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Questions tagged [superscripts]

{superscripts} are smaller characters appearing set slightly above the normal line.

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383
votes
7answers
501k views

Superscript outside math mode

What is the easiest way to superscript text outside of math mode? For example, let's say I want to write the $n^{th}$ element, but without the math mode's automatic italicization of the th. And what ...
261
votes
9answers
242k views

What's the quickest way to write “2nd” “3rd” etc in LaTeX?

If I want to use abbreviations for second, third and so on in my LaTeX documents, I am currently doing this: 2$^{nd}$ which seems unsatisfactory. Is there a macro I'm missing? I'm sure I could define ...
144
votes
8answers
103k views

Left and right subscript / superscript

I am trying to put two subscripts at the left and right of a character. For example, something like: _{t} p_{x} where p is in the middle. How do you do this?
69
votes
4answers
401k views

vector arrow with superscript

I want to have a vector with a superscript: \vec{o}^t But this gives very bad results: the t is overlapping with the vector arrow. How do I fix this (and why does this give bad results in the first ...
44
votes
7answers
6k views

How do I typeset a tenfold powering (a tower-of-powers) with LaTeX?

How do I write x^x^x^x^x^x^x^x^x^x? My LaTeX distribution doesn't wanna eat it, it stops swallowing stuff at the double power x^x^x. What I'm aiming at is essentially building a telescope out of X's ...
39
votes
3answers
51k views

Double superscript error

I'm a relative beginner with Lyx. When I type in this code I'm hoping for T' to be followed by superscripts and subscripts. Instead I get a "double superscript" error when I try to view the pdf \[ T'...
38
votes
1answer
90k views

normal high asterisk in equation mode

I was looking back at some of the equations that I had written and noticed that the asterisks weren't behaving how I was expecting it to (I also understand that my expectations may differ from other ...
30
votes
4answers
31k views

How to typeset indices before a symbol?

I know how to write a usual index with the help of the underscore, but I seem to be unable to find out how to write an (upper/lower) index in front of a letter/text. These kind of indices are common ...
29
votes
7answers
49k views

How should imaginary numbers be typeset?

I've never had to typeset complex numbers before and I'm finding that I'm uncertain about what best-practices are. My question is really about typesetting just i. (Hence my title referring to ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Strange default exponent positioning?

Why is this red exponent so far away from the right parenthesis? To my eye it is too far away. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \begin{document} \[ax^2+bx+c=a\left(x+\frac{b}{2a}\right)^{\...
26
votes
3answers
3k views

maths nested superscripts and subscripts displayed incorrectly inline

I am having a strange bug when using nested superscripts and subscripts in inline math (displaystyle works fine). This behaviour is the same independently of the font used or the compiler (orginally ...
24
votes
2answers
48k views

My prime symbol is not superscript

I'm learning math mode and having an issue here with the prime symbol. $y\in[0,1]^{d\prime}$ In this inline math formula, the prime symbol is supposed to be superscript, but it shows up at the ...
24
votes
4answers
70k views

Alternatives to asterisk and star for superscripts

While writing a paper, I find myself exhausted with superscript symbols to denote similar types of variables. I have used x, x^\ast (i.e. x*), x^\star and x'. I can't use symbols which sit right on ...
24
votes
2answers
856 views

How to prevent superscripts from moving under \sqrt?

When I put an expression with superscripts under a \sqrt, the superscripts (here "vis") move down a bit. How can I prevent that, so that it looks consistent no matter whether it's under a root or not? ...
23
votes
3answers
1k views

Superscripts appear in various weird places in fractions

This is a weird phenomenon. Consider the following code: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} $$Z^* \frac{Z^*}{Z^*}$$ \end{document} It produces the following picture: The asterisks appear ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Are ^ and _ the only commands in LaTeX not preceded by a backslash?

