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Questions tagged [punctuation]

{punctuation} is for questions involving the typesetting of punctuation marks. If your question relates to punctuation in particular document parts such as e.g. bibliography formatting or section formatting you should also add the appropriate tag for that topic.

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257
votes
7answers
184k views

Dashes: - vs. – vs. —

This may or may not be a real TeX/LaTeX question but rather a general question on punctuation: How are the different dashes - "-", -- "–" and --- "—" supposed to be used?
251
votes
4answers
487k views

Why do the less than symbol (<) and the greater than symbol (>) appear wrong as upside down exclamation (¡) or question mark (¿)?

When typing < or > in LaTeX and compiling with pdflatex, the less than and greater than symbols appear at upside down exclamation points. I'm not in math mode.
244
votes
4answers
380k views

What is the LaTeX command for “em dash” (—)?

I am trying to insert the symbol in the title of the question, which I copied from a PDF article, but it appears as space in the output file. What is the corresponding LaTeX command?
180
votes
5answers
51k views

\includegraphics: Dots in filename

\includegraphics cannot handle filenames that contain more than the one dot, separating the filename from the extension. Apparently it uses everything after the first dot as extension and then, of ...
165
votes
6answers
558k views

Which dot character to use in which context?

Wikipedia lists several dot characters in Unicode. These are the ones that are ambiguous to me: interpunct, middle dot (·) &middot; &#183; U+00B7 "midpoint (in typography)" ...
158
votes
2answers
51k views

Is a period after an abbreviation the same as an end of sentence period?

Does latex do anything special with periods? If so, is there a way to differentiate end-of-sentence periods from periods indicating abbreviation?
121
votes
1answer
84k views

\dots versus \ldots - is there a difference?

Is there a difference between \dots and \ldots, the ellipsis? If yes: Which? When to use \dots and when to use \ldots? If no: Why are there both at all?
112
votes
2answers
65k views

Aligning numbers by decimal points in table columns

Let me begin by stating that I did google the answers (and I'll reference to them soon). Yet each of the resources I found discussed one particular method, I'm interested in a comparison of the ...
96
votes
6answers
45k views

How to force LaTeX not to break the line after a hyphen “-”?

With ~ we can enforce that no line break occures between two words. But this does not seem to work with special characters. I want LaTeX to enforce not to break the line after the - in (re-)creation. ...
95
votes
7answers
126k views

What is the best way to use quotation mark glyphs?

There are several types of quotation marks in the English language (and in other languages there are even more). There are also several ways in LaTeX to represent these. I have seen editors, that are ...
93
votes
6answers
21k views

Adequate hyphenation of words already containing a hyphen

Unlike in English, in German there are quite a few words that contain a hyphen, e.g., "Arbeiter-Unfallversicherung" (workers' accident insurance). By default, (La)TeX will only break such words after ...
91
votes
10answers
94k views

Isn't there any other way of doing double quotes in LaTeX besides `` + ''?

The standard way of writing quotes and double quotes in LaTeX is with `` and '', but I find them quite ugly. Isn't there something similar to \emph{}, but for quotes? I mean something like \quotes{...
90
votes
7answers
38k views

Allow line break, but without inserting a dash

I have a sentence that contains a number of long dataset names. I would like to allow LaTeX to break these names at certain positions that I would like to specify somehow just like I can use \- to ...
88
votes
2answers
287k views

Quote marks are backwards (using texmaker/PDFLatex) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the best way to use quotation mark glyphs Automatically convert quotations in the form of “abc” to become ``abc" I am (obviously) new to LaTeX and have ...
85
votes
3answers
117k views

What is best method to insert an ellipsis in a (Xe)TeX document?

What is best method to insert an ellipsis in a (Xe)TeX document? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \setmainfont{Times New Roman} \begin{document} a...b a ... b %or a\ldots b a \ldots b ...
85
votes
1answer
12k views

When should I use intersentence spacing (`\@')?

I've got a sentence that ends on an acronym: blah blah WORD. Next sentence blah Running this through chktex, I'm informed that: Warning 13 in ./file.tex line 9: Intersentence spacing (`\@') ...
80
votes
5answers
28k views

Block quote with big quotation marks

How can I create a block quote enviroment with big quotation marks similar to the Cquote Template of Wikipedia? Additionally it would be nice to place both quotation marks and quote in a colored box ...
64
votes
2answers
964 views

Is it always best practice to not include text punctuation in inline math mode?

It has been pointed out on this site, e.g. here by egreg, that text punctuation doesn't belong to the formula in inline math. I've been following this practice for a long time, so I write for all $v\...
58
votes
2answers
31k views

What's the advantage of using csquotes over using an editor's auto-replacement for "?

Many editors (TeXnicCenter, Texmaker, TeXworks, ...) offer auto-replacement of " by the desired form of quotation marks, be it `` and '' for English, "` and "' for German, or whatnot. Usually, I know ...
56
votes
5answers
6k views

Upright parentheses in italic text

This question led to a new package: embrac Bringhurst, in Elements of Typographic Style, recommends to use upright parentheses in italic text (i.e., write 'a (simple) example' as opposed to 'a (...
53
votes
2answers
39k views

number format in pgfplots axis

How can I change the type of the decimal/thousand separator from the american one to the european one? More precisely, I want: "1000" to be written as is, instead of "1,000" "0,1" instead of "0.1"
53
votes
2answers
54k views

Should you put citations before or after interpunction?

This probably also could go to English.SE, but I'm not sure. When I want to cite a source for a complete sentence, you put the citation before or after the period? And if you cite for a word, or ...
51
votes
2answers
242k views

Display ' apostrophe

Is there a small package free way of implementing something like this in pdflatex and LaTeX? I wish for the outcome of \documentclass{article} \begin{document} `It's a nice day!' \end{document} ...
51
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a LaTeX implementation of Bazin's punctuation marks?

In 1966 Bazin proposed 6 novel punctuation marks for acclamation, authority, certainty, doubt, irony, and love: Is there a LaTeX package that provides macros of Bazin's punctuation marks? There are ...
47
votes
3answers
6k views

How to properly typeset all forms of punctuation used in English-language documents?

English documents tend to use these types of punctuation: periods apostrophes brackets of various kinds colons and semicolons commas dashes and hyphens ellipsis exclamation and question marks ...
46
votes
3answers
225k views

Quotes in LaTeX ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the best way to use quotation mark glyphs Can I just use " for the quotes in my document? I'm asking this because when I use them in my TextMate editor the included ...
42
votes
4answers
47k views

Guillemets in LaTeX («»)

I need the characters «» in my LaTeX document. I'm writing in English though, and I don't want to use Babel. I have the following hack but I'd like a better way: \newcommand{\q}[1]{{% \font\larm = ...
41
votes
6answers
22k views

Automatic german quotation marks

I would like to compile a file according to German standards, in which quotation marks are to be put like this: \glqq text \grqq In my LaTeX document I use quotation marks in the standard way: ''text'...
41
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a way to automatically change kerning between commas/full stops and footnote marks?

This question led to a new package: fnpct Following up on my question on the kerning of footnote marks after punctuation marks, I'd like to know if there is a way to achieve the kerning of footnote ...
40
votes
9answers
23k views

How to get straight quotation marks?

How do I get straight quotation marks, i.e., " and ' in TeX? (No, \verb changes the font and this is unacceptable.) [Edit] I forgot to mention that I’m using XeLaTeX, and fontspec is a necessity. ...
40
votes
2answers
3k views

Should I use ~ or \mbox?

~ stands for a non-breaking space, and \mbox{<text>} creates a box with text in it that cannot be broken (since its a "box"). I understand that \mbox has broader application than ~ (e.g. when ...
40
votes
1answer
16k views

TeXStudio : Disable auto-completion of parentheses

I cannot stand the auto-completion of TeXStudio (formerly TexMakerX) regarding parentheses, braces, etc. I agree auto-completion is useful sometimes, but here it does just not work as I would like. ...
38
votes
1answer
17k views

Can I change the “range” punctuation in siunitx?

When using siunitx, by default, \SIrange{0}{10}{\celsius} will render 0 °C to 10 °C. Is there any general way to change the default rendering of ranges to 0--10 °C (i.e., using an en dash instead of "...
38
votes
4answers
3k views

Coloring combining characters without changing color of a base character

Problem I am trying to find out is there a good way to paint combining characters without changing the color of the base character they are combined with. My actual problem case is to make some ...
37
votes
4answers
4k views

How to prevent linebreaks after hyphen if word starts with hyphen?

(Remark: Maybe this is a typically German problem, I'm not sure in which other languages that might be relevant) Sometimes there are words which start with a hyphen, as they are connected with a word ...
37
votes
3answers
4k views

Replace “quotes” with „quotes“?

I live in a funny part of the world where we're required to quote text like this: „quotes“ (note the difference between the opening and closing quote). Is there an easy way to set up a LaTeX document ...
37
votes
4answers
24k views

Straight quotes?

How do I get a straight quote instead of curly quotes? I’m not inside verb or listing or any other special environments, and I’m not using XeLaTeX or anything—just normal LaTeX. I don’t want to change ...
36
votes
2answers
25k views

Hyperref + \url: long URL with dashes won't break

I've discovered a rather weird behaviour of PdfLaTeX. In this example \documentclass{article} \usepackage[breaklinks]{hyperref} \begin{document} \url{http://www.emarketer.com/blog/index.php/quick-...
36
votes
2answers
3k views

Finishing math with a period

I am new to this site and couldn't find this question after a quick search but it may have been asked before. This is possibly the most inconsequential issue one can have, but it has been bothering ...
35
votes
3answers
15k views

Remove colon in the caption of a figure if the caption is empty

One of my figures should not have a caption, only the normal numbering. To get this, I use this code: \begin{wrapfigure}{l}{4cm} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=3cm]{graphic.pdf} \...
35
votes
1answer
16k views

Comma as decimal marker with siunitx (Spanish usage)

I'm using siunitx to input some big numbers and units in my document. Is there a way to make the output of \num{3.14} be "3,13" instead of "3.13"? In Spanish, we use the first one.
35
votes
1answer
8k views

Why should I use -​- in pages field of a BibTeX entry?

In most BibTeX entries I found on the internet a page range in the page field is separated by a double hyphen --. Why should I use a double dash and not a single one -? @misc{blub, title="blah", ...
34
votes
2answers
12k views

How to properly typeset footnotes/superscripts after punctuation marks?

I find the spacing of footnote marks after punctuation marks quite unsatisfactory, especially with sans serif fonts and compared to the spacing after letters. Example follows: I came up with a little ...
33
votes
5answers
41k views

How to add a dot after the section number?

I wonder is there any way to change the format of section numbering from 1.1 to 1.1. ? I know this is trivial, but I really need to add one more dot after the section number. Does anybody know how to ...
33
votes
2answers
14k views

Period after math-mode equation

If I write If $x \rightarrow y$, then $y \rightarrow z$. it looks fine. But if the sentence is more involved and formulas longer, I tend to change $...$ to \[...\]. In many cases I think the result ...
33
votes
3answers
4k views

How to avoid a linebreak before a comma?

I just had a problem with a linebreak after a word ending with a hyphen which was followed by a comma. This example shows the problem: (The example is constructed, but this just occurred to me in a ...
32
votes
2answers
41k views

How to improve listings display of JSON files?

I was wondering if there is a good way for JSON files to be listed with the listings package. The only language definition I could come up with, is this: \lstdefinelanguage{json} { morestring=[b]...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

Can cleveref be made to use the Oxford comma for multiple citations?

Simple question: Is there a simple way to get cleveref to use the Oxford comma? \documentclass{article} \usepackage[standard]{ntheorem} \usepackage{cleveref} \begin{document} \begin{proposition}\...
31
votes
5answers
21k views

biblatex: How to remove the parentheses around the year in authoryear style? [duplicate]

The standard authoryear style in biblatex puts parentheses around the year in the bibliography and no parentheses around in text citation years: Smith 2011 shows ... (citation) Smith, Joe (...
31
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can words with hyphen char not be hyphenated?

Assume I have a word like Baden-Württemberg. TeX can't hyphenate any of these two word parts. Why? why isn't it something like this: where the small ticks indicate possible hyphenation points. A ...