Questions tagged [theorems]

{theorems} are environments which are commonly numbered. They are extensively used in math texts. Examples of such environments are theorems, corollaries, lemmas, propositions, remarks and definitions. Popular packages are {amsthm}, {ntheorem}, and {thmtools}. Covers discussion on proofs too.

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83
votes
8answers
24k views

How do I repeat a theorem number?

Often in my papers I want to mention theorems in the introduction that are introduced in more detail and proved in a later section. I'd like to include the statement of these theorems twice over, ...
69
votes
5answers
71k views

Non italic text in theorems, definitions, examples

What package should I use, or what setting can I make to the font in theorems so that the text wouldn't be italic. I use amsmath, and from default, everything I write in theorem environments becomes ...
87
votes
3answers
14k views

Theorem packages: which to use, which conflict?

As far as I know, one can create theorem environments using any of amsthm, ntheorem, thmtools and probably more. How should I define my theorem environments? Is one package clearly superior? Which ...
60
votes
2answers
16k views

Recalling a theorem [duplicate]

Suppose I have some theorem in the paper Section 1 Theorem 1.1. Let ... And then later in the paper I want to recall the theorem by reprinting it Section 4 We recall Theorem 1.1: ...
36
votes
3answers
6k views

How to place all proofs automatically in appendix?

Can I place all proofs to theorems in appendix automatically? Usually proofs are written in the LaTeX codes immediately after the theorems. Without physically moving proofs to appendix, how can I ...
12
votes
3answers
10k views

Resetting theorem counters: \section and (missing) \subsection

Suppose I define a new theorem "Theorem" and declare that its counter should be reset whenever the subsection counter is incremented or reset: \newtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}[subsection] At some point ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Cleveref with counters with same name

I am trying to use the cleveref package. I have the following counters defined (hopefully this is the right way to do it!) \newtheorem{thm}{Theorem}[section] \newtheorem{lemma}[thm]{Lemma} \...
34
votes
6answers
12k views

Is it possible to skip the first line in a theorem environment?

I'm currently writing up some solutions, and I like to rewrite the problem before answering it. I've set exercise to be a theorem environment, and the code I'm using is \begin{exercise} \begin{...
27
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I get sub-numbering for theorems (Theorem 1.A., Theorem 1.B., Theorem 2.)?

I am trying to number my theorems as follows: Theorem 1.A. First part of a theorem. Theorem 1.B. Second part of the theorem. Theorem 2. A theorem with no parts. The following almost works: \...
39
votes
4answers
19k views

How to make the optional title of a theorem bold with amsthm?

I use the code mentioned in Title of the theorem: \begin{theorem}[The title] Some statement \end{theorem} However with amsthm the optional title -- above: "The title" -- is neither bold nor italic, ...
29
votes
3answers
12k views

Enumerate alignment problem in theorem environment

I'm using amsart. When I create an enumeration inside a theorem environment, the numbering is not aligned properly: Theorem 14. (1) (2) (3) (4) How do I shift the (2),(3),... to be aligned with (1)? ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Theorem Name/Numbering in Margin

I have seen the previous discussion on this same issue before (see Theorem name and number in margin, note in text), however this did not resolve anything as clearly as I had hoped. Basically, I ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Numbering theorem-like environments

I would like all my theorem-like environments (theorem, example, etc.) to be numbered but such that the number appears before the environment's name, more or less like this: 1. Theorem 2. Example ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Indent Theorem like \hangindent, but for multiple paragraphs

I would like to create a theorem style which indents the theorem exactly like a \hangindent would do, expect that the indention should continue for all paragraphs of the theorem. For example: ...
22
votes
1answer
28k views

How can one cite theorems of references?