Almost all commands in LaTeX are preceded by a backslash. Are the superscript and subscript commands in the math environment (^ and _ respectively) the only exceptions?
22
votes
3answers
74k views

Vertically aligning textsuperscript and textsubscript together

I would like to show both super and subscript together some text. I tried this sometext\textsuperscript{1}\textsubscript{2} But 2 does not show up right below 1. Thanks for your help. Also ...
20
votes
5answers
27k views

Superscripts before a letter in math

I was writing this formula: $$^gp = ^gR^l_l+^go_l$$ $g$ are superscripts, but they should be close to other letters. How can I solve this problem?
18
votes
6answers
862 views

How to let three subscripts and three superscripts to be aligned

Suppose I need to get a formula like $L^{2,3/4,5/6}_{1,2,3}$ in Latex. Then $2$--$1$, $3/4$--$2$, $5/6$--$3$ is not aligned. See Then how can I let these three to be aligned?
17
votes
5answers
5k views

Double superscript error involving tilde

When I write {{\tilde{C}}^{0}_{har}}^{\Gamma} (or the same with fewer curly brackets) in Tex I obtain a double superscript error and I can't solve it. Does someone know how to fix this?
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Location of superscript in LaTeX

From the attached figure, you can see the star on the left-hand side is higher than the star on the right-hand side. Is it possible to lower the star on the left to the same height as the right-hand ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Differences in vertical positioning of superscripts and subscripts depending on grouping (`{ }`): Why? Caveats? Workarounds?

This question about {(x+y)}^2 vs (x+y)^2 drew my attention to the slightly different vertical positioning of super- and subscripts for such expressions. Compare (x+y)^8_8 (left) and {(x+y)}^8_8 (right)...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Adjust box around hyperref footnote links

Is it possible to adjust the size of the box around the footnote links produced by hyperref? Specifically, I would like to move the base of the box closer to the base of the object inside. \...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

By default, how much do ^ and _ raise and lower the text box in superscript and subscript respectively?

I'm trying to define a set of commands for superscript and subscript, but cannot use the characters ^ and _ in doing so. I've been able to define the correct font size by using \check@mathfonts\...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

How to represent the “Triangle of Power” in LaTeX?

So, I've just seen a video about a method of notation called "Triangle of Power", which simplifies things when it comes down to exponents, logarithms, etc. It was originally introduced in this post on ...
14
votes
2answers
35k views

How to make a superscript on the upper left hand corner of a letter? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Left and right subscript How can I make a superscript on the upper left hand corner of a letter?
14
votes
2answers
18k views

Writing (mixed) tensors

Does anybody know about a specific package for handling tensors? Consider, for example, a contraction of the type $g^{\alpha\beta}g^{\gamma\delta}R_{\alpha\mu\gamma\nu}=R^{\beta\;delta}_{\;\mu\;\nu}$...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

How do you get a scriptscriptstyle-sized prime?

As you go from \displaystyle to \scriptstyle to \scriptscriptstyle, letters and numbers, for instance, shrink. Weirdly, to my mind, the prime symbol (') shrinks from \displaystyle to \scriptstyle, ...
14
votes
1answer
868 views

Etiquette for math subscripts and superscripts

It is my first question here, I hope it is not too stupid... I am writing my thesis in math and I need a lot of subscripts and superscripts. My problem arises since in subscripts and superscripts ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Avoiding overlapping superscripts and subscripts in matrices

I was working on some calculus today and tried to typeset a matrix of partial derivatives and ran into some trouble. Here is my code: \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{mathtools} \begin{document} \...
13
votes
3answers
833 views

Raised ellipsis

What's next in the following sequence of LaTeX commands: \ldots, \cdots? That is, I want an ellipsis at the top instead of in the middle or the bottom. The specific situation I have is f^{'''\cdots''...
13
votes
2answers
897 views

Using a ^ outside math mode

I take it it is possible to redefine ^ (and _) to yield \textsuperscript in text mode and work normally in math mode (is there a good reason why this is not the default behaviour?), but I don't know ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Super and subscripts with \DeclarePairedDelimiter

I defined a macro for the supremum norm by \DeclarePairedDelimiter{\supnorm}{\|}{\|_\infty} which works nicely. However, as soon as I want to place a superscript like \supnorm{f}^2 things look ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Subscript vertical position dependent on presence of superscript - how to change? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Subscripts for primed variables If I have a variable which is always subscripted but only sometimes superscripted, the vertical position of the subscript varies. For instance, ...
12
votes
3answers
870 views

How can I make something like a superscript that doesn't go as high?

