class is article. The problem was ...
23
votes
3answers
6k views

How to enable ligatures for emdash/endash in LuaTeX ?

I cannot switch on ligatures for emdash (---) and endash (--) in LuaLaTeX. Here is my test file: % !Mode:: "TeX:UTF-8" \documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \defaultfontfeatures{Ligatures=...
24
votes
1answer
3k views

In the minted package, how do I enforce straight single quotes?

Basically I want \mint{python}|'banana'| to produce straight single quotes, rather than the curly ones it normally produces (in pdflatex).
17
votes
1answer
2k views

How to fix kerning of comma/colon after quotes?

How to fix kerning of comma/colon after quotes? Hello, I’m a relative newbie in latex and am trying to reduce the space between closing quotes and colon/comma, but by a general way in the preamble, ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

siunitx: aligning numbers by decimal points in tables doesn't work for bolded or italicized numbers

This is a follow-up question for Aligning numbers by decimal points in table columns. User lockstep provided this solution: \usepackage{siunitx} \begin{document} \begin{tabular}{S[table-format=3.2]} ...