I would like to cite the item (iii) of proposition 3 of a reference. How can I do it? Which ways do you suggest? This is a question not only about LaTeX, but also about style. One option I have seen ...
15
votes
3answers
8k views

Theorem environment with hanging indentation

I would like to define a theorem environment with custom layout. In particular, I want the body of the theorem to be indented, like this Text body. Text body. Text body. Theorem 1 (Pythagoras). ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Shortcuts for Lemma, Claim, Theorem etc

I'm using Lyx 2.0.2 I would like to define keyboard shortcuts for creating mathematical sections such as Theorem, Lemma etc. I'm pretty sure those do not exist ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How to suppress vertical space between theorem heads and enumitem environments?

How can I suppress vertical space between a theorem head and an enumitem environment? I would like the output to look like version 3 below, but I hope there is an automatical solution without ~ and \...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I get a line break in a theorem headline?

I have a theorem title, which is longer then the page width. How do I get the title in two lines? \begin{theorem}[this title is to long for one line] the theorem \end{theorem}
39
votes
6answers
32k views

Customizing theorem name

Suppose I have a series of theorems that I would like displayed as Jim's Theorem. Bob's Theorem. Will's Theorem. rather than as “Theorem (Jim).”, “Theorem (Bob).”, and “Theorem (Will)”. ...
33
votes
6answers
98k views

\qed for theorems without proofs

It is common to place a \qed-Box at the end of a theorem statement (or lemma, corollary, ...) if we give no proof for that statement. How can I do this in LaTeX? If I place a qed-box at the end of ...
24
votes
3answers
9k views

How to get correct autoref for theorems

I have some own theorem environments. And my theorems are numbered like the chapter. Now I would like to use autoref with that. But it does not work like it is described here (http://www.tug.org/...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I make a Theorem n followed by a Theorem n' ?

I am writing a paper where I have a stated a theorem, and then a short time later I state another theorem which is equivalent to the first. Is it possible to number them so that the second is a primed ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Theorem decorations that stay with theorem environment

I am typesetting a document using the memoir documentclass. Currently, my theorems have the following definition (using macros provided by the ntheorem package): % THEOREMS \theoremheaderfont{\...
21
votes
3answers
13k views

How to Make Theorems and Equations Share Numbering

How do I make theorems and equations share numbering? The default numbering system goes like this: Theorem 1. Blah blah blah... 1=0+1 (1) Theorem 2. More blahs... Theorem 3. No more ...
6
votes
2answers
889 views

Hide content to show later

My question appeared about this egreg's answer. I have a list of exercise-answers but I don't want to show the answers immediately but after till I'll pull with a command and fetch all the answers ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Two math sections of the same type in a row?

Whenever I try to create two sections of the same type in a row LyX unites them as if they were one. I write a definition, press ENTER for a new line, and then want to write another definition on that ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Annoying space before the first item in an enumeration which starts a theorem

Consider the following example: \documentclass{article} \newtheorem{Theorem}{Theorem} \begin{document} \begin{Theorem} On the other hand, this one has only one claim. \end{Theorem} \begin{Theorem} \...
44
votes
2answers
30k views

Custom theorem numbering

This one should be easy for the gurus… Suppose I want to define a theorem environment which has a custom numbering scheme. That is, instead of being numbered according to some counter, it is numbered ...
36
votes
1answer
14k views

amsthm: what are the newtheoremstyle parameters for the default styles?

The package amsthm contains the predefined theorem styles plain, definition and remark which you can employ using \theoremstyle before your \newtheorem. You can also create new theorem styles like ...
22
votes
3answers
22k views

How to change the way theorems are displayed?

