48 votes
Accepted

What is the history of the ß (Eszett) in the T1 encoding of Computer modern?

The glyph makes much more sense visually when seen as a ligature of long s and round s, one of the two traditional forms of the ß (the other, of course, being long s and z). Here's a comparison, using ...
user avatar
  • 720
43 votes
Accepted

Command \k unavailable in encoding OT1 (error takes me to line which doesn't even have "\k" in it

The error happens when LaTeX is reading line 538 in the bibliography file, probably generated by BibTeX. The entry refers to an author named Patrycja Dynarowicz-Łątka (a chemist at the ...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
29 votes
Accepted

How is a mathematical formula represented in PDF?

Essentially in pdf every letter (or run of letters) is positioned by coordinates so even a normal word might be encoded as individual letters positioned to "look" like text, so as to take account of ...
user avatar
27 votes
Accepted

TeX history: what was the diagonal dash at codepoint 32 in cmr10 intended for?

It is for the Polish ł and Ł (l and L with stroke). Plain TeX contains \def\l{\char32l}. And LaTeX (OT1enc.def) defines \DeclareTextCommand{\l}{OT1} {\hmode@bgroup\@xxxii l\egroup} where \@xxxii ...
user avatar
25 votes

"ö ü ä ß" in Latex (Mac, German, TeXShop)

Based on this LaTeX website, there are following solutions for your problem. According the subsection "indirekte Eingabe von Umlauten" you can write \"A, \"O, \"U, \"a, \"o, \"u and \ss{} or {\"A}, {\...
user avatar
23 votes

Why does inputenc abandon so quickly under "utf8 based engines"?

inputenc is abandoned because it does absolutely nothing with XeTeX or LuaLaTeX. Better said, it would do bad! See fontenc vs inputenc Essentially, the task performed by inputenc is translating ...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
22 votes

Are the original CM fonts better than the current type1 fonts?

(As many readers tend not to follow links all the way through, and as links can die, this reproduces relevant bits of stuff referred to in the answer by bubba.) I agree with the observation in the ...
user avatar
  • 42.8k
22 votes

Error in TeX Live – Font ... not loadable: Metric (TFM) file not found

In case you are on Fedora: sudo dnf install texlive-collection-fontsrecommended.noarch
user avatar
22 votes

TeX history: what was the diagonal dash at codepoint 32 in cmr10 intended for?

From plain.tex: 663 \def\l{\char32l} 664 \def\L{\leavevmode\setbox0\hbox{L}\hbox to\wd0{\hss\char32L}} The glyph is used just for the Polish “suppressed l”. The support for Polish in Computer Modern ...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
19 votes
Accepted

How to use Boondox calligraphic font in LaTeX without replacing \mathcal command

It's simpler to do by hand what mathalfa does: \documentclass{article} \DeclareFontFamily{U}{BOONDOX-calo}{\skewchar\font=45 } \DeclareFontShape{U}{BOONDOX-calo}{m}{n}{ <-> s*[1.05] BOONDOX-...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
19 votes
Accepted

Georgian capital letter “Ⴒ” (“tar”) in pdfLaTeX

Would this alternative approach suffice? \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begingroup\ooalign{P\cr L}\endgroup \end{document}
user avatar
18 votes

What is the history of the ß (Eszett) in the T1 encoding of Computer modern?

I can't do anything about the font you are using but would recommend to use the lmodern fonts, a modernised variant of the Computer Modern fonts. \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{lmodern} \...
user avatar
18 votes

What is the history of the ß (Eszett) in the T1 encoding of Computer modern?

I don't know why Knuth designed the ß as it is in the cm-fonts. I don't quite remember why Jörg Knappen changed the look of the ß in the ec-fonts, but I do remember that there was some quite heated ...
user avatar
18 votes

Can we stop recommending fontspec as first choice in case lualatex is used?

fontspec doesn't change the math setup to unicode math fonts -- this is done by unicode-math -- it only change some math alphabet like \mathrm and with the option no-math you could avoid this too. So ...
user avatar
16 votes

What is the equivalent of \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} in plain TeX?