The \textsuperscript command makes the superscripted text go above the top of capital letters. Here's an example showing what I mean: \textsuperscript{3} И сказ As you can see, the superscripted 3 ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Getting superscripts in math mode without the ^ character

Is there a way to get the superscript math mode behavior without using ^? By way of background: I work at a large school that has a large web site that occasionally has math content on pages. I ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Multiple tensor indices with breqn package

When I try to use the tensor style file to create multiple tensor indices with the breqn style file, I run into the following problem shown in this (minimal) code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Statistical significance stars

What's wrong with my code for three stars (***)? It's so ugly compared to my ** and *. \documentclass{article} \newcommand{\oneS}{\ensuremath{{}^{\textstyle *}}} \newcommand{\twoS}{\ensuremath{{}^{\...
12
votes
1answer
374 views

Is there a way to stop the vertical spread of multiple super- and sub-scripts?

I'd like to be able to place multiple sub and superscripts (in maths mode) on an element without having them expand vertically. That is, so that in the output of ${x^2_4}^6_8$, the 2 and 6 were ...
12
votes
1answer
10k views

Temporarily disable superscript in citation

I use superscripted citation style by using \setcitestyle{super} in LaTeX preamble, which done the job as I wanted. However, there are several region, in which I need to temporarily disable the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Weird relative positioning of superscript and subscript with \dot, \bar

Minimal working example: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \[ {A^\mu}_\nu \] \[ {\bar{A}^\mu}_\nu \] \end{document} The result is. Why is the placement of ...
12
votes
2answers
661 views

How to write an actual superscript with \lim, \sup, etc?

I'm trying to write $\sup' S$ -- that is to say, $\sup S$ but with a prime on the sup. However, in display style, this comes out instead with the prime on top of the sup instead of in the superscript ...
11
votes
3answers
15k views

Using \textsuperscript to put commas between consecutive footnotes in amsart document

I'm trying to insert a comma between consecutive footnote markers in an amsart document. I'm trying to do this without using the footmisc package, since for some reason it causes the footnotes in my ...
11
votes
1answer
403 views

Superscript simply refuses to be superscripted

I'm getting slightly desperate because the following seemingly simple macro does not do what I want: \newcommand{\Ma}[1][]{\ensuremath{M_{1}^{#1}}\xspace} Hello $\Ma{a}$. I would expect that $\Ma{a}$...
11
votes
1answer
18k views

How to write superscripts and subscripts in math mode?

I just started using latex and the closest I've come is $F\overset{fr}{\textsubscript{s}max}$ or $F{fr \above 0pt \ \textsubscript{s}max}$
11
votes
2answers
9k views

The \prescript command from the mathtools package gives incorrect alignment

The spacing I'm getting with the \prescript command from the mathtools package seems wrong. Here is a MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath,mathtools} \begin{document} $\prescript{14}{2}{\...
11
votes
1answer
367 views

Size of indices (sub- and super- scripts)

I've been looking around for a way to change the size of indices (all through the manuscript). I found a lot of stuff, which could work, but I refuse to use without understandind. (See for example ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

biblatex: How to remove the comma before ed./eds.?

How can I remove the comma before ed. or eds. and put this abbreviation in parentheses? I'm using biblatex. For example this reference: Dozy, Reinhart, ed.: Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes. ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Fractions in superscripts are placed too low

I have noticed that "tall" superscripts seem to be placed awkwardly low in math mode; their baseline is so close to the main baseline that confusion has happened. \documentclass{article} \begin{...
11
votes
1answer
29k views

Typesetting “nth” in LaTeX [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: What's the quickest and easiest way to write “2nd” “3rd” etc in LaTeX 1st, 2nd and i-th? Is there a standard/best practice for ...