I am in the process of writing a large document containing some theorems, lemma, and propositions. Currently, I am using packages amsmath and amsthm. I defined my own environment for theorems by ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

amsthm with shared counters messes up autoref references

When I define amsthm theorem environments with shared counters, autoref messes up the names of the references. For example, in the output below, we should have "Definition 2" instead of "Theorem 2". \...
16
votes
3answers
10k views

A theoremstyle with complete indentation using amsthm

I want to define a theoremstyle using amsthm, such that the complete environments content produced by \newtheorem with this style are indented. The following standalone example uses an adapted ...
28
votes
2answers
34k views

Theorem numbering as chapter.section.subsection.theorem number

This might be a simple question but it's weird that I couldn't find the answer anywhere on the internet. If I set as \newtheorem{-}{-}[section] then I get the numbering as Theorem [section....
16
votes
2answers
7k views

End of theorem marker placement

I have a question about marker placement after theorems. I am using a style file provided by Oxford University Press, which I am not used to. It is available here: http://www.oxfordjournals.org/...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Line break in theorem header

I am using ntheorem to define my own environments like this \theoremindent=0cm \theoremheaderfont{\kern-0cm\normalfont\bfseries} \theorembodyfont{\upshape} \theoremstyle{break} \newtheorem{problem}{...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How to wrap around a figure in a theorem-like environment?

I want to illustrate my examples, which are set in a theorem-like environment. Is it possible to wrap the text and equations around the figures? I have read about several packages but I can't get them ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Enumerating inside a proposition and inside a proof

I have one problem with enumerating. The symbols for items look differently when the enumerating is done ''inside'' propositions from the enumerating done ''inside'' a proof. The code \...
8
votes
1answer
517 views

Restate theorem in separate file

I state a theorem in the main body of a document and prove it in the appendix. I use thmtools's restatable environment to restate the theorem there. However, I now need to have my appendix in a ...
65
votes
2answers
234k views

Theorem/Definition/Lemma problem — Numbering

I am trying to work on the numbering of the theorems/definitions/lemmas etc., and I have some problems with the numbering. I would like the theorems, propositions, corollarys, definitions, ...
37
votes
4answers
43k views

A better way to reference theorem-like environments?

I know how to use \label and \ref to get a reference to a result(or whatever else really) that I have made previously in the document. But this is tedious and requires me to create a label name every ...
28
votes
4answers
41k views

box around theorem statement

Is there an easy way to put a box around a theorem in LaTeX? For example to state an important theorem. I tried using page 20 of the ntheorem documentation (http://ctan.mackichan.com/macros/latex/...
77
votes
3answers
99k views

Theorem without numbering

Is it possible to have single theorems without numbering? I would like to be able to switch them off individually with asterisk-* or have a nono-theorem environment. \newtheorem{theorem}{Theorem} \...
25
votes
1answer
58k views

Using \newtheorem

Edited to include complete code, as suggested: Here is what the preamble of my main file looks like: \documentclass[12pt]{report} \usepackage{epsfig} \usepackage{upmathgrad2} \usepackage{...
29
votes
1answer
8k views

Problem with qedhere

In a paper I'm writing, I end a proof with a displayed equation that has some cases in it. The relevant code looks something like the following: \[f(x) = \begin{cases} 2x & \text{if $x<0$}\\ ...
22
votes
1answer
10k views

How to cross-reference theorems with “Theorem”?

I use \begin{lemma} \label{aaa} ... \end{lemma} \begin{theorem} \label{bbb} ... \end{theorem} and many other similar kinds in the same document. When I cross-reference those lemmas and theorems ...
19
votes
2answers
19k views

Allow theorem split in many frames in beamer

How can a theorem-like environment be (automatically) split into multiple frames if the vertical space it needs is not enough in a frame? In my document preamble I have \theoremstyle{definition} \...
14
votes
5answers
5k views

Is it possible to use the enumerate/itemize environment within the proof/remark environment in a nice way?

I wish to use the enumerate/itemize environment within the proof/remark environment, but when I do this the first number/bullet-point is on the same line as the word 'Remark'/'Proof' indented to the ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

Cleveref and named theorems

Is it possible with Cleverref to reference not only the number of an environment but the "name" (the thing that is passed to it in square brackets? In the following example I want to replace the line ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

No indentation after theorem environment with amsthm

I use the amsthm package and dont want lines which start right after the theorem environment to be indented. I consulted the manual of the package and it said to define a new theorem style. I expected ...