At first you don't need an equivalent for fontenc but for inputenc. You should (like inputenc) make the non-ascii chars active and map them to suitable commands. E.g. in an 8-bit encoded file you ...
user avatar
16 votes

Georgian capital letter “Ⴒ” (“tar”) in pdfLaTeX

For completeness, there is a Georgian font package for pdflatex, see https://www.ctan.org/pkg/mxedruli. The Tar character is part of the Xucuri set, which can be accessed with \usepackage{xucuri}. The ...
user avatar
  • 30.6k
15 votes

What is the history of the ß (Eszett) in the T1 encoding of Computer modern?

What you are complaining about is the "ß" of the dc fonts created by Jörg Knappen, the first 8 bit extension of the original 7 bit Computer Modern fonts. This was digitized in the cm-super fonts (see ...
user avatar
14 votes

Error in TeX Live – Font ... not loadable: Metric (TFM) file not found

On macOS / MacTeX install collection-fontsrecommended in the TeX Live Utility or tlmgr install collection-fontsrecommended from the command line.
user avatar
  • 467
14 votes
Accepted

! Corrupted NFSS tables

An NFSS question ... how nice :-) Looks like a quarter of century old deficiency. One could argue whether or not this is a bug or whether it is really due to the fact that in the preamble typesetting ...
user avatar
14 votes

Font with Dollars but no line through it

TeX Gyre Adventor (similar to Avantgarde) \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tgadventor} \begin{document} \textsf{\$} \end{document} Only the symbol without changing the whole sans-serif font: ...
user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Can we stop recommending fontspec as first choice in case lualatex is used?

One reason to rely on fontspec over luainputenc comes from the package documentation of the second package. The abstract says simply: Input encoding management for LuaTeX, needed only for ...
user avatar
  • 21.8k
13 votes
Accepted

Interpreting unicode ², ³, etc... characters in math mode

ConTeXt does it right. \starttext x²³ and $x²³$ \stoptext The same can be achieved with LaTeX and unicode-math. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{unicode-math} \begin{document} x²³ and $x²³$ \...
user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

When should package fontenc be used with pdflatex?

There is no simple answer to this. Or, rather, you already know the simple answer. In general, I would recommend \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} unless you know you need something different. In general, ...
user avatar
  • 184k
12 votes

How can I stop LaTeX from converting two hyphens to a single hyphen when loading package fontenc?

This approach didn't work for me in the bibliography, if you have the same problem simply insert one of the phantom commands: @article{Foo, title = {Hello -\phantom{}- World}, } This will work as ...
user avatar
12 votes

What is the reason behind why > and < don't display properly without T1 font encoding?

The historical reason is that TeX was initially developed in the late seventies of the 20th century, when seven bit was the norm (the eighth bit in a byte was used for parity check). The fonts ...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
12 votes
Accepted

Problems with comment package when comment contains diacritical characters

The comment package writes out the contents of the environment mine in an auxiliary file, but the expansion of á, as defined by cp1250 is fragile and doesn't survive writing out. The situation ...
user avatar
  • 1.0m
12 votes

Why is \AA still defined as it was in LaTeX2.09?

In LaTeX 2.09 the definitions were \def\aa{\accent23a} \def\AA{\leavevmode\setbox0\hbox{h}\dimen@\ht0\advance\dimen@-1ex% \rlap{\raise.67\dimen@\hbox{\char'27}}A} as there was no encoding support,...
user avatar
12 votes

Easiest way to create TeX macro/code to access symbols from particular font?

It's really not hard to do, but it would make sense to make it a package. Update I've now packaged this as a package with command names for all the keys. It is now on CTAN. Since I don't use the ...
user avatar
  • 203k
12 votes
Accepted

Is it still necessary to use packages T1 and utf8 in editor TeXstudio?

A short writeup of the comments if you use pdflatex T1 with fontenc is still relevant for better use of the fonts. as for utf8 it is now the default has has been for some time, so you ought to be ...
user avatar
  • 49.7k
11 votes
Accepted

File size generated from Pdflatex is too big

It's not sure it will be longer for an assignment: most of the size comes from font embedding in pdf, which does not really depend on what you put in your file. That said, I've made a little test with ...
user avatar
  • 263k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible